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Whitgift, John

Whitgift, John (c.1530–1604). Archbishop of Canterbury (1583–1604). Born in Lincolnshire, Whitgift was educated at Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, a centre of reform, where he remained throughout Mary's reign. Ordained (1560), he was successively Lady Margaret professor of divinity (1563–7), master of Pembroke Hall (1567) and Trinity College (1567–77)—where he expelled Cartwright—regius professor of divinity (1567–9), dean of Lincoln (1576), bishop of Worcester (1577), and archbishop in succession to Grindal. Though strongly calvinist, he vigorously defended episcopacy and Anglican liturgy and ritual. As archbishop, he worked hard for uniformity; his Six Articles (1583) insisted on the Thirty-Nine Articles, the Book of Common Prayer, and the royal supremacy, to be enforced by the Court of High Commission. Despite his fierce offensive against puritans, he upheld calvinist doctrines of predestination and election in the Lambeth articles (1595).

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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"Whitgift, John." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Whitgift, John." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitgift-john

"Whitgift, John." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved July 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitgift-john

Whitgift, John

John Whitgift (hwĬt´gĬft), 1530?–1604, archbishop of Canterbury. He was a fellow of Peterhouse, Cambridge. As vice chancellor (1573) he had a leading part in revising the university statutes. He was made dean of Lincoln in 1571 and bishop of Worcester in 1577. He became archbishop of Canterbury in 1583. In his efforts to establish uniformity of discipline in ecclesiastical matters, Whitgift had the full support and favor of Queen Elizabeth. His policy was severe toward the Puritans, and he was attacked in some of the tracts published in the Marprelate controversy.

See his works, ed. by J. Ayre (3 vol., 1851–53); biography by H. J. Clayton (1911); studies by P. M. Dawley (1954) and V. J. K. Brook (1957).

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"Whitgift, John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Whitgift, John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitgift-john

Whitgift, John

Whitgift, John (1530–1604) English churchman. He became archbishop of Canterbury in 1583. Whitgift tried to maintain a middle course in the Reformation, upholding the recently established doctrine of the Church of England and strongly opposing the Puritans.

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"Whitgift, John." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Whitgift, John." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved July 19, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/whitgift-john