Bakersfield, city (1990 pop. 174,820), seat of Kern co., S central Calif., at the southern end of the San Joaquin valley; inc. 1898. It is an oil, mining, and agricultural center and one of the fastest-growing U.S. cities. Since the Kern River oil fields were discovered in 1899, almost all of the major oil companies have established refineries in Bakersfield. Gold was discovered in the region in 1855 and silver, borax, gypsum, and tungsten are now mined. Manufactures include chemicals, apparel, food and beverages, construction materials, fabricated metal products, paper and rubber goods, and computers. Cotton, citrus fruits, potatoes, nuts, and roses are grown in the area and there is dairying. California State Univ. Bakersfield is there, and there are major aerospace facilities, including Edwards Air Force Base. Sequoia National Forest is nearby.
"Bakersfield." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bakersfield
"Bakersfield." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved January 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bakersfield
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.