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Campion, Saint Edmund

Saint Edmund Campion (kăm´pēən), c.1540–1581, English Jesuit martyr, educated at St. Paul's School and St. John's College, Oxford. As a fellow at Oxford he earned the admiration of his colleagues and his students and the favor of Queen Elizabeth by his brilliance and oratorical ability. He went (1569) to Dublin to help in the proposed restoration of the university there. Although he had reluctantly taken orders as a Protestant, he had open Roman Catholic leanings and fled in disguise (1571) to England and then to the Continent, where he studied at Douai, joined (1573) the Society of Jesus, and was ordained (1578). In 1580 he and another Jesuit, Robert Persons, were sent as Jesuit missionaries to England. Campion's travels were marked by many conversions and did much to guarantee the survival of Roman Catholicism in England. Copies of his secretly printed pamphlet, Decem rationes [10 reasons], against the Protestants, appeared at Oxford in 1581. The long pursuit by the government ended (July, 1581) with the taking of Campion. He was racked three times, but though his body was broken he conducted debates with Protestant theologians brilliantly and won more converts. He defended himself ably against trumped-up charges of sedition but was nevertheless condemned and hanged, drawn, and quartered. He was beatified in 1886. In 1970, Campion and the other English and Welsh martyrs of the Reformation were canonized.

See biography by E. Waugh (3d ed. 1961).

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Campion, Edmund, St

Campion, Edmund, St (c.1540–81). Jesuit priest and martyr. He was ordained deacon in the Church of England in 1569, but then left for Dublin. He returned to England two years later and went on to Douai, then to Rome, where he entered the Society of Jesus. He was ordained in Prague in 1578 and shortly afterwards left for England with Robert Parsons. He landed at Dover in June 1580. He escaped arrest for a year, though his writings, especially Decem Rationes, won him considerable fame. He was arrested at Lyford Grange in Berkshire, and was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn on 1 Dec. 1581. He was canonized as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales in 1970. Feast day, 20 Oct.

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"Campion, Edmund, St." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Campion, Edmund, St." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/campion-edmund-st

Campion, Saint Edmund

Campion, Saint Edmund (1540–81) English Jesuit priest and martyr. He was ordained deacon in the Church of England (1569), but became a Roman Catholic (1571) and later a Jesuit missionary. In 1581, he published the pamphlet Decem Rationes, defending the Roman Catholic position against Protestantism. He was charged with treason and executed. His feast day is December 1.

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Campion, St Edmund

Campion, St Edmund (1540–81), English Jesuit priest and martyr. He was ordained a deacon in the Church of England in 1569 but went abroad, becoming a Catholic and a Jesuit priest in 1573. Returning to England in 1580, he was arrested, charged with conspiracy against the Crown, tortured, and executed. He was canonized in 1970. His feast day is 1 December.

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"Campion, St Edmund." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Campion, St Edmund." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved August 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/campion-st-edmund