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Maurice, Frederick Denison

Maurice, Frederick Denison (1805–72). Christian clergyman and social reformer. He was the son of a Unitarian minister, and was unable to graduate from Cambridge University because he could not subscribe to the Thirty-Nine Articles. Influenced by the writings of Coleridge and by a profound conversion experience, he became an Anglican and was ordained in 1834. After a curacy, he became chaplain to Guy's Hospital in London in 1836, when he published The Kingdom of Christ. In this he argued that since Christ is the head of every person, all people are bound in a universal fellowship which life in all its aspects should make manifest. In 1853, he published Theological Essays, which included a rejection of eternal punishment determined at the moment of death. He had ‘no faith in man's theory of a Universal Restitution’ (i.e. universalism), but maintained that the quest for the return of the prodigal would have no end.

This cautious view was nevertheless taken to be a subversion of the necessary foundation for moral life, and he was therefore dismissed from the College (although the real animus against him lay in his connection with Christian Socialism.

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/maurice-frederick-denison

Maurice, Frederick Denison

Frederick Denison Maurice, 1805–72, English clergyman and social reformer. He was brought up a Unitarian but became an Anglican. He studied law at Cambridge and was a founder of the Apostles' Club. Entering Oxford in 1830, he took holy orders in 1831, but in 1853 he lost the post of professor of divinity at King's College, London, because of the views contained in his Theological Essays (1853). He held the chair of moral philosophy at Cambridge from 1866 until his death. Besides one novel, Eustace Conway (1834), he wrote many religious works, including Lectures on Ecclesiastical History (1854) and The Doctrine of Sacrifice (1854). Maurice was a leader of the Christian socialism movement and also a leader in education, being a founder of Queen's College for women (1848) and the Working Men's College (1854), both in London.

See biographies by his son, Sir J. F. Maurice (1884), and C. F. G. Masterman (1907); studies by F. M. McClain (1972) and O. J. Brose (1972).

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maurice-frederick-denison

Maurice, Frederick Denison

Maurice, Frederick Denison (1805–72). Anglican theologian and social reformer. Son of a unitarian minister, Maurice was ordained in the Church of England and became professor of theology at King's College, London, but was forced to resign in 1853 because of his unorthodox views on eternal punishment. Maurice rejected the narrow moralism of his day and called for a wider understanding of the kingdom of God. He was deeply moved by the political events of 1848 and declared himself a Christian socialist. In 1854 he founded the Working Men's College in London and became increasingly recognized as a leader of Christian social reform. Contemporaries like John Stuart Mill criticized Maurice as muddled and obscure; but to his friends he was a saintly and prophetic figure. His writings supported the tenets of the broad-church school of Anglicans (modernists) and also influenced the Christian socialist revival of 1877–1914.

John F. C. Harrison

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 28 Apr. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Maurice, Frederick Denison." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved April 28, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maurice-frederick-denison