Skip to main content
Select Source:

Queiroz, José Maria Eça de

José Maria Eça de Queiroz (zhŏŏzĕ´ mərē´ə ā´sə dĬ kārŏŏz´), 1845–1900, Portuguese writer. Trained in law, he moved to Lisbon in 1866 and was part of a group devoted to a literature that would promote social change. He was in Portugal's foreign service and served as consul in Havana, two English cities, and Paris. Fundamentally cosmopolitan in attitude, he became an ardent admirer of French culture. Influenced by both romanticism and Flaubert's naturalism, he is generally considered Portugal's greatest novelist. O crime do Padre Amaro (1876; tr., The Sin of Father Amaro, 1962, 2003) and his masterpiece Os Maias (1888; tr., The Maias, 1965, 2007) are marked by ironic portrayals of corruption among the clergy and in high society. Characteristic of Eça de Queiroz's 12 novels are sparkling description, profound character analysis, and an absence of the long oratorical sentence traditional in Portuguese prose. His other major novels are The Illustrious Ramires Family (1900, tr. 1968) and The City and the Mountains (1901, tr. 1956). His short stories, essays, and letters exhibit his urbanity and skeptical humor.

See A. Coleman, Eça de Queiroz and European Realism (1980); study by I. Stern in European Writers: The Romantic Century, ed. by G. Stade (1985).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Queiroz, José Maria Eça de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Queiroz, José Maria Eça de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/queiroz-jose-maria-eca-de

"Queiroz, José Maria Eça de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/queiroz-jose-maria-eca-de

Eça de Queiroz, José Maria

José Maria Eça de Queiroz: see Queiroz, José Maria Eça de.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Eça de Queiroz, José Maria." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Eça de Queiroz, José Maria." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eca-de-queiroz-jose-maria

"Eça de Queiroz, José Maria." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/eca-de-queiroz-jose-maria