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earwig

earwig, common name for any of the smooth, elongated insects of the order Dermaptera. Earwigs are small, with pairs of horny, forcepslike abdominal appendages, larger in the male than in the female, and short, leathery forewings that cover the membranous hindwings when folded. Some of the 900 species lack wings; the winged species rarely fly. Many tropical earwigs are brightly colored and carnivorous, even cannibalistic. The common earwig of temperate climates is native to Europe but has spread widely and seems destined to become cosmopolitan in distribution. Most species feed on plants and some are serious pests; others are predaceous or scavengers. The pincers of the male are used in courtship battles with other males. The female is unusual in that it guards its eggs and tends the young, which molt from 4 to 6 times during metamorphosis. The superstition that earwigs crawl through the ears and into the brains of sleeping persons probably derives from their nocturnal habits and the tarry or waxy odor of a secretion of their abdominal glands. A fossil earwig links the order to ancient cockroaches. Earwigs are classified in the phylum Arthropoda, class Insecta, order Dermaptera.

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"earwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"earwig." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved November 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/earwig

Dermaptera

Dermaptera(earwigs; class Insecta, subclass Pterygota) Order of elongate, flattened, exopterygote insects whose major diagnostic features include cerci which are modified as a pair of forceps on the end of the mobile, telescopic abdomen; and fore wings which are reduced as short tegmina, beneath which the large, membranaceous hind wings are intricately folded, although many species are wingless. Earwigs are interesting in that they show parental care of offspring. They are found in crevices, particularly among plant debris, are nocturnal, and feed on living and dead plant and animal material. Some species are pests, damaging flowers and fruit. About 1200 species have been described, most of them occurring in the tropics and warm-temperate regions.

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"Dermaptera." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Dermaptera

Dermaptera An order of insects comprising the earwigs. Earwigs typically have long thin cylindrical bodies with biting mouthparts and a stout pair of curved forceps (cerci) at the tip of the abdomen, used for catching prey and in courtship. Some species have a single pair of wings, which at rest are folded back over the abdomen like a fan; others are wingless. Most earwigs are nocturnal and omnivorous.

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"Dermaptera." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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earwig

earwig Slender, flattened, brownish-black insect found in crevices and under tree bark. There are some 900 winged and wingless species worldwide. All have a pair of forceps at the hind end of the abdomen. Order Dermaptera; genus Forficula.

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"earwig." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"earwig." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/earwig

"earwig." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/earwig

earwig

earwig insect so called because it is supposed to penetrate the ear. OE. ēarwicga, f. ēare EAR1 + wicga earwig, prob. rel. to WIGGLE. For the form of wicga cf. DOG.

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"earwig." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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earwig

ear·wig / ˈirˌwig/ • n. a small elongated insect (order Dermaptera) with a pair of terminal appendages that resemble pincers.

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"earwig." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"earwig." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/earwig-0

"earwig." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved November 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/earwig-0

earwigs

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"earwigs." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"earwigs." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved November 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/earwigs

earwigs

earwigs See Dermaptera.

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earwig

earwigbig, brig, dig, fig, frig, gig, grig, jig, lig, pig, prig, rig, snig, sprig, swig, tig, trig, twig, Whig, wig •Liebig • shindig • whirligig •thingamajig • Pfennig • Gehrig •thimblerig • Meurig • oilrig • Leipzig •Schleswig • bigwig • periwig • Ludwig •earwig • Danzig • Zagazig

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"earwig." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"earwig." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/earwig

"earwig." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved November 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/earwig