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Parris, Alexander

Parris, Alexander (1780–1850). American architect. Self-taught largely through publications (e.g. those of Nicholson and Pain), he was also influenced by Latrobe (e.g. in the house (1811–13) for John Wickham (1763–1838) at Richmond, VA). His best works were St Paul's Church (now the Episcopal Cathedral), Boston, MA (1819–21—Boston's first large Neo-Classical building), the Faneuil Hall or Quincy Market, Boston (1823–6), and the Stone Temple Unitarian Church, Quincy, MA (1827–8). Parris was involved in the organization of the profession into the American Institution of Architects.

Bibliography

Hamlin (1964);
Kilham (1946);
Placzek (ed.) (1982);
Progressive Architecture, xxxix (1958), 149–52;
Jane Turner (1996)

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Kilham, Alexander

Alexander Kilham (kĬl´əm), 1762–98, English Methodist minister, founder of the Methodist New Connection. He took a leading part in Methodist affairs after the death of John Wesley, advocating separation from the Church of England (see Methodism). He supported the right of preachers to administer the Lord's Supper and sought to have powers of church government distributed between clerical and lay members. For a series of pamphlets that he wrote, he was brought to trial at the conference of 1796 and expelled from the connection. In 1798 he and three other preachers formed the Methodist New Connection, the first group of Methodists to break away.

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