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shortening

shortening Soft fats that produce a crisp, flaky effect in baked products. Lard possesses the correct properties to a greater extent than any other single fat. Shortenings compounded from mixtures of fats or prepared by hydrogenation are still called lard compounds or lard substitutes.

Unlike oils, shortenings are plastic and disperse as a film through the batter and prevent the formation of a hard, tough mass.

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"shortening." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shortening." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening

"shortening." A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening

shortening

shortening The reduction in length of a line as a result of strain, e.g. by thickening, folding, thrusting, or the loss of material by solution. Simple shortening may be calculated using the same equation as for extension (e): e = (LF−LO)/LO, where LF is the final length and LO the original length; if e has a negative value when calculated from this equation, the line has been shortened.

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"shortening." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shortening." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening

"shortening." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening

shortening

short·en·ing / ˈshôrtning; ˈshôrtn-ing/ • n. butter or other fat used for making pastry or bread.

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"shortening." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 14 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"shortening." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening

"shortening." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved December 14, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shortening