Herbert Vaughan, 1832–1903, English churchman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Educated at Stonyhurst College and on the Continent, Vaughan was ordained in 1854 and joined the Oblate Fathers. He was vice president of the seminary at Ware and left there (1861) to go on a trip to America to raise money for foreign missions. The fruit of that labor is a college for foreign missionaries at Mill Hill near London. In 1871 he traveled to the United States to examine the spiritual state of the blacks, which had always concerned him. On his return Vaughan was made bishop of Salford, E Lancashire. When Cardinal Manning died, Vaughan succeeded him as archbishop of Westminster, the Catholic primate of England; in 1893 he was created cardinal. He improved the position of Roman Catholic schools in the archdiocese and the seminaries of England, and he cooperated widely with non-Catholics.
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