Rawlins, John Aaron
John Aaron Rawlins, 1831–69, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Galena, Ill. Admitted to the bar in 1854, he practiced law in Galena. In 1861 he joined the Union army at the request of his fellow townsman Ulysses S. Grant and was appointed a captain and assistant adjutant general of volunteers on Grant's staff. Rawlins remained with Grant throughout the war and was his most influential adviser. He was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers in 1863, was made chief of staff of the whole Union army in Mar., 1865, and became a major general in the regular army in Apr., 1865. On Grant's accession to the presidency in 1869, Rawlins became his Secretary of War, but he died of tuberculosis before the year was out. He was an ardent advocate of Cuban independence.
"Rawlins, John Aaron." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rawlins-john-aaron
"Rawlins, John Aaron." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rawlins-john-aaron
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.