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Queen

Queen

Rock group

Following their debut in 1973, Queen, a completely different sort of band, was hailed as "a fresh, new breeze into the world of rock." The English group became best known for their flamboyant lead singer, the late Freddie Mercury, whose dramatic vocal style and outrageous onstage antics formed much of the band's reputation and personalitydeservedly or not. Often overlooked are the band's considerable musical skill and their talent for songwritingthe original four members of Queen were responsible for an impressively imaginative and diverse body of work that included such songs as the ingenious operatic experiment "Bohemian Rhapsody," the harmonic "Somebody to Love," the playful "Fat Bottom Girls," the cocky "We Will Rock You/We Are the Champions," the rhythmic "Crazy Little Thing Called Love," and what became a popular football stadium anthem, "Another One Bites the Dust."

Formed in 1971, Queen's lineup included guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor, both former members of the band Smile, bass player John Deacon, and Mercury. After a short time spent in rehearsal, the group began their search for a record company in 1973 and signed almost immediately with EMI. Their self-titled first album sold extremely well in both Britain and the United States, and their second album, Queen II, yielded the British top-ten single "Seven Seas of Rhye." Queen's big breakthrough in the United States came in late 1974 with Sheer Heart Attack a best-selling album containing the top-ten single "Killer Queen." Their successful tour season met with mixed criticism. One writer for the New York Times introduced them as "a British quartet still subscribing to the principles of blitzkrieg rock," referring to the group's lavish production values, and commented that though their music was "scarcely superoriginal," the band evidently "touched a responsive chord that should allow Queen to reign quite happily in this area."

The following year the group hit number one in the United States with the remarkable A Night at the Opera album featuring Taylor's amusing "I'm in Love with My Car," Deacon's catchy "You're My Best Friend," and two of May's sensitive and often overlooked tunes, the time-travel-inspired ballad "'39" and the more delightful fantasy fare of "The Prophet's Song." The album also spawned a major worldwide hit in "Bohemian Rhapsody"an unprecedented six-minute cut that mingled "introspection with Gilbert and Sullivan operatics," as a Time critic described it. The group followed their masterwork with another in the same vein. A Day at the Races contained Mercury's falsetto-laced "Somebody to Love," another catchy Deacon cut, "You and I," and still more gentle departures from the "blitzkrieg" rock they had been known for in May's lovely Japanese/English anthem "Teo Torriatte (Let Us Cling Together)."

Known for simply being themselves, Queen offered audiences a bravado sound coupled with a campy style that would likely have met with disdain a short decade before. As Brian May told Time, "We're not styled on anybody." And no one could successfully style themselves on Queen, who in the mid-1970s prided themselves on not using synthesizers but instead "complex overdubbings of electric guitar with varied amplifiers" which gave their albums a full orchestral sound, as the Time writer noted. Another unique feature was their use of dazzling a cappella interludes and flawless vocal harmony as in "The Prophet's Song" and "Somebody to Love." Such poetic and sensitive moments, however, were balanced by songs like "Death on Two Legs," which included such language as "You suck my blood like a leech you're a sewer rat decaying in a cesspool of pride." The group's multifaceted style was echoed by Mercury's chameleon-like vocals; as Ralph Novak of People commented, "Not many vocalists can go from sweet to abrasive as rapidly as he can."

The group's popularity increased with glowing reviews for the 1977 single release of "We Are the Champions" and the delightful rockabilly-style "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" from the 1980 album The Game, which was both a commercial success and well received by critics. "Another One Bites the Dust," a funky pseudo-rap cut, provided the group with a successful single, topping both the soul and pop charts in the United States. This departure from the heavily overdubbed and complex musical styles of earlier hits attracted a large black audience that had, for the most part, been ignoring Queen the previous decade.

Two years later, Hot Space continued the sound of "Another One Bites the Dust," devoting an entire side to funky, danceable tunes that appealed to a much broader audience than in the past. Still, the album met with mixed reviews and was their slowest seller since Queen II. A well-crafted record with an impressive compositional range and tight vocal harmonies "grafted seamlessly into [a] kinetic brew," the disk was nevertheless faulted because under the superb production the group was grinding out what Sam Sutherland in High Fidelity labeled a "noxious mix of sexual manipulation and mean spiritedness" in such cuts as "Back Chat" and "Body Language." The latter made little impact on the singles chart before vanishing entirely. Even the more melodic "Life Is Real (Song for Lennon)," a eulogy for John Lennon, was criticized by Sutherland as "cheapened by the precision with which Queen apes the vocal and keyboard timbres of 'Imagine.'"

Queen's 1984 album, The Works, fared much better than Hot Space. Layered vocals and multitracked guitars were cut out, leaving "a lean hard-rock sound, making The Works perhaps the first record to refute the maxim that the words Queen and listenable are, of necessity, mutually exclusive," as Rolling Stone contributor Parke Puterbaugh observed. The group offered such thundering tracks as "Tear It Up" and "Hammer to Fall," balanced against the more melodic "Keep Passing the Open Windows," the fifties-style "Man on The Prowl" and the harder to classify "Is This the World We Created ?," which Puterbaugh termed "an acoustic meditation on hunger and hate and generational responsibility." Despite such critical praise, the album failed to produce a top hit.

While Queen's American chart success was on the decline, the group was enjoying increasing popularity as an international stage act, rivalling the Rolling Stones and Bruce Springsteen in their drawing power. A 1981 concert in Brazil set records for the largest paying audience to see a single performance by one band, and the group's set at the 1985 Live Aid fund-raising concert was lauded by fans and critics. The band's stage performances at this time were balanced between new material and crowd pleaserseven numbers impossible to reproduce on stage, such as "Bohemian Rhapsody," whose complicated, layered, a cappella vocal section was filled in by tape as lights flicker crazily around the empty stage. Queen's notorious stage pyrotechnics had earned them a reputation as a can't-miss concert act. As May told Charles McCardell in Musician, "Somewhere in the course of the last couple of years, something clicked and we reached a new level. We weren't only a pop group anymore. We sort of got written in as one of the thing[s] people have to see."

For the Record

Members include Freddie Mercury (born Frederick Bulsara on September 8, 1946, in Zanzibar; died of complications from AIDS on November 24, 1991, in London, England), lead vocals and keyboards; Brian May (born on July 19, 1947, in Hampton, Middlesex, England), lead guitar; John Deacon (born on August 19, 1951, in Leicester, England), bass; Roger Meadows Taylor (born on July 26, 1949, in Kingslynn, Norfolk, England), drums. Education: All four members have attended universities: Mercury had a degree in graphic design and illustration; May has a degree in physics and has done graduate work in as tronomy; Taylor has a degree in biology; Deacon earned a degree in electronics with first-class honors.

Group formed in London, England, 1971; released de but album Queen, 1973; released Queen II and Sheer Heart Attack, 1974; had first number one record in the U.S. with A Night at the Opera, 1975; released The Game, which included singles "We Are the Champions" and "Another One Bites the Dust," 1980; released sev eral albums in the 1980s; released their final original album, Innuendo, 1991; Mercury died, 1991; Made in Heaven released, 1995.

Awards: Rolling Stone Reader's Poll Award, Single of the Year for "Bohemian Rhapsody," 1976; Single of the Year for "Another One Bites the Dust," 1980; Artist of the Year, 1980.

Addresses: Office The Mercury Phoenix Trust, P.O. Box 1026, Maidenhead, SL6 9FR, United Kingdom, website: http://www.mercuryphoenixtrust.com.

The band had not played a live date in the United States since 1982, however, and by the late 1980s Queen was meeting with some scathing criticism from American critics. A Kind of Magic, released in 1986, won great regard in Britain and elsewhere, but American fans were unimpressed, and the album sank back as a non-event "absolutely bankrupt of gauche imagination dominated by barren slabs of synthscape," as Rolling Stone contributor Mark Coleman commented. Taylor's "Radio Ga Ga," which placed high on the charts in nineteen countries, made it only to the sixteenth slot in the United States. Any power the group had previously demonstrated was absent on the album, replaced by what Coleman characterized as "a mechanical thud rather than a metalized threat."

The group's musical style was changing, and so were attitudes toward them. As Taylor commented, "We never tried to pander to what we feel people want. A lot of people want to hear rehashes but that would be death for us. That's really unfair, because we have changed a lot." "We really start with a clean slate each time," May similarly told McCardell. "No matter the producer, no matter the song, it's still Queen. We don't have to reproduce any formulas. And we've never had an audience that hemmed us in." Nevertheless, the band had been looking to recapture their lost American popularity. As May continued: "America now for us is an island. We have every territory around it, but we don't have that big corner of the world."

With the 1991 release of Innuendo, Queen regained some of the critical respect and radio airplay they had lost in the States. Craig Tomashoff of People, for instance, noted that Innuendo "is so over-the-top it's enjoyable," and added that "it's nice to hear this reversion to the old exaggerated ways." "There's no getting around the new album's craft," Chuck Eddy stated in Rolling Stone, for "these old entertainers sound like they've decided to stop trying so hard, like they're finally satisfied with their lot in life." And that lot, the critic concluded, is a considerable one: "Queen is well aware that its forte has always been eclectic excess for its own sake. These shameless all-time glam survivors would try anything once, and amid their messes they attained classical-kitsch pinnacles, helped invent rap music and [have been] explicitly acknowledged as an important inspiration by arty hardcore ensembles and funk-metal and industrial-drone bands alike."

Mercury failed to appear at events promoting the release of Innuendo, fueling rumors that the star rocker was seriously ill. His refusing to grant interviews or appear publicly during this time did nothing to quell the rumors, and Mercury finally admitted on November 23, 1991, that he had AIDS. "The time has now come," Mercury said in a statement quoted by Audrey Wood of the Associated Press, "for my friends and fans around the world to know the truth and I hope that everyone will join with me, my doctors and all those worldwide in the fight against this terrible disease." Mercury died the next day of pneumonia brought on by the illness.

Taking Mercury's last words to heart, the surviving members of the band, along with their manager, Jim Beach, formed an AIDS charity called the Mercury Phoenix Trust. Launched with the 1992 Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness, the fund raised millions of dollars by the 2000s to support AIDS relief and research efforts worldwide. This money included profits from the final Queen release featuring Freddie Mercury, Made in Heaven, which hit stores shelves to wide acclaim in 1995, and from sales of downloadable Queen songs made available by EMI beginning in 2003.

Selected discography

Queen, EMI, 1973.

Queen II, EMI, 1974.

Sheer Heart Attack, EMI, 1974.

A Night at the Opera, EMI, 1975.

A Day at the Races, EMI, 1976.

News of the World, EMI, 1977.

Jazz, EMI, 1978.

Live Killers, EMI, 1979.

The Game, EMI, 1980.

Flash Gordon (soundtrack), EMI, 1980.

Greatest Hits, EMI, 1981.

Hot Space, EMI, 1982.

The Works, EMI, 1984.

A Kind of Magic, Capitol, 1986.

The Miracle, Capitol, 1989.

Innuendo, Hollywood, 1991.

Made in Heaven, Hollywood, 1995.

Sources

Books

Anderson, Christopher P., The New Book of People, Perigee, 1986.

Periodicals

Associated Press, November 26, 1991.

Boston Herald, November 29, 2003, p. 35.

Coventry Evening Telegraph, November 24, 2003, p. 2.

Detroit Free Press, August 6, 1982.

High Fidelity, August 1982.

Musician, November 1986.

New York Times, May 9, 1974; February 18, 1975; February 7, 1976; February 7, 1977; December 3, 1977; November 18, 1978; January 1, 1982; July 21, 1982; July 30, 1982.

People, August 25, 1986; April 1, 1991.

Rock Express, Number 106, 1986.

Rolling Stone, January 25, 1979; April 12, 1984; October 9, 1986; March 7, 1991.

Time, February 9, 1976.

Online

"Made in Heaven," All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (February 19, 2004).

"Queen," All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (February 19, 2004).

"Introduction," Mercury Phoenix Trust, http://www.mercuryphoenixtrust.com/index2.html (February 19, 2004).

Meg Mac Donald and

Michael Belfiore

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Queen

Queen

Rock band

For the Record

Innovative Album Reached Number One

Versatility Captured New Audiences

Became International Superstars

Selected discography

Sources

Following their debut in 1973, Queen, a completely different sort of band, was hailed as a fresh, new breeze into the world of rock. The English group is perhaps best known for their flamboyant lead singer Freddie Mercury, whose dramatic vocal style and outrageous onstage antics have formed much of the bands reputation and personalitydeservedly or not. Often overlooked are the bands considerable musical skill and their talent for songwritingthe four members of Queen have been responsible for an impressively imaginative and diverse body of work that includes such songs as the ingenious operatic experiment Bohemian Rhapsody, the harmonic Somebody to Love, the playful Fat Bottom Girls, the cocky We Will Rock You/We Are the Champions, the rhythmic Crazy Little Thing Called Love, and what became a popular football stadium anthem, Another One Bites the Dust.

Formed in 1971, Queens lineup includes guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor, both former members of the band Smile, vocalist/keyboardist Freddie Mercury, and bass player John Deacon. After a short time

For the Record

Band formed in England in 1971; members include Freddie Mercury (born Frederick Bulsara, September 8, 1946, in Zanzibar), lead vocals and keyboards; Brian May (born July 19, 1947, in Hampton, Middlesex, England), lead guitar; John Deacon (born August 19, 1951, in Leicester, England), bass; and Roger Meadows Taylor (born July 26, 1949, in Kingslynn, Norfolk, England), drums. Taylor has children. All four members have attended universities: Mercury has a degree in graphic design and illustration; May has a degree in physics and has done graduate work in astronomy; Taylor has a degree in biology; and Deacon earned a degree in electronics with first-class honors.

Awards: Rolling Stone Readers Poll citations for single of the year, 1976, for Bohemian Rhapsody, and 1980, for Another One Bites the Dust, and for artist of the year, 1980.

Addresses: Record company Hollywood Records (Elektra), 75 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY 10019.

spent in rehearsal, the group began their search for a record company in 1973 and signed almost immediately with EMI. Their self-titled first album sold extremely well in both Britain and the United States, and their second album, Queen II, yielded the British top-ten single Seven Seas of Rhye. Queens big breakthrough in the United States came in 1975 with Sheer Heart Attack a best-selling album containing the top-ten single Killer Queen. Their successful tour season met with mixed criticism. One writer for the New York Times introduced them as a British quartet still subscribing to the principles of blitzkrieg rock, referring to the groups lavish production values, and commented that though their music was scarcely superoriginal, the band evidently touched a responsive chord that should allow Queen to reign quite happily in this area.

Innovative Album Reached Number One

The following year the group hit number one in the United States with the remarkable A Night at the Opera album featuring Taylors amusing Im in Love with My Car, Deacons catchy Youre My Best Friend, and two of Mays sensitive and often overlooked tunes, the time-travel-inspired ballad 39 and more delightful fantasy fare of The Prophets Song. The album also spawned a major worldwide hit in Bohemian Rhapsodyan unprecedented six-minute cut that mingled introspection with Gilbert and Sullivan operatics, as a Time critic described it. The group followed their masterwork with another in the same vein. A Day at the Races contained Mercurys falsetto-laced Somebody to Love, another catchy Deacon cut, You and I, and still more gentle departures from the blitzkrieg rock they had been known for in Mays lovely Japanese/English anthem TeoTorriatte (Let Us Cling Together).

Known for simply being themselves, Queen offered audiences a bravado sound coupled with a campy style that would likely have met with disdain a short decade before. As Brian May told Time: Were not styled on anybody. And no one could successfully style themselves on Queen, who in the mid-1970s prided themselves on not using synthesizers but instead complex overdubbings of electric guitar with varied amplifiers which gave their albums a full orchestral sound, as the Time writer noted. Another unique feature was their use of dazzling a cappella interludes and flawless vocal harmony as in The Prophets Song and Somebody to Love. Such poetic and sensitive moments, however, were balanced by songs like Death on Two Legs, which included such language as You suck my blood like a leech youre a sewer rat decaying in a cesspool of pride. The groups multifaceted style was echoed by Mercurys chameleon-like vocals; as Ralph Novak of People commented, Not many vocalists can go from sweet to abrasive as rapidly as he can.

Versatility Captured New Audiences

The groups popularity increased with glowing reviews for the 1977 single release of We Are the Champions and the delightful rockabilly-style Crazy Little Thing Called Love from the 1980 album The Game, which was both a commercial success and well received by critics. Another One Bites the Dust, a funky pseudo-rap cut, provided the group with a successful single, topping both the soul and pop charts in the United States. This departure from the heavily overdubbed and complex musical styles of earlier hits attracted a large black audience that had, for the most part, been ignoring Queen the previous decade.

Two years later, Hot Space continued the sound of Another One Bites the Dust, devoting an entire side to funky, danceable tunes that appealed to a much broader audience than in the past. Still, the album met with mixed reviews and was their slowest seller since Queen II. A well-crafted record with an impressive compositional range and tight vocal harmonies grafted seamlessly into [a] kinetic brew, the disk was nevertheless faulted because under the superb production the group was grinding out what Sam Sutherland in High Fidelity labeled a noxious mix of sexual manipulation and mean spiritedness in such cuts as Back Chat and Body Language. The latter made little impact on the singles chart before vanishing entirely. Even the more melodic Life Is Real (Song for Lennon), a eulogy for John Lennon, was criticized by Sutherland as cheapened by the precision with which Queen apes the vocal and keyboard timbres of Imagine.

Queens 1984 album, The Works, fared much better than Hot Space. Layered vocals and multitracked guitars were cut out, leaving a lean hard-rock sound, making The Works perhaps the first record to refute the maxim that the words Queen and listenable are, of necessity, mutually exclusive, as Rolling Stone contributor Parke Puterbaugh observed. The group offered such thundering tracks as Tear It Up and Hammerto Fall, balanced against the more melodic Keep Passing the Open Windows, the fifties-style Man on The Prowl and the harder to classify Is This the World We Created?, which Puterbaugh termed an acoustic meditation on hunger and hate and generational responsibility. Despite such critical praise, the album failed to produce a top hit.

Became International Superstars

While Queens American chart success was on the decline, the group was enjoying increasing popularity as an international stage act, rivalling the Rolling Stones and Bruce Springsteen in their drawing power. A 1981 concert in Brazil set records for the largest paying audience to see a single performance by one band, and the groups set at the 1985 Live Aid fund-raising concert was lauded by fans and critics. The bands stage performances have been balanced between new material and crowd pleaserseven numbers impossible to reproduce on stage, such as Bohemian Rhapsody, whose complicated, layered, a cappella vocal section is filled in by tape as lights flicker crazily around the empty stage. Queens notorious stage pyrotechnics have earned them a reputation as a cant-miss concert act. As May told Charles McCardell in Musician, Somewhere in the course of the last couple of years, something clicked and we reached a new level. We werent only a pop group anymore. We sort of got written in as one of the thing[s] people have to see.

The band had not played a live date in the United States since 1982, however, and by the late 1980s Queen was meeting with some scathing criticism from American critics. A Kind of Magic, released in 1986, won great regard in Britain and elsewhere, but U.S. fans were unimpressed, and the album sank back as a non-event absolutely bankrupt of gauche imagination dominated by barren slabs of synthscape, as Rolling Stone contributor Mark Coleman commented. Taylors Radio Ga Ga, which placed high on the charts in nineteen countries, made it only to the sixteenth slot in the United States. Any power the group previously had demonstrated was absent on the album, replaced by what Coleman characterized as a mechanical thud rather than a metalized threat.

The groups musical style was changing, and so were attitudes toward them. As Taylor commented, We never tried to pander to what we feel people want. A lot of people want to hear rehashes but that would be death for us. Thats really unfair, because we have changed a lot. We really start with a clean slate each time, May similarly told McCardell. No matter the producer, no matter the song, its still Queen. We dont have to reproduce any formulas. And weve never had an audience that hemmed us in. Nevertheless, the band has been looking to recapture their lost American popularity. As May continued: America now for us is an island. We have every territory around it, but we dont have that big corner of the world.

With the 1991 release of Innuendo, Queen regained some of the critical respect and radio airplay they had lost in the States. Craig Tomashoff of People, for instance, noted that Innuendo is so over-the-top its enjoyable, and added that its nice to hear this reversion to the old exaggerated ways. Theres no getting around the new albums craft, Chuck Eddy stated in Rolling Stone, for these old entertainers sound like theyve decided to stop trying so hard, like theyre finally satisfied with their lot in life. And that lot, the critic concluded, is a considerable one: Queen is well aware that its forte has always been eclectic excess for its own sake. These shameless all-time glam survivors would try anything once, and amid their messes they attained classical-kitsch pinnacles, helped invent rap music and [have been] explicitly acknowledged as an important inspiration by arty hardcore ensembles and funk-metal and industrial-drone bands alike.

Selected discography

Queen, EMI, 1973.

Queen II (includes Seven Seas of Rhye), EMI, 1974.

Sheer Heart Attack (includes Killer Queen), EMI, 1974.

A Night at the Opera (includes Bohemian Rhapsody, Youre My Best Friend, 39, and The Prophets Song) EMI, 1975.

A Day at the Races (includes Somebody to Love), EMI, 1976.

News of the World (includes We Will Rock You/We Are the Champions), EMI, 1977.

Jazz (includes Fat Bottom Girls), EMI, 1978.

Live Killers, EMI, 1979.

The Game (includes Crazy Little Thing Called Love and Another One Bites the Dust), EMI, 1980.

Flash Gordon (film soundtrack), EMI, 1980.

Greatest Hits, EMI, 1981.

Hot Space, EMI, 1982.

The Works, EMI, 1984.

A Kind of Magic, Capitol, 1986.

The Miracle, Capitol, 1989.

Innuendo, Hollywood, 1991.

Sources

Books

Anderson, Christopher P., The New Book of People, Perigee, 1986.

Periodicals

Detroit Free Press, August 6, 1982.

High Fidelity, August 1982.

Musician, November 1986.

New York Times, May 9, 1974; February 18, 1975; February 7, 1976; February 7, 1977; December 3, 1977; November 18, 1978; January 1, 1982; July 21, 1982; July 30, 1982.

People, August 25, 1986; April 1, 1991.

Rock Express, Number 106, 1986.

Rolling Stone, January 25, 1979; April 12, 1984; October 9, 1986; March 7, 1991.

Time, February 9, 1976.

Meg Mac Donald

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queen

queen the female ruler of an independent state, especially one who inherits the position by right of birth; the wife of a king. The word is recorded from Old English (in form cwēn) and is of Germanic origin.
Queen and country the objects of allegiance for a patriot whose head of State is a queen. The term is first recorded in Farquhar's The Recruiting Officer (1706), ‘I endeavour by the example of this worthy gentleman to serve my Queen and country at home’, from the reign of Queen Anne (1665–1714).
Queen Anne is dead a phrase implying stale news; it is first recorded in the mid 19th century, in Barham's Ingoldsby Legends (1840), series 1, ‘Lord Brougham, it appears, isn't dead, though Queen Anne is’; an earlier variant appears in Swift's Complete Collection of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation (1738), ‘Why, Madam, Queen Elizabeth's dead’.
queen bee the single reproductive female in a hive or colony of honeybees; in extended usage, the chief or dominant woman in an organization or social group.
queen consort the wife of a reigning king.
queen dowager the widow of a king.
queen mother the widow of a king and mother of the sovereign.
Queen of glory epithet of the Virgin Mary.
Queen of Hearts the nickname of Elizabeth of Bohemia (1598–1662), daughter of James I of England, who with her husband Frederick (the ‘Winter King’) had briefly occupied the throne of Bohemia before being driven into exile.

The Queen of Hearts is a well-known nursery-rhyme character dating from the late 18th century; in the 19th century she becomes one of the leading playing-card characters in Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865); her favourite exclamation is ‘Off with his (or her) head!’
Queen of Heaven epithet of the Virgin Mary.
queen of love in classical antiquity an epithet of Aphrodite or Venus.
queen of tides the moon; the phrase is first recorded in Byron's Childe Harold (1812).
queen regnant a queen ruling in her own right.

See also May Queen, Red Queen at red, Snow Queen at snow, Winter Queen at winter.

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queen

queen / kwēn/ • n. 1. the female ruler of an independent state, esp. one who inherits the position by right of birth. ∎  (also queen consort) a king's wife. ∎  a woman or thing regarded as excellent or outstanding of its kind: the queen of romance novelists Venice: Queen of the Adriatic. ∎  a woman or girl chosen to hold the most important position in a festival or event: football stars and homecoming queens. ∎  (the Queen) dated (in the UK) the national anthem when there is a female sovereign. ∎ inf. a man's wife or girlfriend. 2. the most powerful chess piece that each player has, able to move any number of unobstructed squares in any direction along a rank, file, or diagonal on which it stands. 3. a playing card bearing a representation of a queen, normally ranking next below a king and above a jack. 4. Entomol. a reproductive female in a colony of social ants, bees, wasps, etc. 5. an adult female cat that has not been spayed. 6. inf., offens. a male homosexual, typically one regarded as ostentatiously effeminate. ∎  a man with a particular obsession or fetish: a size queen | a leather queen. • v. [tr.] 1. (queen it over) (of a woman) behave in an unpleasant and superior way toward. 2. Chess convert (a pawn) into a queen when it reaches the opponent's back rank on the board. DERIVATIVES: queen·dom / -dəm/ n.queen·like / -ˌlīk/ adj.queen·ship / ship/ n.

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queen

queen OE. cwēn = OS. quān, ON. kvaen (also kván), Goth. qēns :- Gmc. *kwǣniz, f. IE. *gwēn-, *gwen- (see QUEAN).
Hence queenly XVI.

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queen

queen In a colony of social insects, the primary female reproductive.

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"queen." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"queen." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queen

queen

queen In a colony of social insects, the primary female reproductive.

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"queen." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"queen." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queen-0

"queen." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queen-0

queen

queenAberdeen, Amin, aquamarine, baleen, bean, been, beguine, Benin, between, canteen, careen, Claudine, clean, contravene, convene, cuisine, dean, Dene, e'en, eighteen, fascine, fedayeen, fifteen, figurine, foreseen, fourteen, Francine, gean, gene, glean, gombeen, green, Greene, Halloween, intervene, Janine, Jean, Jeannine, Jolene, Kean, keen, Keene, Ladin, langoustine, latrine, lean, limousine, machine, Maclean, magazine, Malines, margarine, marine, Mascarene, Massine, Maxine, mean, Medellín, mesne, mien, Moline, moreen, mujahedin, Nadine, nankeen, Nazarene, Nene, nineteen, nougatine, obscene, palanquin, peen, poteen, preen, quean, queen, Rabin, Racine, ramin, ravine, routine, Sabine, saltine, sardine, sarin, sateen, scene, screen, seen, serene, seventeen, shagreen, shebeen, sheen, sixteen, spleen, spring-clean, squireen, Steen, submarine, supervene, tambourine, tangerine, teen, terrine, thirteen, transmarine, treen, tureen, Tyrrhene, ultramarine, umpteen, velveteen, wean, ween, Wheen, yean •soybean • buckbean

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"queen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"queen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queen-0

"queen." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/queen-0