Skip to main content

Murfreesboro

Murfreesboro (mûr´frēzbûr´ə), city (1990 pop. 44,922), seat of Rutherford co., central Tenn., on Stones River; inc. 1817. It is the processing center of a dairy, livestock, and farm area. Manufactures include appliance motors, packaged foods, boats, and outdoor furniture. Murfreesboro was the capital of Tennessee from 1819 to 1826. The Civil War battle of Murfreesboro (or Stones River) was fought from Dec. 31, 1862–Jan. 2, 1863. Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg concentrated his army in Murfreesboro after retreating (Oct., 1862) from Kentucky. As Union Gen. William Rosecrans moved toward Chattanooga, Bragg confronted him just N of Murfreesboro. Bragg attacked first and on Dec. 31 nearly routed the Union forces. Rosecrans repulsed an ensuing attack, and on Jan. 3, the Union army occupied Murfreesboro; Bragg retreated to Tullahoma. Stones River National Battlefield (see National Parks and Monuments, table) commemorates the battle, and Civil War dead are buried in Stones River National Cemetery. Oakland Mansion is another historic attraction. Middle Tennessee State Univ. is in the city.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Murfreesboro." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Murfreesboro." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/murfreesboro

"Murfreesboro." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/murfreesboro

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.