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Pecock, Reginald

Pecock, Reginald (c.1395–c.1460). Bishop of Chichester (1450–9). A Welshman, educated at Oriel College, Oxford, Pecock was fellow there (1414–24) and under Humphrey, duke of Gloucester's patronage became master of Whittington College, London (1431–44), bishop of St Asaph (1444), of Chichester (1450), and a privy counsellor (1454–7). A rationalist himself, he tried to win over lollards by vigorous argument—‘by cleere witt [to] drawe men into consente of trewe faith’—rather than by burning, which involved him in controversy with conservatives. A sermon at St Paul's Cross (1447), defending non-preaching bishops, offended reformers. His works include Repressor of Over Much Blaming of the Clergy (1455), the first theological treatise in English since 1066, his Book of Faith (1456) promoting the authority of reason, and The Provoker questioning the authorship of the Apostles' Creed. As a Lancastrian and arraigned for heresy (1457), he was expelled from the Privy Council and forced to resign his see (1459) after public recantation. He was confined in Thorney abbey (Cambs.), where he died.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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"Pecock, Reginald." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Pecock, Reginald

Reginald Pecock (pē´kŏk), c.1395–c.1460, English bishop and writer. He obtained the bishopric of St. Asaph in 1444 and transferred to Chichester in 1450. A learned, active, and controversial figure, Pecock is important as one of the first English writers to use the vernacular. He is the author of the Repressor of Over-much Blaming of the Clergy (c.1455), against the Lollards, and of other works. Because his religious views opposed the conventional theological thought of the time, he was accused of heresy and had to make public abjuration and resign his bishopric.

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"Pecock, Reginald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pecock, Reginald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pecock-reginald

"Pecock, Reginald." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pecock-reginald