While many women in the male dominated world of rap and hip-hop often opt to sell records by using blatant sexuality, rapper Eve has chosen to compete on her own terms. Female hip-hop artists who could equal the record sales and street credibility of male rappers are rare, but Eve has joined that exclusive group, which also includes Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliot and Da Brat. The self-proclaimed “pit bull in a skirt” got her start as the sole female with the hip-hop label Ruff Ryders. Her debut solo release, 1999’s Lei There Be Eve: Ruff Ryders’ First Lady, debuted at number one on Billboard’s Top 200 and reached platinum sales that same year. Eve escaped one-hit wonder status when she released her sophomore effort, Scorpion, in 2001, prompting Newsweek to call her “hip-hop’s most respected female presence.”
Eve Jihan Jeffers was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, c. 1979, and raised by her mother, Julie Wilcher. They lived in the Mill Creek housing projects until Eve was 14 years old, then moved to a better neighborhood. Eve regularly saw her father when she was younger, but he eventually drifted out of her life. She performed in Philadelphia talent shows with an all-girl singing group called D.G.P., or Dope Girl Posse, as a teenager. She noticed she got more attention as a rapper than she did as a singer, so she switched to rapping at the age of 13. During high school, she rapped under the nickname Eve of Destruction, but she later decided to simply use the name Eve.
Before she was 18 years old, Eve got an incredible break. Some friends arranged an impromptu audition for Eve with high-profile hip-hop artist and producer Dr. Dre. Her friends didn’t tell Dre she was coming, and he was taken aback when a tape was played and Eve, out of nowhere, rapped for him. Dre saw she had talent and immediately signed her to his fledgling Aftermath record label. Eve moved to Los Angeles a week later to begin work with Dre. Though her start was promising, Eve slipped through the cracks at Aftermath, as Dre was preoccupied with the business of running a new label. After a year passed and Dre still had not done anything with Eve, her contract lapsed and she was back in Philadelphia.
In 1997, on a recommendation from Dre’s parent label, Interscope, New York’s Ruff Ryders record label picked Eve’s career up where it had left off with Dre. Ruff Ryders subjected Eve to writing and reciting drills to polish her raw talent. She likened the experience to boot camp, but felt she had to prove herself to them. “That’s what made me a better MC,” she told Newsweek. Her skills refined, Eve appeared on the Ruff Ryders Ryde or Die album. In 1999, she released her first solo album, Let There Be Eve: Ruff Ryders’ First Lady. Although Entertainment Weekly critic David Browne found that Let There Be Eve “wasn’t the knockout it was supposed to be,” he wrote, he admitted that “unlike most of her peers, … [Eve] radiated power.”
Born Eve Jihan Jeffers c. 1979, in Philadelphia, PA.
Rapped under the name Eve of Destruction as a teenager; signed with Dr. Dre’s Aftermath record label, 1996; signed to Ruff Ryders record label, 1997; released Let There Be Eve: Ruff Ryders’ First Lady, 1999; appeared on Ruff Ryders/Cash Money tour, 2000; released Scorpion, 2001.
Addresses: Record company —Interscope Records, 2220 Colorado Ave., 3rd Floor, Santa Monica, CA 90404, website: http://www.interscoperecords.com.
The record-buying public agreed that Eve was at least a powerful record-selling force; Let There Be Eve had sold more than two million copies as of 2001. Hip-hop fans adored Eve’s throaty voice, tough persona, and empowered lyrics. “I just want women to know how strong they are,” she told Time.
Another of Eve’s strengths was that where other female rappers were using blatant sexuality as a tool to compete with the men of hip-hop, Eve refrained, relying solely on her skills. Though she did work a brief, difficult stint as a stripper, “Eve plans not to seduce Adam but to beguile him,” wrote Marie Elsie St. Leger in People. Time writer Christopher John Farley noted that hard-core rappers Foxy Brown and Lil Kim “compete with male rappers by using sex as a weapon. Eve has found a balance: she’s tough enough to run with the big dogs and sensitive enough to hug a small one.” Let There Be Eve, he continued, “established her persona—sexy but not pornographic, in your face but somewhat introspective.”
The release launched the meteoric rise of Eve. Suddenly a double-platinum-selling recording artist, her life changed virtually overnight. She underestimated the drain that touring, publicity, and her other professional responsibilities would have on herself and her personal relationships. On the Ruff Ryder/Cash Money three-month, 30-city tour in 2000, Eve thought it would be fun to take along a few girlfriends. Little did she know that when she stepped offstage exhausted every night, her friends would be ready to party. Her friendships suffered. Though she made a strong showing on the tour and audiences loved her, the offstage pressures proved too much. Eve left the tour prematurely and later admitted the period after the release of Let There Be Eve took a toll on her. The trials of success she faced over the next two years even resulted in a mild depression. “Anybody who tells you that they haven’t been depressed their first time out is lying,” she told Billboard.
In preparation for her second release, Eve underwent a subtle makeover. Irritated by criticism of her weight, she lost about ten pounds. Stylist Kithe Brewster became her constant companion, overseeing the artist’s fashion choices, which became all top-designer. Leading designers like Chanel and Gucci welcomed Eve to choose freely from their lines of high-priced, high-fashion clothing, relishing the media coverage they would receive when the star wore their fashions to high-profile events.
Many artists don’t live up to the hype of their first release and Eve clearly felt the pressure was on for her critical follow-up album. “It was harder,” Eve admitted in Vibe. “But I try not to think about the pressure.” The young artist’s personal changes affected the process as well. “It’s all about growing up,” Ruff Ryders’ co-CEO Chivon Dean pointedout in Vibe. “Eve’s a young woman, and young women go through changes. She was only 20 when she came to us. There’s more maturity now.”
Critics agreed that Scorpion, released in 2001, showcased a broader range of musical styles and was a strong second release. Browne cited the record’s roots in “hard-core stomp, rhymes, boasts, and slams.” But Scorpion also incorporated Latin horns, reggae sounds on a cover of “No, No, No,” co-produced with legendary reggae artist Bob Marley’s son Stephen, and gospel, heard on the duet with 1980s R&B diva Teena Marie called “Life is So Hard.” In addition to cameos by Da Brat and fellow Ruff Ryder labelmate DMX, rock band No Doubt’s Gwen Stefani made an appearance on “Let Me Blow Ya Mind.” Former mentor Dr. Dre reappeared as producer on two of the record’s tracks. When Scorpion was released, Browne called it “more than just a dramatic improvement over its predecessor… Scorpion pumps up the volume, the rhythms, everything.” One of the record’s strengths cited in several reviews was Eve’s exploration of her singing voice in addition to her rapping skills. It was a risk for her to sing, wrote critic Dmitri Ehrlich in Interview, but one from which Eve emerged as “tentative but credible.” Scorpion has been proven both a critical and popular success; the album was certified platinum in May of 2001.
Eve’s second release reflected more of her own creative vision than her first. Songs like “Love is Blind” and “Heaven Only Knows” on Let There Be Eve led Entertainment Weekly writer Barry Walters to criticize Eve as an artist “struggling to shake a gang mentality.” It was clearly a criticism Eve heard, because on Scorpion, she demanded more creative control. “Before, the lyrics were mine, but the vision was pretty much theirs [Ruff Ryders],” she told Newsweek. “After that, I promised myself I would never make a song about shooting, robbing, anything like that, ‘cause it’s not me.” Ehrlich wrote that on Scorpion, Eve demonstrated that hip-hop has a “human, vulnerable side.” “I just do what I feel,” Eve said in an interview with Jet. “I do exactly what comes from my mind and from my heart. I would say it’s more reality than a lot of rap that’s out.” Scorpion was proof that Eve’s vision was right on. “Her intensity never flags,” wrote St. Leger, and declared the release “a hip-hop tour de force.”
(Contributor) Bulworth (soundtrack), Interscope, 1998.
(Contributor) Ryde or Die Vol. 1, Ruff Ryders/lnterscope, 1999.
Let There Be Eve: Ruff Ryders’ First Lady, Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 1999.
Scorpion, Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 2001.
Billboard, February 10, 2001.
Entertainment Weekly, October 8, 1999, p. 72; March 9, 2001, p. 78.
Interview, November 2000, p. 155; April 2001, p. 80.
Jet, April 9, 2001, p. 58.
Newsweek, March 12, 2001, p. 70.
People, March 19, 2001, p. 41.
Time, March 19, 2001, p. 74.
USA Today, March 6, 2001.
Vibe, March 2001.
“Eve,” All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (May 31, 2001).
Record Industry Association of America, http://www.riaa.com (August 30, 2001).
Ruff Ryders Records, http://www.ruffryders2000.com (May 31, 2001).
"Eve." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/eve
"Eve." Contemporary Musicians. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/eve
(Eve of Destruction, Gangsta, E. Jeffers)
Full name, Eve Jihan Jeffers; born November 10, 1978, in Philadelphia, PA; daughter of Jerry Jeffers (a chemical plant supervisor) and Julia Wilch (a publishing company supervisor).
Addresses: Agent—David Park, United Talent Agency, 9560 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500, Beverly Hills, CA 90212. Manager—Sanctuary Artist Management, 9255 Sunset Blvd., Suite 200, Los Angeles, CA 90069; David Schiff, Schiff Co., 9560 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 500, Beverly Hills, CA 90212. Publicist—Monique Huey, PMK/HBH Public Relations, 8500 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 700, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.
Career: Actress, producer, singer, and lyricist. Rap music performer, as Eve of Destruction; performed with EDJP as Gangsta and as master of ceremonies for local rap concerts; also toured with other performers. Fetish by Eve (clothing and accessory line), creator, 2004; model, including work for Tommy Hilfiger; appeared in commercials for Clarica, 2002, Pepsi soft drinks, 2005, and other products. Worked briefly as a stripper.
Awards, Honors: Grammy Award, best rap/song collaboration, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, and MTV Video Music Award, both with Gwen Stefani, 2001, for "Let Me Blow Ya Mind;" Image Award nomination, outstanding supporting actress in a motion picture, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, MTV Movie Award nomination, breakthrough female performance, and Teen Choice Award nomination, choice female movie breakout star, all 2003, for Barbershop; Teen Choice Award nominations, choice female breakout television star and choice television actress in a comedy, both 2004, for Eve; Black Reel Award nomination, best actress in an independent film, 2005, for The Woodsman; Gold record certification, Recording Industry Association of America, for Let There Be … Eve: Ruff Ryder's First Lady; and platinum record certification, for Scorpion.
Backstage, Dimension Films, 2000.
Terri Jones, Barbershop, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 2002.
J. J., xXx (also known as Triple X), 2002.
Herself, Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle, Columbia, 2003.
Swank XXX #1, Swank Digital, 2004.
Mary-Kay, The Woodsman, Newmarket Films, 2004.
Terri Jones, Barbershop 2: Back in Business, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 2004.
Becky, The Cookout, Lions Gate Films, 2004.
Film Work; Song Performer:
"Eve of Destruction," Bulworth, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1998.
(As E. Jeffers) "Move Right Now," Any Given Sunday, Warner Bros., 1999.
"Let Go (Hit the Dance Floor)," Bringing Down the House, Buena Vista, 2003.
"Your Love (L.O.V.E. Reggae Mix)," 50 First Dates, Sony Pictures Releasing, 2004.
Television Appearances; Series:
Michelle "Shelly" Penelope Williams, Eve, UPN, 2003.
Television Appearances; Specials:
MTV Fashionably Loud: Miami, MTV, 1999.
One Love: The Bob Marley All-Star Tribute, TNT, 1999.
@MTV with Eve, MTV, 2000.
Interviewee, TRL Uncensored, MTV, 2000.
Teen People's 25 Hottest Stars under 25, ABC, 2000.
MTV Video Music Awards Opening Act, MTV, 2001.
Billboard's Rock 'n' Roll New Year's Eve, Fox, 2001.
Spring Bling 2001: Beach Towel Throwdown II, Black Entertainment Television, 2001.
NFC team member, Rock'n Jock Super Bowl XXXV, MTV, 2001.
The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show, CBS, 2003.
Presenter, VH1 Big in '03, VH1, 2003.
Interviewee, Snoop to the Extreme, MTV, 2003.
The 6th Annual Sears Soul Train Christmas Starfest, UPN, 2003.
Interviewee, Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott: The E! True Hollywood Story, E! Entertainment Television, 2004.
VH1 Divas 2004, VH1, 2004.
Interviewee, Maxim Hot 100, VH1, 2004.
Television Appearances; Episodic:
Contestant, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, ABC, 2001.
Yvette Powell, "Second Changes," Third Watch, NBC, 2003.
Cheyenne Tate and the Talon, "Keeping Secrets," Spider-Man, MTV, 2003.
Ida, "It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad Hip Hop World," One on One, UPN, 2004.
"Bling It On," The Apprentice 3, NBC, 2005.
Appeared in "Becoming Eve," an episode of Becoming; also interviewee for an episode of MTV20: Grab the Mic—A Hip-Hop History, MTV.
Television Guest Appearances; Episodic:
Late Night with Conan O'Brien, NBC, 1999.
Soul Train, 1999, 2000, 2004.
"Who's That Girl?," Making the Video, MTV, 2001.
Saturday Night Live, NBC, 2001, 2002, 2005.
"Gangsta Love," Making the Video, MTV, 2002.
Top of the Pops, 2002.
Substitute host, TRL, 2002.
The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, 2002.
The Late Late Show with Craig Kilborn, CBS, 2002, 2003, 2004.
Late Show with David Letterman, CBS, 2002, 2004.
Tinseltown TV, International Channel, 2003.
Jimmy Kimmel Live, 2003.
"Not Today," Making the Video, MTV, 2003.
"Inside XIII," X-Play, 2003.
Ellen: The Ellen DeGeneres Show, syndicated, 2003, 2004.
"Triple Threats," Real Access, 2004.
The View, ABC, 2004.
Last Call with Carson Daly, NBC, 2004.
The Wayne Brady Show, syndicated, 2004.
Punk'd, MTV, 2004.
Live with Regis and Kathie Lee, syndicated, 2004.
On Air with Ryan Seacrest, 2004.
Ant & Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway, ITV (England), 2005.
CD:UK, ITV, 2005.
Good Morning America, ABC, 2005.
Also appeared in "Satisfaction," an episode of Access Granted.
Television Appearances; Awards Presentations:
The Annual Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards, syndicated, 1999, 2000, 2001.
Presenter, The 27th Annual American Music Awards, ABC, 2000.
Presenter, The 2000 Radio Music Awards, ABC, 2000.
Presenter, The MTV Video Music Awards, MTV, 2000, 2001.
Essence Awards, Fox, 2001.
1st Annual BET Awards, Black Entertainment Television, 2001.
Presenter, The 2001 Billboard Music Awards, Fox, 2001.
The Teen Choice Awards 2001, 2001.
The 14th Annual Nickelodeon Kids Choice Awards, Nickelodeon, 2001.
Young Hollywood Awards, 2003.
Presenter, The 45th Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 2003.
The 34th NAACP Image Awards, Fox, 2003.
2003 Vibe Awards: Beats, Style, Flavor, UPN, 2003.
The Second Annual Vibe Awards, UPN, 2004.
Presenter, The 2004 Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards, E! Entertainment Television, 2004.
Presenter, The 2004 MTV Movie Awards, MTV, 2004.
The 47th Annual Grammy Awards, CBS, 2005.
Television Appearances; Miniseries:
Herself (in archive footage), And You Don't Stop: 30 Years of Hip-Hop, VH1, 2004.
Television Work; Series:
Co-executive producer, Eve, UPN, 2003.
(Contributor) Bulworth (film soundtrack recording), Interscope, 1998.
Let There Be … Eve: Ruff Ryder's First Lady, Ruff Ryders/Interscope/Universal, 1999.
(Contributor) Ryde or Die, Vol. 1., Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 1999.
Scorpion, Ruff Riders/Interscope/Universal, 2001.
Eve-Olution, Ruff Ryders/Interscope/Universal, 2002.
Hip-Hop VIPs, 2002.
Scarface: Origins of a Hip Hop Classic (also known as Def Jam Presents … Origins of a Hip Hop Classic), Universal Studios Home Video, 2003.
Voice of Major Jones, XIII (video game), Ubi Soft Entertainment, 2003.
Female American Rap Stars, Ardustry Home Entertainment, 2004.
Appeared in music videos, including "Get Ur Freak On" by Missy Elliott, 2001; "Girlfriend/Boyfriend" by Black-street; "Gossip Folks" by Missy Elliott; "How's It Goin' Down" by DMX; "No Pigeons" by Sporty Thieves; "Rich Girl" by Gwen Stefani; and "Will 2K" by Will Smith.
Songs Featured in Films:
"Eve of Destruction," Bulworth, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1998.
(As E. Jeffers) "Move Right Now," Any Given Sunday, Warner Bros., 1999.
(As E. Jeffers) "Let Me Be," Nutty Professor II: The Klumps (also known as The Klumps), Universal, 2000.
Barbershop, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, 2002.
"Let Go (Hit the Dance Floor)," Bringing Down the House, Buena Vista, 2003.
Contemporary Black Biography, Volume 29, Gale, 2001.
Contemporary Musicians, Volume 34, Gale, 2002.
Newsmakers, Issue 3, Gale, 2004.
Allure, July, 2003, pp. 158-161, 164.
Computer Games, January, 2004 p. 28.
Entertainment Weekly, October 8, 1999, p. 72; March 9, 2001, p. 78; September 20, 2002.
Interview, November, 2000, p. 155; April, 2001, p. 80; September, 2002, p. 192.
Jet, April 9, 2001, p. 58; November 10, 2003, p. 60.
Newsweek, March 12, 2001, p. 70; September 2, 2002, p. 60.
People Weekly, September 9, 2002, p. 39; September 23, 2002, p. 204; November 17, 2003, p. 38; December 15, 2003, p. 144; February 16, 2004, p. 27.
Rolling Stone, October 14, 1999, pp. 119-120; March 29, 2001, p. 64; July 5, 2001, pp. 58-60; December 6, 2001, p. 124.
Teen People, December 1, 2002, p. 88.
USA Today, March 6, 2001.
Variety, September 1, 2003, p. S18.
Vibe, February, 2001.
"Eve 1978–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/eve-1978
"Eve 1978–." Contemporary Theatre, Film and Television. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/eve-1978
Born: Eve Jihan Jeffers; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 10 November 1978
Best-selling album since 1990: Eve: Ruff Ryders' First Lady (1999)
Hit songs since 1990: "Gangsta Lovin'," "Let Me Blow Ya Mind"
Female rappers have long had a tougher road to success than men in the male-dominated industry, but the career path of Eve Jeffers was even more difficult given her surroundings. One of the few women in the macho New York rap collective Ruff Ryders, Eve not only rose above the rigors of the rap business, but she also became a superstar with a mixture of street-tough rhymes, soulful singing, and fashion-savvy panache, earning the nickname "pit bull in a skirt."
An award-winning short story writer by the third grade, Philadelphia's Eve Jihan Jeffers performed in local talent shows as a teenager with the all-girl singing group Dope Girl Posse in the mid-1990s, later performing in the female R&B group EDJP (pronounced Egypt). After splitting from the quintet and adopting the name Eve of Destruction, Eve practically dropped out of high school to hone her rapping skills, gaining notice on the local scene for her skills at talent shows and as a warm-up act for local hip-hop concerts. While working briefly as a dancer at an adult club in New York in the late 1990s, Eve was reportedly encouraged by one of the patrons (retired rapper Ma$e) to consider a career in hip-hop.
A short time later a friend arranged for her to have an impromptu audition for the legendary rapper/producer Dr. Dre, who liked Eve's rapping enough to sign her to a one-year contract with his label, Aftermath. Though her contract expired before she was able to record an album for the label, Eve did complete the song "Eve of Destruction" for the soundtrack to the Warren Beatty comedy Bulworth (1998). While in Los Angeles working with Dre, Eve made the acquaintance of the up-and-coming rapper DMX, with whom she kept in touch after her return to Philadelphia, often traveling to New York to spend time with the rapper and his crew, dubbed the Ruff Ryders.
In 1999, Eve became the first female artist signed to the male-dominated, testosterone-heavy label, also named Ruff Ryders, appearing on their first multi-artist compilation, Ryde or Die Vol. 1 (1999), and releasing her solo debut, Eve: Ruff Ryders First Lady, five months later. The number one-charting album mixes gritty, profane, boast-heavy rapping with girlish, sweet pop choruses on the breakout hit "Gotta Man."
Not content to be the token female in a male crew, Eve took control of her career, co-writing all of the album's songs and developing a distinctive style that melded tough-as-nails rapping ("Tried to break us / But we broke through / Got the job done") with controlled, come-hither singing ("Ain't Got No Dough"). The album also features a strong feminist vibe, with Eve vowing to avenge a battered friend in "Love Is Blind," which alternates the rapper's blunt rhymes with her mellifluous R&B singing on the chorus.
The formula was one that Eve would use to great effect, not just in her singing, but also in her appearance. While sporting close-cropped, dyed blonde hair and a pair of menacing tiger paw tattoos above her breasts, Eve was frequently dressed in high fashion ensembles and tasteful makeup, earning her another distinction as "a gangsta and a lady." This image was contrary to such other successful female rappers as Lil' Kim and Foxy Brown, who gained popularity through a mix of sexually explicit lyrics and revealing clothing. Eve's debut went on to sell more than 2 million copies, a bona fide hit for a first album.
Eve Blows Minds with Hit Single
While Scorpion (2001) featured a number of raw, biting tracks, it was a duet, "Let Me Blow Ya Mind," with a pop singer, No Doubt's Gwen Stefani, which thrust the rapper into superstar status. Over a slinky funk beat that ranks among Dre's classic productions, Eve raps about people who put on airs, while Stefani adds a sing-songy rhythm and blues chorus. The hit song was accompanied by a very popular music video and gained a wider audience for the rapper.
In "Cowboy," Eve, rapping over a country-western beat, strikes out at people who would denigrate her skills; "You Had Me, You Lost Me" aims for revenge over rock and roll guitars. The album features a wide range of styles (Latin horns, reggae) and guest vocalists, from funk singer Teena Marie to rappers DMX, Da Brat, Drag-On, Trina, the LOX, and reggae singers Damian and Stephen Marley.
Like many hip-hop artists, Eve longed for more than music stardom; she branched out into the movies in 2002 with well-received supporting roles in the action drama XXX and the comedy Barbershop. Focusing more on smooth R&B than hard-core rapping, Eve-Olution (2002) presents a shift in direction for Eve. Though still possessing a stinging, in-your-face rhyme style, Eve embellishes more of her third album's tracks with seductive rhythm and blues beats and choruses, singing as much as rapping and featuring scaled-back cameos from guest rappers.
In the fashion of her hit with Stefani, the alluring hip-hop/pop song "Gangsta Lovin'" is a duet with the hot rhythm and blues performer Alicia Keys singing a seductive chorus to Eve's smoothly delivered boasts. Both "Irresistible Chick" and "Satisfaction" hark back to old-school hip-hop with simple, bouncy rhythms and elemental funk bass and guitar lines. On the latter, Eve sings a bewitching, girlish chorus in which she vows never to go back to her former financially strapped state: "Anything I want, I'ma get it cuz you know I need it / . . . Gotta have it, bet I'm gonna grab it."
With poise and grace the Philadelphia rapper Eve catapulted from struggling musician to world-renowned pop star and high-fashion jet setter in just a few years. Her combination of rough-and-ready lyrics, classic beauty, and spirited feminism proved that although sex can sell, sometimes strength is sexier.
Eve: Ruff Ryders' First Lady (Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 1999); Scorpion (Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 2001); Eve-Olution (Ruff Ryders/Interscope, 2002).
"Eve." Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
"Eve." Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
In Islam the wife of Adam is mentioned in the Qurʾān, but not by name. Further details, including the name Eve (Arab., Hawwāʾ), are given in legends, probably from Rabbinic and Syriac sources. Ḥawwāʾ died two years after Adam and was buried beside him at Mecca.
"Eve." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
"Eve." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
"Eve." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eve-0
"Eve." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eve-0
eve / ēv/ • n. the day or period of time immediately before an event or occasion: on the eve of her departure he gave her a little parcel. ∎ the evening or day before a religious festival: the service for Passover eve. ∎ chiefly poetic/lit. evening: a bitter winter's eve.
"eve." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-2
"eve." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-2
Eve (in the Bible)
Eve [Heb.,=life], in the Bible, the first woman, wife of Adam and the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth. Fashioned from Adam's rib, she was beguiled by the serpent into eating the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge. Eve then tempted Adam to eat, whereupon they were banished from the Garden of Eden. See also Lilith.
"Eve (in the Bible)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eve-bible
"Eve (in the Bible)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eve-bible
See also African Eve hypothesis.
"Eve." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
"Eve." The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve
"eve." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-3
"eve." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-3
Eve / ēv/ (in the Bible) the first woman, wife of Adam and mother of Cain and Abel.
"Eve." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-1
"Eve." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-1
"eve." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-0
"eve." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved May 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/eve-0