BoseEinstein statistics
BoseEinstein statistics, class of statistics that applies to elementary particles called bosons, which include the photon, pion, and the W and Z particles. Bosons have integral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "gregarious" in the sense that an unlimited number of bosons can be placed in the same state. All of the particles that mediate the fundamental forces of nature are bosons. See elementary particles; FermiDirac statistics; statistical mechanics.
Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

MLA

Chicago

APA
"BoseEinstein statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"BoseEinstein statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopediasalmanacstranscriptsandmaps/boseeinsteinstatistics
"BoseEinstein statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopediasalmanacstranscriptsandmaps/boseeinsteinstatistics
FermiDirac statistics
FermiDirac statistics, class of statistics that applies to particles called fermions. Fermions have halfintegral values of the quantum mechanical property called spin and are "antisocial" in the sense that two fermions cannot exist in the same state. Protons, neutrons, electrons, and many other elementary particles are fermions. See BoseEinstein statistics; elementary particles; statistical mechanics.
Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

MLA

Chicago

APA
"FermiDirac statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"FermiDirac statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 28, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopediasalmanacstranscriptsandmaps/fermidiracstatistics
"FermiDirac statistics." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopediasalmanacstranscriptsandmaps/fermidiracstatistics