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Martyr

Martyr (Gk., martus, ‘witness’). One who suffers death on behalf of his or her faith, often for refusing to renounce it.

Judaism

See KIDDUSH HA-SHEM.

Christianity

The Gk. word was only gradually restricted to those whose witness to their faith had led to their death in persecutions. From the 2nd cent. martyrs were specially honoured in churches, and the anniversaries of their deaths, as (heavenly) ‘birthdays’, were kept as feasts. They were venerated as intercessors in heaven, and their relics sought after. Accounts (‘Acts’) of martyrdom form an important class of hagiography.

Islam

See SHAHĪD.

Sikhism

Many Sikhs have died for their faith, particularly under the Mughal emperor, Auraṅgzeb, and during the conflicts of the 18th cent. Martyrs (Pañjābī, Hindī śahīd) are remembered daily in Ardās, and pictures of martyrdoms are displayed in the gurdwārās. Of the Gurūs, Arjan Dev and Tegh Bahādur were martyred.

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"Martyr." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Martyr." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr

"Martyr." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr

martyr

mar·tyr / ˈmärtər/ • n. a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs: the first Christian martyr. ∎  a person who displays or exaggerates their discomfort or distress in order to obtain sympathy or admiration: she wanted to play the martyr. ∎  (martyr to) a constant sufferer from (an ailment): I'm a martyr to migraines! • v. [tr.] (usu. be martyred) kill (someone) because of their beliefs: she was martyred for her faith. ∎  cause great pain or distress to: there was no need to martyr themselves again. DERIVATIVES: mar·tyr·i·za·tion / ˌmärtərəˈzāshən/ n. mar·tyr·ize / ˈmärtəˌrīz/ v.

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"martyr." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"martyr." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr-1

"martyr." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr-1

martyr

martyr a person who is killed because of their religious or other beliefs. In the Roman Catholic liturgy, martyrs rank before all other saints. Recorded from Old English, the word comes via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek martur ‘witness’ (in Christian use, ‘martyr’).
The Martyr King Charles I, a title reflecting the beliefs of those members of the Anglican Church who regard his execution as an act of religious persecution; 30 January was formally instituted as a fast in his memory in 1660 (it was suppressed in 1859, although a lesser festival was reinstated in 1980).

See also the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the Church, Forty Martyrs at forty, Manchester Martyrs.

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"martyr." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"martyr." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr

"martyr." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/martyr

martyr

martyr (prop.) one who voluntarily undergoes death for the Christian faith. OE. martir, corr. to OS., OHG. martir — ecclL. martyr — Gr. mártur, var. of mártus, martur- witness, (in Christian use) martyr; reinforced in ME. by OF. martir, martre (mod. martyr); the sp. was finally assim. to the L. form.
Hence martyr vb. OE. (ġe)martyrian, -martrian. martyrdom OE. So martyrology XVI. — medL. — ecclGr.; see -LOGY.

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"martyr." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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martyr

martyr Person who dies willingly rather than renounce his or her religious faith. The term, which is taken from the Greek word for ‘witness’, particularly applies to early Christians who suffered death for their beliefs. The first Christian martyr was Saint Stephen. In Judaism, the six million Jews murdered by the Nazis are regarded as martyrs. See also saint

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"martyr." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/martyr

martyr

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