Heavy metal band
Combining social consciousness and non-sexist lyrics with high-energy and guitar-oriented music, Queensrÿche has become known as an intellectual heavy metal band. Seattle youths Chris DeGarmo, Eddie Jackson, Scott Rockenfield, Geoff Tate, and Michael Wilton formed Queensrÿche as teenagers in 1983 with a definite agenda in mind: turning their strong passion for playing music into an original heavy metal band. Since then the group has pursued their musical dreams with as much passion as their playing. After spending years as opening acts for other bands, Queensrÿche released their ambitious 1988 concept album Operation: Mindcrime, which won critical and popular acclaim and was compared to the Who’s Tommy and Pink Floyd’s The Wall. Queensrÿche went on to headline their own concerts, bringing their progressive heavy metal music to sold-out audiences.
Queensrÿche started when DeGarmo and Wilton united with the intention of creating an original band. Many hours of jam sessions went into developing a unique brand of guitar playing. Wilton had briefly attended the
Members include Chris DeGarmo (born c. 1965), guitar; Eddie Jackson, bass; Scott Rockenfield, drums; Geoff Tate, vocals, keyboard; and Michael Wilton (born c. 1965; attended Cornish Institute of Allied Arts, Seattle, WA), guitar.
Group formed in 1981 in Seattle; toured Japan, Europe, and the U.S. as opening act for artists such as Ozzy Osboume, Kiss, Iron Maiden, Def Leppard, AC/DC, Metallica, Quiet Riot, and Dio, c. 1983-91; toured U.S. as headliners, 1991—.
Awards: Gold record for Operation: Mindcrime, 1988; double-platinum record for Empire, 1990.
Addresses: Management—Q Prime, Inc., P.O. Box 3070 Uptown, Hoboken, NJ 07030.
Cornish Institute of Allied Arts in Seattle, Washington, studying music theory, among other subjects. “I can attribute a lot of the obscure [musical] things that I do to some of the things that I learned at that college, like how to play… all these really different, weird African tribal rhythms and everything,” Wilton told Steve Peters in Guitar Player. “It made me see things in a different light. I don’t know if it actually makes me play any better, but knowledge never hurts. It helps for musicians to accept different forms of music and see the values in them.”
Wilton and DeGarmo were meticulous about putting the band together. Both were serious about music, and they wanted the other members to have the same commitment. “We were looking for people who shared the same sort of passion, who were willing to stick it out to get there,” DeGarmo proclaimed to Daina Darzin in Spin. The other members chosen were vocalist Tate, bassist Jackson, and drummer Rockenfield. The band has kept these original members throughout it’s career.
Beginning in the early 1980s, the hard-working band began to see some success and performed as opening acts for more established groups like Iron Maiden, AC/DC, and Def Leppard. The work was difficult and, inevitably, frustrating. “Basically, you’re just trying to not get things thrown at you,” Tate was reported as saying in Spin. Tate also felt that their message was not connecting with the hyped-up fans. “It’s difficult when your lyrics are going over people’s heads, when the audience is going, ‘What are these guys talking about?”’
Around the time of Queensrÿche’s album Rage for Order, the band decided to try a new strategy: market a visual image. It was a decided departure for the no frills rock and rollers. Creating a gothic vampire image achieved using layers of lacquered hairspray and thick makeup, the band took to the stage. Tate admitted in Spin that “we failed miserably.” In addition, their record failed to sell.
For a while it seemed that Queensrÿche would be forever assigned to the job of opening act. They had played for some of the biggest names in the heavy metal world, but they seemed to be relegated to the role of bridesmaid. That changed in 1988 with the release of their album Operation: Mindcrime. Peters, writing in Guitar Player, called the record “a chilling tale of brainwashing with distinct Orwellian overtones.” Built as an “aural film” about a political assassin, with references to government scandal and lying that made reference to behavior in President Ronald Reagan’s administration, the album fell into the favor of fans, going gold within four days of its release. Critics likewise paid attention, calling the band progressive and dubbing them the “thinking man’s metal band.”
While some might have considered this description to have a negative impact on the heavy metal circle— where superficiality and glitz often reign supreme— Queensrÿche was generally pleased with the label. “We don’t try to ram messages down people’s throats,” DeGarmo explained in Guitar Player. “We just bring up things we’re interested in and hope that people will think about it a little bit. We’re just trying to promote some thinking.” Wilton concurred in the same article, saying that “we try to write music that reflects the information we’re absorbing at that point in our lives. We’re like human sponges: That’s why some songs have social impact.”
A well-played video for the single “Eyes of a Stranger” and an opportunity to host MTV’s heavy metal showcase, the “Headbanger’s Ball,” also increased the visibility and popularity of the quintet. “Silent Lucidity,” a ballad, became a top-ten single. Record label EMI’s vice president of marketing Robert Smith commented in Billboard that with Operation: Mindcrime “Queensrÿche has lifted itself from opening-act status to a powerful headliner role.”
The band found it difficult to come up with an album to follow the success of Operation: Mindcrime. “We decided that everybody was trying to do sequels, in the movie business as well as the music business,” Wilton commented in Guitar Player. “That probably would have been the easy way out, but we decided to do something completely different…. We didn’t want to be labelled a concept band.”
The next album proved definitively that Queensrÿche was not a concept band and at the same time put them over the commercial edge. Empire, released in 1990, was a more personal look at the world. The title track examined the problems of gang crime in Seattle. “It’s about how tough it is for kids to find something to do with their lives when they’re tempted with all the big bucks they can make selling drugs,” Tate explained in Spin. “Resistance” mourned the excessive cancer rate around the former Hanford nuclear plant in the state of Washington. And the story of a homeless woman was sung on “Delia Brown.” Empire was a resounding success, going double platinum. Following its release, the band took their first headline tour of American arenas in 1991, playing to virtually sold-out crowds.
Though Queensrÿche has a distinctive sound, they change themes and techniques with every album. Asked if this created any stress on their band, DeGarmo replied in Guitar Player: “The band’s open-mindedness has allowed for diversity among albums…. We’re trying to paint an atmosphere with each song, and I always try to get different sounds out of a guitar.” In fact, this ability to change their themes and sounds has accounted for much of the group’s popularity; Wilton feels that it is what distinguished them from other bands in their field. “We’ve put ourselves in more of a universal category,” he related in Guitar Player. “I don’t consider us a heavy metal band; we’re more adventurous. We tend to experiment…. We’re not afraid to do that for the sake of keeping an image, because I don’t think we really have an image. Our music is the image, and we feel we need to keep the music fresh and interesting.”
Grateful for their success, Queensrÿche is happy that they didn’t have to alter their approach, or “sell out,” to achieve prominence. “We’re fortunate that just being patient and persistent has finally paid off,” DeGarmo told Guitar Player. “We’re also happy that we’ve stuck to our method of madness. We haven’t had to alter the game plan too radically to get there.”
Queensrÿche (EP), 1983.
The Warning, EMI, 1984.
Rage for Order, EMI, 1986.
Operation: Mindcrime, EMI, 1988.
Empire, EMI, 1990.
Operation: LIVEcrime, EMI, 1991.
Billboard, August 16, 1986; June 10, 1989.
Guitar Player, November 1991.
Melody Maker, November 17, 1984.
Spin, June 1991.
"Queensrÿche." Contemporary Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/queensryche
"Queensrÿche." Contemporary Musicians. . Retrieved January 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/queensryche
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
Formed: 1981, Bellevue, Washington
Members: Chris DeGarmo, guitars (born Wenatchee, Washington, 14 June 1963)—in band from 1981–1998; Kelly Gray, guitar; Eddie Jackson, bass (born Robstown, Texas, 29 January 1961); Scott Rockenfield, drums, percussion (born Seattle, Washington, 15 June 1963); Geoff Tate, vocals (born Stuttgart, West Germany, 14 January 1959); Michael Wilton, guitars (born San Francisco, California, 23 February 1962).
Genre: Heavy Metal, Rock
Best-selling album since 1990: Empire (1990)
Hit songs since 1990: "Silent Lucidity," "Jet City Woman," "Bridge"
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Queensrÿche became one of the most successful and enduring forces in progressive heavy metal. With Geoff Tate's operatic vocals, complex, minor-key guitar progressions, and gothic harmonies, choirs, and orchestrations, the group conjured dark images of despair, unrest, and rebellion. Coupled with social and political commentary, they amassed a large cult following by the late 1980s. Their greatest commercial successes, though, came in the early 1990s with softer love songs. Despite broadening their fan base temporarily, Queensrÿche remained relevant throughout the decade by returning to their heavier sound.
In 1981, at a time when many guitar-heavy acts were making lighthearted music about sex and partying, some progressive bands were continuing in the more cerebral direction of Judas Priest. That year, in the Seattle, Washington, suburb of Bellevue, guitarists Chris DeGarmo and Michael Wilton decided to form a band that leaned towards the latter. By recruiting their high school friend Geoff Tate, who possessed tremendous vocal strength comparable to Judas Priest's Rob Halford and Iron Maiden's Bruce Dickinson, they solidified their chances to compete with those heavyweights. Eddie Jackson, another friend, and drummer Scott Rockenfield, a neighbor, rounded out their lineup.
The band eventually signed to EMI records and released the albums Queensrÿche (1983), The Warning (1984), and Rage for Order (1986). Each release was increasingly accomplished, and their popularity grew. Then, in 1988, they unleashed the concept album masterpiece Operation: Mindcrime. The lyrics describe a main character whose disillusionment with Reagan-era America leads him to an anarchist group. The group convinces him to assassinate religious and political leaders as a romantic subplot develops. A major underground success, the album spent a year on the Billboard 200 and sold more than 1 million copies.
With its commentary on drug-related gang wars, the ominous first single and title track from Empire (1990) suggests that Queensrÿche were picking up where they left off with Mindcrime. Much of the album, though, is slicker and more accessible than their previous work. The harder-edged heavier singles, "Empire" and "Best I Can," were minor hits, but the lighter, latter releases—"Jet City Woman," "Another Rainy Night (Without You)," and the majestic, orchestral ballad "Silent Lucidity"—were bigger. "Silent Lucidity" received heavy airplay on MTV and mainstream rock radio, and eventually crossed over to become a Top 10 pop hit. Propelled by six charting singles, the album sold more than 3 million copies and became the band's greatest commercial success.
On their 1991 Building Empires Tour, Queensrÿche bravely chose to downplay the album that made them famous. Though songs from Empire and earlier work were played, the focus of each set was the performance of Operation: Mindcrime in its entirety, accompanied by related visuals on giant screens. In October Operation: Livecrime was released on video and CD. The decision to cater to core fans was the key element to the group's survival throughout the decade.
By the end of the year, their hometown of Seattle produced the no-frills grunge revolution, which overturned the regime of heavy metal excess. In the ensuing years, many pop-metal contemporaries unsuccessfully attempted to acclimate to the changing rock landscape; others quit or were dropped from their major label deals. By taking time off and reverting to their more progressive, Mindcrime- era sound with the eventual release of Promised Land (1994), Queensrÿche remained vital. The album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and sold 1 million copies. Though the band's popularity slowly decreased throughout the latter half of the decade, their songs continued to receive modest radio play. Their next albums, Hear in the Now Frontier (1997) and Q2K (1999) garnered decent sales.
With intellectual and challenging music, Queensrÿche emerged as one of the most distinctive metal bands of the 1980s and 1990s. The group sustained a lengthy career by maintaining a consistent sound before and after a brief venture into the mainstream.
Rage for Order (EMI America, 1986); Operation: Mindcrime (EMI America, 1988); Empire (Capitol, 1990); Promised Land (Capitol, 1994).
"Queensrÿche." Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queensryche
"Queensrÿche." Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Popular Musicians Since 1990. . Retrieved January 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queensryche