Skip to main content

Heinlein, Robert Anson MacDonald

Robert Anson MacDonald Heinlein (hī´līn), 1907–88, American science-fiction writer, b. Butler, Mo. His best-known novel, Stranger in a Strange Land (1961), concerns a young man who is raised by Martians and returns to earth. It became a cult classic during the 1960s. A writer of fast-paced and extremely inventive works, he also wrote the short stories in The Green Hills of Earth (1951) and other collections, and Double Star (1956), Starship Troopers (1959), The Door into Summer (1957), The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress (1966), The Cat Who Walks through Walls (1985), and other novels. Extremely influential, Heinlein's writings helped win respect for science fiction as literature.

See J. N. Schulman, The Robert Heinlein Interview and Other Heinleiniana (1999); biography by W. H. Patterson, Jr. (2 vol., 2011–2014); study by H. B. Franklin (1980).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Heinlein, Robert Anson MacDonald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Heinlein, Robert Anson MacDonald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/heinlein-robert-anson-macdonald

"Heinlein, Robert Anson MacDonald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/heinlein-robert-anson-macdonald

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.