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parameter

parameter
1. Information passed to a subroutine, procedure, or function. The definition of the procedure is written using formal parameters to denote data items that will be provided when the subroutine is called, and the call of the procedure includes corresponding actual parameters. See also parameter passing.

2. A quantity in a function or mathematical model whose value is selected or estimated according to the circumstances. Parameters should be distinguished from constants, which are fixed for all uses of the function or model, and variables, which are the actual recorded measurements involved in the function or model.

Many properties of functions and mathematical models can be deduced from their structural characteristics without reference to particular values; such properties include continuity, differentiality, and linear independence. A function or model for a specific purpose may be formulated by first establishing the appropriate structure (e.g. polynomial, differential equation of a certain form) in which particular values are not yet determined; such values are parameters of the function or model. Various techniques can then be used to find the most suitable value or range of values for the parameters when considering the observed set of data.

For simple models, such as elementary probability distributions, parameters may be estimated from the statistics of the sample, such as the mean and the variance. General principles of estimation, in which the criterion is the agreement between model and data, lead to procedures that may require iterative computing to obtain estimates; important examples are the method of least squares and its generalization, the method of maximum likelihood.

The probability distribution of a parameter estimate is often required, and it is usual to compute its standard deviation, known as its standard error (see measures of variation), its correlation with other parameter estimates, and its confidence limits where appropriate (see confidence interval).

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"parameter." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." A Dictionary of Computing. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

"parameter." A Dictionary of Computing. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/computing/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

parameter

pa·ram·e·ter / pəˈramitər/ • n. technical a numerical or other measurable factor forming one of a set that defines a system or sets the conditions of its operation: the transmission will not let you downshift unless your speed is within the lower gear's parameters. ∎  Math. a quantity whose value is selected for the particular circumstances and in relation to which other variable quantities may be expressed. ∎  Statistics a numerical characteristic of a population, as distinct from a statistic of a sample. ∎  (in general use) a limit or boundary that defines the scope of a particular process or activity: they set the parameters of the debate.

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"parameter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter-0

"parameter." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter-0

parameter

parameter (intercept ratio) In crystallography, the ratio of the intercepts made by a plane (the parametral plane), parallel to a crystal face, which intersects the crystallographic axes, and which has been chosen to define a unit length of intersection along each axis. The form of which the face is a member is called the ‘unit form’, ‘fundamental form’, or ‘parametral form’. See also AXIAL RATIO.

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"parameter." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

"parameter." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

parameter

parameter (math.) third proportional to any given diameter and its conjugate XVII; quantity constant in a given case, but varying in different cases XIX. — modL. parameter, -metrum, f. Gr. PARA-1 beside, subsidiary to + métron measure.

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"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter-1

"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter-1

parameter

parameter (pă-ram-it-er) n. (in medicine) a measurement of some factor, such as blood pressure, pulse rate, or haemoglobin level, that may have a bearing on the condition being investigated.

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"parameter." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

"parameter." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

parameter

parameter. Orig. mathematical term, in musical connotation refers to ‘dimension’ of a sound, its pitch, loudness, duration, rhythm, and (controversially) timbre.

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"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

"parameter." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

parameter

parameterbitter, committer, critter, embitter, emitter, fitter, flitter, fritter, glitter, gritter, hitter, jitter, knitter, litter, permitter, pitta, quitter, remitter, sitter, skitter, slitter, spitter, splitter, submitter, titter, transmitter, twitter, witter •drifter, grifter, lifter, shifter, sifter, snifter, uplifter •constrictor, contradictor, depicter, dicta, evictor, inflicter, predictor, victor •filter, kilter, philtre (US philter), quilter, tilter •Jacinta, midwinter, Minter, Pinta, Pinter, printer, splinter, sprinter, tinter, winter •sphincter •assister, ballista, bistre (US bister), blister, enlister, glister, lister, mister, resistor, Sandinista, sister, transistor, tryster, twister, vista •trickster •minster, spinster •hipster, quipster, tipster •cohabiter • arbiter • presbyter •exhibitor, inhibitor, prohibiter •Manchester • Chichester • Silchester •Rochester • Colchester •creditor, editor, subeditor •auditor • Perdita • taffeta • shopfitter •forfeiter • outfitter • counterfeiter •register • marketer •cricketer, picketer •Alistair • weightlifter • filleter •fillister • shoplifter •diameter, heptameter, hexameter, parameter, pentameter, tetrameter •Axminster • Westminster •limiter, perimeter, scimitar, velocimeter •accelerometer, anemometer, barometer, gasometer, geometer, manometer, micrometer, milometer, olfactometer, optometer, pedometer, photometer, pyrometer, speedometer, swingometer, tachometer, thermometer •Kidderminster • janitor •banister, canister •primogenitor, progenitor, senator •administer, maladminister, minister, sinister •monitor • per capita • carpenter •spanakopita • Jupiter • trumpeter •character • barrister • ferreter •teleprinter •chorister, forester •interpreter, misinterpreter •capacitor • ancestor • Exeter •stepsister •elicitor, solicitor •babysitter • house-sitter • bullshitter •competitor • catheter • harvester •riveter • banqueter • non sequitur •loquitur •inquisitor, visitor •compositor, expositor

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"parameter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"parameter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter

"parameter." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/parameter