Skip to main content

Videla, Jorge Rafael

Jorge Rafael Videla (hôr´hā räfäĕl´ vēdā´lä), 1925–2013, Argentine general and president. Born to a military family, he graduated (1944) from the National Military College and rose through the officer ranks to become army chief of staff in 1973, head of the joint chiefs of staff in 1975, and general commander of the army in 1975. In 1976 he headed the military junta that deposed President Isabel Perón (see under Perón, Juan Domingo) and served (1976–81) as president. His government began the military's infamous "Dirty War" (1976–83), in which some 30,000 citizens were tortured and murdered in the name of political stability. After the return to civilian rule in 1983, he and other military officials were charged with human-rights abuses. He was sentenced to life in prison in 1985, but was pardoned in 1990 under an amnesty. In 1998 he was arrested and charged with human-rights crimes not covered by the amnesty; he was under house arrest from 1998, in prison from 2008. In 2007 his life sentence reinstated; he was convicted of additional charges in 2010 and 2012.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Videla, Jorge Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Videla, Jorge Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/videla-jorge-rafael

"Videla, Jorge Rafael." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/videla-jorge-rafael

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.