Skip to main content

Melchizedek

Melchizedek (Heb., ‘my king is Zedek/righteous’). Biblical king of Salem. According to Genesis 14. 18–20, Melchizedek welcomed the patriarch Abraham after he defeated the four kings, and he is described as ‘a priest of God Most High’. In Psalm 110. 4, it is written, ‘the Lord has sworn and will not repent, you are priest for ever after the manner of Melchizedek’. It seems likely, therefore, that David adopted a sacral kingship when he captured Jerusalem, and that these passages reflect a positive assessment of this move against those who protested against it as innovation.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Melchizedek." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Melchizedek." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/melchizedek

"Melchizedek." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/melchizedek

Melchizedek

Melchizedek or Melchisedec (both: mĕlkĬz´ədĕk) [Heb.,=king of righteousness], in the Bible, king of Salem and "priest of the most high God." He blessed Abraham after the defeat of Chedorlaomer, and Abraham gave him tithes from the enemy's spoils. Later, Melchizedek is regarded as an eternal priest, typifying the priesthood of the future Messiah. In the Dead Sea Scrolls, Melchizedek, as God's eschatological agent, effects the destruction of the angel Belial and the wicked spirits in league with him.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Melchizedek." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Melchizedek." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/melchizedek

"Melchizedek." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/melchizedek

Melchizedek

Melchizedek in the Bible, a priest and king of Salem (which is usually identified with Jerusalem). He was revered by Abraham, who paid tithes to him (Genesis 14:18), and he is described as bringing out bread and wine; this was later taken in the Christian Church as prefiguring the Eucharist.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Melchizedek." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. 29 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Melchizedek." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 29, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/melchizedek

"Melchizedek." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved May 29, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/melchizedek