The first way is the argument from motion [which requires a first Mover] … The second is from the nature of efficient cause [the chain of causation requires an uncaused Cause] … The third way is taken from possibility and necessity [roughly, ‘why there is something rather than nothing’ requires a necessary being] … The fourth way is taken from the gradation to be found in things [comparisons, e.g. ‘hotter’, relate to a perfect standard, ‘hottest’, so overall to God as the cause of perfection] … The fifth way is taken from the governance of the world [that things are evidently designed to an end, requiring a Designer]. (ST I, qu. 2, art. 3).
The first four are related to the Cosmological Argument, the fourth remotely to the Ontological Argument, the fifth to the Teleological Argument.
"Quinque Viae." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/quinque-viae
"Quinque Viae." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved September 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/quinque-viae
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.