Skip to main content

García Pérez, Alan Gabriel Ludwig

Alan Gabriel Ludwig García Pérez, 1949–, Peruvian political leader, president of Peru (1985–90, 2006–11). A lawyer and member of APRA, García is a charismatic speaker who rose rapidly in Peruvian politics. Elected to the congress in 1980, he became APRA's secretary-general two years later, and won the Peruvian presidency in 1985. García embarked on a leftist, nationalist program, but his attempts at reform were soon swamped by Shining Path violence and rampaging inflation, and his government was marred by profligate spending and corruption. Unpopular, and charged with corruption in 1992 by Fujimori's government, García went into exile. In 2001 he returned to Peru after the charges had lapsed and ran again for the presidency, but lost after a runoff to Alejandro Toledo Manrique. In 2006, however, he was regarded by many as more moderate and a lesser evil than his nationalist opponent, Ollanta Humala, a former army officer, and he won the presidency a second time. His second term was marked by economic growth based in large part on mineral and petroleum resources, but the exploitation of those also sparked sometimes violent conflicts with indigenous groups.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"García Pérez, Alan Gabriel Ludwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"García Pérez, Alan Gabriel Ludwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garcia-perez-alan-gabriel-ludwig

"García Pérez, Alan Gabriel Ludwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garcia-perez-alan-gabriel-ludwig

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.