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Black, James

BLACK, James

PERSONAL

Born in Lima, OH. Education: University of Akron, B.A.

Career: Actor and director. Cleveland Browns, professional football player for two seasons. Appeared in commercials; also worked as a disc jockey.

Awards, Honors: Held National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) record for fifty–two rushes or carries in a game.

CREDITS

Film Appearances:

Dr. Death, Zombie Cop, 1991.

Captain Kronik, Galaxy of the Dinosaurs, 1992.

Husband on game show, Hard Promises, Columbia, 1992.

Eddie Boone, Ozone (also known as Street Zombies), Suburban Tempe Company, 1993.

Second finale police officer, The Chase, Twentieth Century–Fox, 1994.

Edwards, Scot–Free (also known as Smoke & Mirrors), 1995.

FBI agent Johnson, With Criminal Intent, Orion, 1997.

Himey, Out of Sight, Jersey Films, 1998.

Maurice Boudreau, The First 9 1/2 Weeks, 1998.

Riley, Soldier, Warner Bros., 1998.

Soldier, Godzilla, Sony Pictures Entertainment, 1998.

Victor Erickson, Cappuccino, 1998.

Henry, Standing on Fishes, MTI Home Video, 1999.

Sergeant Morrow, Universal Soldier: The Return (also known as Universal Soldier II and Universal Soldier IV), TriStar, 1999.

Bradbury, The Vault, Full Moon Entertainment, 2000.

Doc, Unshackled, Nantucket Limited, 2000.

Eric Jameson, Stop It, You're Killing Me, Haxan Films, 2000.

Leonard, Odessa (short film), Dream Big Productions, 2000.

Third referee, The Replacements, Warner Bros., 2000.

Bradbury, Horrorvision, Full Moon Entertainment/KOCH International, 2001.

Vaughn, Love and a Bullet, TriStar, 2002.

Will, In Your Eyes, 2004.

Film Director:

The Vault, Full Moon Entertainment, 2000.

Television Appearances; Series:

Michael Hailey, The Burning Zone, UPN, 1996–1997.

Voice of Tarnell, The PJs (also known as PJs: The Projects), Fox, 1999–2000, The WB, 2000–2001.

Television Appearances; Movies:

Special education teacher, A Triumph of the Heart: The Ricky Bell Story, CBS, 1991.

Chaplain, Witness to the Execution, 1994.

Ernie Shavers, Don King: Only in America, HBO, 1997.

Rahmel, The Substitute 3: The Winner Takes All, HBO, 1999.

Television Appearances; Specials:

It's Hot in Here: UPN Fall Preview, UPN, 1996.

Voice of Tarnell, How the Super Stoled Christmas, Fox, 1999.

Television Appearances; Episodic:

Orville, "Come Back Little Diva," Living Single, Fox, 1995.

Antoine Hollins, "The Debt," The Sentinel, UPN, 1996.

First security guard, "Voices of Authority," Babylon 5, syndicated, 1996.

Johnny Lane, "No Man's Land," Pacific Blue, USA Network, 1996.

Klingon helmsman, "Shattered Mirror," Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (also known as Deep Space Nine, DS9, and Star Trek: DS9), syndicated, 1996.

Security operator, "The Angriest Angel," Space: Above and Beyond, Fox, 1996.

The D.J., "Prom Fright," The Wayans Bros., The WB, 1997.

Security guard, "A Penny Saved," Mike Hammer, Private Eye, 1997.

"Gun Shy," Women: Stories of Passion, 1997.

Tommy–Kareem, "Cuda Grace," Nash Bridges (also known as Bridges), CBS, 1998.

David (some sources cite Damon Halsband), "Painted Faces," Martial Law, CBS, 1999.

Elwood Snow, "The Quick and the Dead," V.I.P. (also known as V.I.P.—Die Bodyguards), syndicated, 1999.

Sergeant Reed, "Survival," The Pretender, NBC, 1999.

Anthony Dukane, "Prison Blues," Will & Grace, NBC, 2001.

Captain Tripp, "The Measure of Men," JAG, CBS, 2001.

Chairman Gordon, "Alone Again," S Club 7 in Hollywood (also known as Hollywood 7), BBC and Fox Family Channel, 2001.

Chairman Gordon, "The Concert," S Club 7 in Hollywood (also known as Hollywood 7), BBC and Fox Family Channel, 2001.

Chairman Gordon, "The Stylist," S Club 7 in Hollywood (also known as Hollywood 7), BBC and Fox Family Channel, 2001.

"Cult of One," Sheena, syndicated, 2001.

Member of Black Gold, "Me & My Shadow," One on One, UPN, 2002.

Joey, "Degeneration," Strong Medicine, Lifetime, 2003.

Joey, "Intensive Care," Strong Medicine, Lifetime, 2003.

Xavier, "Mercy, Mercy Me," 10–8: Officers on Duty (also known as 10–8), ABC, 2003.

Drug Enforcement Agency agent Brody, "Invasion," CSI: Miami, CBS, 2004.

Swarm King, "Used Karma," Charmed, The WB, 2004.

Appeared in episodes of America's Most Wanted, Fox; High Tide, syndicated; In Living Color, Fox; Renegade, USA Network and syndicated; Silk Stalkings, CBS and USA Network; and Unsolved Mysteries, NBC.

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Black, James

Black, James

(b. Scotland, ca, 1787; d. Edinburgh Scotland, 30 April 1867)

medicine, geology.

During the Napoleonic Wars, Black was a naval surgeon and served in the West Indies. Subsequently he practiced as a physician in Newton Stewart, Bolton, Manchester (1839–1849), and again in Bolton, until his retirement to Edinburgh in 1856.

In the course of caring for his patients, Black made careful observations and collected data that he related, through his wide medical reading, to medical theory and to social conditions. Capillary Circulation (1825) reports his only experimental work, mainly on capillaries in the feet of ducks and frogs, in which he repeated the experiments of John Thomson. In this work, Black describes the blood as moving faster in the arteries than in the veins, the anastomoses, and the effects of ammonia in decreasing the diameter of the blood vessels and speeding the flow of blood–which is followed by passive dilation, congestion, and typical symptoms of inflammation. He further reviews the literature and discusses the nature of inflammation, its causes and conditions, its symptoms, and its relation to capillary circulation. Black’s work was not highly regarded by his colleagues, but he continued it in 1826 with The Nature of Fever, which similarly reviewed alternative hypotheses and contemporary practice.

In the spring of 1829, Black visited the United States, where he studied medical practice and education and wrote the appreciative and critical sketch of the state of medicine in America, which included descriptions of the institutions that he had visited in New York and Philadelphia. On returning to Bolton, he embarked on an extensive survey of that town, relating the physical and social environment to health and habits and noting industrial changes; this was published in 1837 as “Sketch of Bolton.”

Black was also a competent amateur geologist and paleontologist and published a number of papers on these subjects: they were mostly local and descriptive, but they also dealt with such topics as submerged forests and coal formation. A founding member of the council of the Manchester Geological Society, he delivered an address to it, “On Some Some Objects and Uses of Geological Research,” in which he discussed the development of organisms toward perfection in terms of successive acts of a Creative Power, in relation to changes in the environment.

Black was active and well loved in many spheres. His family life seems to have been happy and devout, and one of his sons also became a naval surgeon. He was a founder-member of the British Association in 1831, lectured on geology at the Bolton Mechanics Institute, and served on the committee whose work resulted in the establishment of one of the first municipal public libraries (in Bolton) in 1853. In 1854 a lithographed portrait of Black was published by public subscription.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

I. Original Works. Black’s medical works include A Short Inquiry Into the Capillary Circulation of the Blood… (London, 1825); A Comparative View of the More Intimate Nature of Fever… (London, 1826); “A Sketch of the State of Medicine, and of Medical Schools and Institutions, in the United States of America…,” in New England Medical and Surgical Journal, 1 (1830–1831), 209–219, 301–313, 398–409; and “A Medico-topographical, Geological, and Statistical Sketch of Bolton and Its Neighbourhood,” in Transactions of the Provincial Medical and Surgical Association, 5 (1837), 125–224 and map.

His geological works include “On Some Objects and Uses of Geological Research,” in Transactions of the Manchester Geological Society, 1 (1841), 1–34; and An Eclectic View of Coal Formation (Manchester, 1847).

II. Secondary Literature. There is an anonymous “Obituary” in British Medical Journal, 1 (25 May 1867), 623. Signed works on Black are A. Sparke, “James Black,” in Bibliographia Boltonensis (Manchester, 1913), pp. 26–27; C. W. Sutton, “James Black,” in Dictionary of National Biography, V (London, 1886), pp. 106–107, which gives additional references; and P. A. Whittle, “James Black,” in Bolton-le-Moors (Bolton, 1855), p. 392.

Diana Simpkins

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Black, James

James Black, 1823–93, American temperance leader. A Pennsylvania lawyer, he was active in state and national temperance work. His plan for a National Publication House was adopted by the National Temperance Convention (1865). In 1872, as presidential nominee of the Prohibition party, he gained some 5,000 votes.

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