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Shore, Howard 1946–

Shore, Howard 1946–

(Howard Shore and His Band of Angels, Howard Shore and His All Nurse Band, Howard Shore and His Bobby Blue Band, Howard "Bud" Shore)

PERSONAL

Full name, Howard Leslie Shore; born October 18, 1946, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; son of Mac (a journalist) and Bernice (a dancer; maiden name, Ash) Shore; uncle of Ryan Shore (a composer); married Elizabeth Ann Cotnoir, August 3, 1990; children: May. Education: Attended the Berklee College of Music, 1965-67.

Addresses:

Manager—Columbia Artists Management, 1790 Broadway, New York, NY 10019-1412. Publicist—Chasen and Company, 8899 Beverly Blvd., Suite 408, Los Angeles, CA 90048.

Career:

Composer, musical director, music producer, arranger, and conductor. Lighthouse (Canadian musical band), founding member, 1969-72; also performed with Howard Shore and His Band of Angels, Howard Shore and His All Nurse Band, and Howard Shore and His Bobby Blue Band; guest conductor of symphony orchestras; also a concert performer. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), worked as a composer and songwriter; also helped create the musical group the Blues Brothers.

Member:

American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers.

Awards, Honors:

Juno awards (with Lighthouse), best group, Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1972, 1973, and 1974; Juno Award nomination (with Lighthouse), best group, 1975; Genie Award nomination, best music score, Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television, 1980, for The Brood; Saturn Award nomination, best music, Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films, 1987, for The Fly; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, 1989, for Big; Genie Award, best music score, 1989, and Saturn Award nomination, best music, 1990, both for Dead Ringers; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, Film Award nomination, best original music, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and Saturn Award nomination, best music, all 1992, for The Silence of the Lambs; Genie Award nomination, best music score, 1992, for Naked Lunch; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, 1994, for Mrs. Doubtfire; Gotham Composer Award, Independent Features Project, 1994; Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award, best music, 1994, Saturn Award, best music, 1995, and Grammy Award nomination, best instrumental composition written for a motion picture or for television, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, 1996, all for Ed Wood; two ASCAP Film and Television Music awards, top box office film, 1995, for Philadelphia and for The Client; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, and Saturn Award nomination, best music, both 1996, for Se7en; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, 2000, for Analyze This; ASCAP Film and Television Music awards, most performed theme, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005; Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award, best music score, World Soundtrack awards, best original orchestral soundtrack of the year and public choice award, and World Soundtrack Award nomination, soundtrack composer of the year, all 2001, Academy Award, best music, original score, Critics Choice Award, best composer, Broadcast Film Critics Association, Chicago Film Critics Association Award, best original score, Sierra Award, best score, Las Vegas Film Critics Society, Phoenix Film Critics Society Award, best original score, ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, Golden Globe Award nomination, best original score for a motion picture, nomination for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, American Film Institute Award nomination, composer of the year, Saturn Award nomination, best music, and Online Film Critics Society Award nomination, best original score, all 2002, and Grammy Award, best score soundtrack album for a motion picture, television, or other visual media, 2003, all for The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring; Georges Delerue Prize, Flanders International Film Festival, 2002, for Spider; Phoenix Film Critics Society Award, best original song, and World Soundtrack Award nomination, best original song written for a film, both with others, 2003, for "Gollum's Song," The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, 2003, for Panic Room; nomination for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, and World Soundtrack Award nominations, best original soundtrack of the year and soundtrack composer of the year, all 2003, for Gangs of New York; Hollywood Film Award, outstanding achievement in music in film, Hollywood Film Festival, 2003; ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, Critics Choice Award nomination, best composer, Broadcast Film Critics Association, Saturn Award nomination, best music, Chicago Film Critics Association Award nomination, best original score, Phoenix Film Critics Society Award nomination, best original score, and Online Film Critics Society Award nomination, best original score, all 2003, and Grammy Award, best score soundtrack album for a motion picture, television, or other visual media, 2004, all for The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers; Henry Mancini Award, American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, 2004; Academy Award, best music, original score, Golden Globe Award, best original score for a motion picture, Critics Choice Award, best composer, Broadcast Film Critics Association, Saturn Award, best music, Chicago Film Critics Association Award, best original score, Sierra Award, best score, Las Vegas Film Critics Society, Phoenix Film Critics Society Award, best original score, ASCAP Film and Television Music Award, top box office film, Online Film Critics Society Award, best original score, nomination for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, and Golden Satellite Award nomination, best original score, International Press Academy, all 2004, Grammy Award, best score soundtrack album for a motion picture, television, or other visual media, 2005, and designation as the best film soundtrack of all time, Classic FM (radio station in Great Britain), all for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King; Academy Award, best original song, Golden Globe Award, best original song for a motion picture, and World Soundtrack Award nomination, best original song written for a film, all 2004, and Grammy Award, best song written for a motion picture, television, or other visual media, 2005, all with others, all for "Into the West," The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King; Chicago Film Critics Association Award, best original score, and Seattle Film Critics Award, best music, both 2004, Golden Globe Award, best original score for a motion picture, Critics Choice Award, best composer, Broadcast Film Critics Association, Golden Satellite Award nomination, best original score, nomination for Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music, World Soundtrack Award nominations, best original soundtrack of the year and soundtrack composer of the year, and Online Film Critics Society Award nomination, best original score, all 2005, and Grammy Award nomination, best score soundtrack album for a motion picture, television, or other visual media, 2006, all for The Aviator; National Board of Review Award, career achievement, 2005; Critics Choice Award nomination, best composer, Broadcast Film Critics Association, 2007, for The Departed; honorary doctorate of letters, York University, Canada, 2007.

CREDITS

Film Work; Conductor and Orchestrator:

M. Butterfly, Warner Bros., 1993.

Sliver (also known as Sliver—Gier der Augen), Paramount, 1993.

The Client (also known as Az Uegyfel, Der Klient, El cliente, Il cliente, Klient, Klienten, Le client, O cliente, O pelatis, and Paeaemies), Warner Bros., 1994.

Nobody's Fool, Paramount, 1994.

Moonlight and Valentino, Gramercy Pictures, 1995.

White Man's Burden (also known as White Man), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1995.

Before and After, Buena Vista, 1996.

Crash, Fine Line Features, 1996.

The Truth about Cats & Dogs, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

Cop Land, Miramax, 1997.

The Game, Polygram Filmed Entertainment, 1997.

Dogma (also known as Bearclaw, God, and Dogme), Miramax, 1998.

eXistenZ, Dimension Films, 1999.

The Cell, New Line Cinema, 2000.

Esther Kahn (also known as eSTheR KaHN), Bac Films, 2000.

The Yards, Miramax, 2000.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (also known as The Fellowship of the Ring, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring: The Motion Picture, A Gyrueruek ura: A gyuerue szoevetsege, Der Herr der Ringe: Die Gefaehrten, El senor de los anillos: La comunidad del anillo, El senyor dels anells: La comunitat de l'anell, El senyor dels anells: La germandat de l'anell, Hringadrottinssaga: Foeruneyti hringsins, Il signore degli anelli—La compagnia dell'anello, Le seigneur des anneaux—La communaute de l'anneau, O senhor dos aneis—A irmandade do anel, O senhor dos aneis: A sociedade do anel, Pan prstenu: Spolecenstvo prstenu, Ringenes herre: Eventyret om ringen, Ringenes herre: Ringens brorskap, Sagan om ringen: Haerskarringen, Sormuste isand: Sormuse vennaskond, Stapinul inelelor: Fratia inelului, Tara sormusten herrasta—Sormuksen ritarit, and Wladca pierscieni: Druzyna pierscienia), New Line Cinema, 2001.

The Score, Paramount, 2001.

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (also known as The Two Towers, Banjieui jewang du jaeeui tam, Bechdebis mbrdzanebeli, Der Herr der Ringe: Die zwei Tuerme, El senor de los anillos: Las dos torres, El senyor dels anells: Les dues torres, Hringadrottinssaga: Tveggja turna tal, Il signore degli anelli—Le due torri, Le seigneur des anneaux—Les deux tours, O senhor dos aneis: As duas torres, Ringenes herre: De to taarne, Ringenes herre: To taarn, Sagan om ringen: Sagan om de tvaa tornen, Sormuste isand: Kaks kantsi, Stapanul inelelor: Cele doua turnuri, Tara sormusten herrasta—Kaksi tornia, and Wladca pierscieni: Dwie wieze), New Line Cinema, 2002.

Spider, Sony Pictures Classics, 2002.

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (also known as The Return of the King, A Gyrueruek ura: A kiraly viszater, Der Herr der Ringe: Die Rueckkehr des Koenigs, El senor de los anillos: El retorno del rey, El senyor dels anells: El retorn del rei, Gospodar prstanov: Vrnitev kralja, Hringadrottinssaga: Hilmir snyr heim, Il signore degli anelli—Il ritornodel re, Le seigneur des anneaux—Le retour du roi, O senhor dos aneis: O retorno do rei, Pan prstenu: Navrat krale, Ringenes herre: Atter en konge, Ringenes herre: Kongen vender tilbage, Sagan om ringen: Sagan om konungens aaterkomst, Sormuste isand: Kuninga tagsitulek, Tara sormusten herrasta—Kuninkaan paluu, and Wladca pierscieni: Powrot krola), New Line Cinema, 2003.

The Aviator, Miramax/Warner Bros., 2004.

A History of Violence, New Line Cinema, 2005.

The Last Mimzy, New Line Cinema, 2007.

Music Conductor:

Dead Ringers (also known as Alter ego), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1988.

She-Devil, Orion, 1990.

A Kiss before Dying, Universal, 1991.

Naked Lunch (also known as Le festin nu), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1991.

Prelude to a Kiss, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1992.

Philadelphia, TriStar, 1993.

Looking for Richard, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

Striptease, Columbia, 1996.

That Thing You Do!, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

High Fidelity, Buena Vista, 2000.

Film Music Orchestrator:

Quick Change, Warner Bros., 1991.

Mrs. Doubtfire (also known as Gospa Doubtfire—ocka v krilu, Gveret Doubtfire, Madame Doubtfire, Mme. Doubtfire, Mrs. Doubtfire—Das stachelige Hausmaedchen, Mrs. Doubtfire—Das stachelige Kindermaedchen, Mrs. Doubtfire—isae sisaekkoenae, Mrs. Doubtfire—Mammo per sempre, Pani Doubtfire, Papa para sempre, Para por siempre, Senora Doubtfire, papa de por vida, Sra. Doubtfire, papa de por vida, Uma baba quase perfeita, and Vaelkommen mrs. Doubtfire), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1993.

Ed Wood, Buena Vista, 1994.

Film Music Arranger:

High Fidelity, Buena Vista, 2000.

The Aviator, Miramax/Warner Bros., 2004.

Film Music Producer:

Gilda Live, Warner Bros., 1980.

Additional music producer, Places in the Heart, TriStar, 1984.

Belizaire the Cajun, Skouras Pictures, 1985.

Moonlight and Valentino, Gramercy Pictures, 1995.

Song producer, The Score, Paramount, 2001.

The Aviator, Miramax/Warner Bros., 2004.

The Last Mimzy, New Line Cinema, 2007.

Film Work; Other:

Music coordinator, Silkwood, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1983.

Music supervisor, Postcards from the Edge, Columbia, 1991.

Music mixer, Dogma (also known as Bearclaw, God, and Dogme), Miramax, 1998.

Music consultant, Shadow Magic (also known as Xi yang jing), Sony Pictures Classics, 2000.

Film Appearances:

Himself, Gilda Live, Warner Bros., 1980.

Lucio Crisco, Unspeakable, Troma Entertainment, 2000.

(Uncredited) Orchestra pit conductor, King Kong (also known as King Kong: The Eighth Wonder of the World and Peter Jackson's "King Kong"), Universal, 2005.

Television Appearances; Series:

(Sometimes credited as Howard "Bud" Shore, Howard Shore and His All Nurse Band, Howard Shore and His Band of Angels, or Howard Shore and His Bobby Blue Band) Himself and various characters, Saturday Night Live (also known as NBC's "Saturday Night," Saturday Night, Saturday Night Live '80, SNL, and SNL 25), NBC, 1975-80.

Television Appearances; Specials:

(Uncredited; in archive footage) Beekeeper bandleader, Saturday Night Live: 15th Anniversary, NBC, 1989.

(Uncredited) Audience member, Saturday Night Live: 25th Anniversary (also known as Saturday Night Live: 25th Anniversary Primetime Special), NBC, 1999.

(Uncredited; in archive footage) Beekeeper bandleader, Saturday Night Live: The Best of John Belushi, NBC, 2005.

Himself, Live from New York: The First Five Years of Saturday Night Live (also known as SNL: The First Five Years), NBC, 2005.

Television Appearances; Awards Presentations:

The 74th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 2002.

The 76th Annual Academy Awards, ABC, 2004.

The 62nd Annual Golden Globe Awards, NBC, 2005.

Television Appearances; Episodic:

Himself, Lo + plus, 1996.

Himself, "David Lynch Special," Tracks, 2007.

Television Work; Series:

(Sometimes credited as Howard "Bud" Shore, Howard Shore and His All Nurse Band, Howard Shore and His Band of Angels, or Howard Shore and His Bobby Blue Band) Musical director, musician, and sometimes conductor, Saturday Night Live (also known as NBC's "Saturday Night," Saturday Night, Saturday Night Live '80, SNL, and SNL 25), NBC, 1975-80.

Television Musical Director; Specials:

The Hart & Lorne Terrific Hour (series of specials), CBC, beginning c. 1971.

Coca-Cola Presents Live: The Hard Rock (also known as Live: The Hard Rock), NBC, 1988.

Stage Music Producer:

Gilda Radner—Live from New York, Winter Garden Theatre, New York City, 1979.

Worked on amateur theatre productions.

Stage Appearances:

Member of the Candy Slice Group, Gilda Radner—Live from New York, Winter Garden Theatre, New York City, 1979.

RECORDINGS

Albums; with Lighthouse:

Lighthouse, RCA Victor, 1969.

Peacing It All Together, RCA Victor, 1970.

Suite Feeling, RCA Victor, 1970.

One Fine Morning, Evolution, 1971.

Lighthouse Live!, Evolution, 1972.

One Fine Light, RCA Victor, 1972.

Sunny Days, Edsel, 1972.

Thoughts of Movin' On, Evolution, 1972.

Can You Feel It, Polydor, 1974.

Good Day, Polydor, 1974.

Sunny Days Again: The Best of Lighthouse, MCA, 1999.

Album Work:

Producer, Live from New York (also known as Gilda Radner—Live from New York), Warner Bros./Wea, c. 1979.

Worked on other albums.

Videos:

Himself, Inside the Labyrinth: The Making of "The Silence of the Lambs," Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists Home Entertainment, 2001.

Himself, The Making of "The Lord of the Rings," 2002.

Himself, People Like Us: Making "Philadelphia," Columbia/TriStar Home Video, 2003.

Himself, Creating the Lord of the Rings Symphony: A Composer's Journey through Middle-Earth, Aurum Producciones, 2004.

Himself, Acts of Violence, New Line Cinema, 2006.

Himself, Scoring the Silence (short), Twentieth Century-Fox Home Entertainment/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Home Entertainment, 2006.

Video Musical Director:

The Best of John Belushi, 1985.

The Best of Dan Aykroyd, 1986.

Saturday Night Live Christmas (also known as Saturday Night Live Christmas Past), 1999.

Video Games:

Voice of Rohan guard, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, EA Games, 2003.

WRITINGS

Film Music:

I Miss You, Hugs and Kisses (also known as Drop Dead, Dearest and Left for Dead), Astral, 1978.

The Brood (also known as Chromosome, David Cronenberg's "The Brood," and La clinique de la terreur), New World Pictures, 1979.

Scanners (also known as Telepathy 2000), Avco-Embassy Pictures, 1981.

Videodrome (also known as Zonekiller), Universal, 1983.

(Including title song) Nothing Lasts Forever, 1984.

Places in the Heart, TriStar, 1984.

After Hours, Geffen/Warner Bros., 1985.

Fire with Fire (also known as Captive Hearts), Paramount, 1986.

The Fly (also known as La mouche), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1986.

Heaven, Island Pictures, 1987.

Nadine, TriStar, 1987.

Big, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1988.

Dead Ringers (also known as Alter ego), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1988.

Moving, Warner Bros., 1988.

The Local Stigmatic, 1989.

Signs of Life (also known as One for Sorrow, Two for Joy), Avenue Entertainment, 1989.

An Innocent Man, Buena Vista, 1990.

The Lemon Sisters (also known as Lemon Sisters, Ha-Ahayot Limon, Mulheres, amigas e irmas, and Os meus problemas com os homens), Miramax, 1990.

Made in Milan (short documentary), 1990.

(Including title song) She-Devil, Orion, 1990.

A Kiss before Dying, Universal, 1991.

Naked Lunch (also known as Le festin nu), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1991.

Additional music, Quick Change, Warner Bros., 1991.

The Silence of the Lambs, Orion, 1991.

Prelude to a Kiss, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1992.

Single White Female (also known as Drusha Shutafa Ravaka, Enlig pige soger, Ensam ung kvinna soeker …, Inserzione pericolosa, J. F. partagerait appartement, Jeune femme chercher colocataire, Jovem procura companheira, Mujer blanca soltera busca …, Mujer soltera busca, Mulher solteira procura …, Nuori naimaton nainen, Sublokatorka, and Weiblich, ledig, jung sucht …), Columbia, 1992.

Guilty as Sin, Buena Vista, 1993.

M. Butterfly, Warner Bros., 1993.

Mrs. Doubtfire (also known as Gospa Doubtfire—ocka v krilu, Gveret Doubtfire, Madame Doubtfire, Mme. Doubtfire, Mrs. Doubtfire—Das stachelige Hausmaedchen, Mrs. Doubtfire—Das stachelige Kindermaedchen, Mrs. Doubtfire—isae sisaekkoenae, Mrs. Doubtfire—Mammo per sempre, Pani Doubtfire, Papa para sempre, Para por siempre, Senora Doubtfire, papa de por vida, Sra. Doubtfire, papa de por vida, Uma baba quase perfeita, and Vaelkommen mrs. Doubtfire), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1993.

Philadelphia, TriStar, 1993.

Sliver (also known as Sliver—Gier der Augen), Paramount, 1993.

The Client (also known as Az Uegyfel, Der Klient, El cliente, Il cliente, Klient, Klienten, Le client, O cliente, O pelatis, and Paeaemies), Warner Bros., 1994.

Ed Wood, Buena Vista, 1994.

Nobody's Fool, Paramount, 1994.

Moonlight and Valentino, Gramercy Pictures, 1995.

Se7en (also known as Seven, The Seven Deadly Sins, Hetedik, Los siete pecados capitales, Pecados capitales, 7 pecados mortais, Sedam, Sedem, Sieben, Siedem, Sietsemaen, Sep7, Sept, Sete pecados mortais, Seven—Os sete crimes capitais, Seven—Os sete pecados capitais, and Yedi), New Line Cinema, 1995.

(Including song "Drive-By") White Man's Burden (also known as White Man), Twentieth Century-Fox, 1995.

Before and After, Buena Vista, 1996.

Crash, Fine Line Features, 1996.

Looking for Richard, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

(Unused score) Ransom, Buena Vista, 1996.

Striptease, Columbia, 1996.

That Thing You Do!, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

The Truth about Cats & Dogs, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

Cop Land, Miramax, 1997.

(Including song "Room 277") The Game, Polygram Filmed Entertainment, 1997.

Dogma (also known as Bearclaw, God, and Dogme), Miramax, 1998.

Silver, 1998.

Analyze This (also known as Analyze Me, Mafia blues, Analizame, Analyse-moi ca, Analyse to, Analysera mera!, Depresja gangstera, Familieterapi, Mafia no diva, Reine Nervensache, Terapia e pallottole, Terapian tarpeessa, Uma questao de nervos, Una terapia peligrosa, and Una terapia peligrosa (Analyze this)), Warner Bros., 1999.

eXistenZ, Dimension Films, 1999.

Gloria, Columbia, 1999.

Camera (short film), 2000.

The Cell, New Line Cinema, 2000.

Esther Kahn (also known as eSTheR KaHN), Bac Films, 2000.

High Fidelity, Buena Vista, 2000.

(Including song "Saturn") The Yards, Miramax, 2000.

(Including song "In Dreams") The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (also known as The Fellowship of the Ring, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring: The Motion Picture, A Gyrueruek ura: A gyuerue szoevetsege, Der Herr der Ringe: Die Gefaehrten, El senor de los anillos: La comunidad del anillo, El senyor dels anells: La comunitat de l'anell, El senyor dels anells: La germandat de l'anell, Hringadrottinssaga: Foeruneyti hringsins, Il signore degli anelli—La compagnia dell'anello, Le seigneur des anneaux-La communaute de l'anneau, O senhor dos aneis—A irmandade do anel, O senhor dos aneis: A sociedade do anel, Pan prstenu: Spolecenstvo prstenu, Ringenes herre: Eventyret om ringen, Ringenes herre: Ringens brorskap, Sagan om ringen: Haerskarringen, Sormuste isand: Sormuse vennaskond, Stapinul inelelor: Fratia inelului, Tara sormusten herrasta—Sormuksen ritarit, and Wladca pierscieni: Druzyna pierscienia), New Line Cinema, 2001.

The Score, Paramount, 2001.

(Including song "Brooklyn Heights") Gangs of New York, Miramax, 2002.

(Including songs such as "Gollum's Song") The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (also known as The Two Towers, Banjieui jewang du jaeeui tam, Bechdebis mbrdzanebeli, Der Herr der Ringe: Die zwei Tuerme, El senor de los anillos: Las dos torres, El senyor dels anells: Les dues torres, Hringadrottinssaga: Tveggja turna tal, Il signore degli anelli—Le due torri, Le seigneur des anneaux-Les deux tours, O senhor dos aneis: As duas torres, Ringenes herre: De to taarne, Ringenes herre: To taarn, Sagan om ringen: Sagan om de tvaa tornen, Sormuste isand: Kaks kantsi, Stapanul inelelor: Cele doua turnuri, Tara sormusten herrasta—Kaksi tornia, and Wladca pierscieni: Dwie wieze), New Line Cinema, 2002.

Panic Room, Columbia/TriStar, 2002.

Spider, Sony Pictures Classics, 2002.

(Including songs such as "Into the West") The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (also known as The Return of the King, A Gyrueruek ura: A kiraly viszater, Der Herr der Ringe: Die Rueckkehr des Koenigs, El senor de los anillos: El retorno del rey, El senyor dels anells: El retorn del rei, Gospodar prstanov: Vrnitev kralja, Hringadrottinssaga: Hilmir snyr heim, Il signore degli anelli—Il ritorno del re, Le seigneur des anneaux-Le retour du roi, O senhor dos aneis: O retorno do rei, Pan prstenu: Navrat krale, Ringenes herre: Atter en konge, Ringenes herre: Kongen vender tilbage, Sagan om ringen: Sagan om konungens aaterkomst, Sormuste isand: Kuninga tagsitulek, Tara sormusten herrasta—Kuninkaan paluu, and Wladca pierscieni: Powrot krola), New Line Cinema, 2003.

The Aviator, Miramax/Warner Bros., 2004.

A History of Violence, New Line Cinema, 2005.

(Unused score) King Kong (also known as King Kong: The Eighth Wonder of the World and Peter Jackson's "King Kong"), Universal, 2005.

La opresion (short film), 2005.

The Departed (also known as Departed, Infernal Affairs, A tegla, Agents troubles, Departed—Unter Feinden, The Departed—Entre inimigos, The departed—Il bene e il male, Dipateddo, Dvostruka igra, Ha-Shtoolim, Infiltracja, Kahe tule vahel, Koestebek, Les infiltres, Los infiltrados, O pliroforiodotis, Os infiltrados, and Parakit hoad faengtua koan chaopho), Warner Bros., 2006.

Too Commercial for Cannes (short film), New Line Home Video, 2006.

Eastern Promises (also known as Epikindynes yposheseis, Keleti igeretek, Les promesses de l'ombre, Promesas del este, Promesses de l'ombre, and Toedliche Versprechen), Alliance Atlantis Motion Picture Distribution/Focus Features, 2007.

(Including song "Hello (I Love You)") The Last Mimzy, New Line Cinema, 2007.

Film Music; Songs:

"Blood on White Shoes," Frogs for Snakes, 1998.

"Piano Four," Last Night (also known as Minuit), 1998.

"Mooby Theme Song," Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back (also known as VA5 and View Askew 5), Miramax/ Dimension Films, 2001.

Main title music, Beat the Devil (short film; also known as "Beat the Devil," The Hire and The Hire: Beat the Devil), BMW Films, 2002.

Television Music; Series:

(With others) Saturday Night Live (also known as NBC's "Saturday Night," Saturday Night, Saturday Night Live '80, SNL, and SNL 25), NBC, 1975-80.

Theme music, Saturday Night Live (also known as NBC's "Saturday Night," Saturday Night, Saturday Night Live '80, SNL, and SNL 25), NBC, beginning 1975.

Main title music and finale, Antonella, Artear (Argentina) and Channel 3 (Israel), beginning 1991.

Main title theme, Late Night with Conan O'Brien, NBC, 1993—.

Television Music; Specials:

Steve Martin's Best Show Ever, NBC, 1981.

The New Show, NBC, 1984.

Big Shots in America, NBC, 1985.

Additional music, Coma, 1997.

The Making of "Panic Room," 2002.

Late Night with Conan O'Brien: 10th Anniversary Special, NBC, 2003.

Lord of the Brush, Bravo, 2005.

Television Music; Episodic:

"Regina vs. Horvath," Scales of Justice, [Canada], 1990.

"Regina vs. Logan," Scales of Justice, [Canada], 1990.

Stage Music:

The Fly (opera; libretto by David Henry Hwang), Theatre du Chatelet, Paris, 2008, and LA Opera, Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, beginning 2008.

Other Music:

Composed pieces for orchestras, concert bands, marching bands, other groups, and various instruments, including The Lord of the Rings Symphony.

Albums; with Lighthouse:

Lighthouse, RCA Victor, 1969.

Peacing It All Together, RCA Victor, 1970.

Suite Feeling, RCA Victor, 1970.

One Fine Morning, Evolution, 1971.

Lighthouse Live!, Evolution, 1972.

One Fine Light, RCA Victor, 1972.

Sunny Days, Edsel, 1972.

Thoughts of Movin' On, Evolution, 1972.

Can You Feel It, Polydor, 1974.

Good Day, Polydor, 1974.

Sunny Days Again: The Best of Lighthouse, MCA, 1999.

Albums Featuring Shore's Compositions:

Live from New York (also known as Gilda Radner-Live from New York), Warner Bros./Wea, c. 1979.

The Fly, Varese Sarabande, 1986.

Belizaire the Cajun, Arhoolie Productions, 1987.

Big, 1988, Varese Sarabande, 2002.

The Silence of the Lambs, MCA Records, 1991.

Dead Ringers: Music from the Films of David Cronenberg, Silva Screen Records, 1992.

Naked Lunch, Milan/BMG, 1992.

Prelude to a Kiss, RCA/Milan/BMG, 1992.

M. Butterfly, Varese Sarabande, 1993.

Mrs. Doubtfire, Fox Records, 1993.

The Client, Elektra Records, 1994.

Ed Wood, Hollywood Records, 1994.

Philadelphia: Original Score, Epic Records/BMG, 1994.

Philadelphia: Original Soundtrack, Epic Records/BMG, 1994.

Nobody's Fool, Milan/BMG, 1995.

Se7en, TVT Records, 1995.

White Man's Burden, Tag Recordings, 1995.

Before and After, Hollywood Records, 1996.

Crash, Milan/BMG, 1996.

Looking for Richard, Angel Records, 1996.

The Truth about Cats and Dogs, A&M Records, 1996.

Cop Land, Milan/BMG, 1997.

The Game, London Records, 1997.

Videodrome, Varese Sarabande, 1998.

Dogma, Maverick, 1999.

eXistenZ, RCA Victor/BMG, 1999.

Analyze This, Varese Sarabande, 2000.

The Cell, New Line Records, 2000.

Esther Kahn, Naive, 2000.

(With others) Various artists, Reel Life: The Private Music of Film Composers, Vol. 1, Arabesque Recordings, 2000.

The Yards, Sony/BMG, 2000.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Reprise Records, 2001.

The Score, Varese Sarabande, 2001.

Gangs of New York, Interscope Records, 2002.

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, Reprise Records, 2002.

Panic Room, Varese Sarabande, 2002.

Spider, Virgin Records, 2002.

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Reprise Records, 2003.

The Aviator, Decca Records, 2005.

The Fly/Fly II, Varese Sarabande, 2005.

A History of Violence, New Line Records, 2005.

Naked Lunch—Silver Screen Edition, Milan/BMG, 2005.

The Departed: Original Score, New Line Records, 2006.

The Departed: Original Soundtrack, Warner Sunset, 2006.

The Last Mimzy, New Line Records, 2007.

Many of Shore's songs, scores, and other compositions have been featured in films, television programs, videos, albums, and other media and have been published in various formats.

Compilation Albums Featuring Shore's Compositions:

The Lord of the Rings: The Motion Picture Trilogy, Reprise, 2003.

The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring—The Complete Recordings, Reprise, 2005.

Video Music:

Inside the Labyrinth: The Making of "The Silence of the Lambs," Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists Home Entertainment, 2001.

Big-atures, New Line Home Video, 2002.

Costume Design (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

A Day in the Life of a Hobbit (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

Designing Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

Digital Grading (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

Editorial: Assembling an Epic (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

The Fellowship of the Cast (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

From Book to Script (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

J. R. R. Tolkien: Creator of Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

The Making of "The Lord of the Rings," 2002.

New Zealand as Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

The Road Goes Ever On … (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

Scale, New Line Home Video, 2002.

The Soundscapes of Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

Storyboards and Pre-viz: Making Words into Images (short), New Line Home Video, 2002.

The Battle for Helm's Deep Is Over … (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Cameras in Middle-Earth, New Line Home Video, 2003.

Designing Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Editorial: Refining the Story, New Line Home Video, 2003.

From Book to Script: Finding the Story (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

J. R. R. Tolkien: Origins of Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Music for Middle-Earth (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

People Like Us: Making "Philadelphia," Columbia/ TriStar Home Video, 2003.

The Taming of Smeagol (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Warriors of the Third Age (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Weta Digital (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Weta Workshop (short), New Line Home Video, 2003.

Creating the Lord of the Rings Symphony: A Composer's Journey through Middle-Earth, Aurum Producciones, 2004.

Filming for Your Life: Making "After Hours" (short), Warner Home Video, 2004.

Acts of Violence, New Line Cinema, 2006.

Scoring the Silence (short), Twentieth Century-Fox Home Entertainment/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Home Entertainment, 2006.

Video Game Music:

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (also known as O senhor dos aneis: As duas torres), Electronic Arts, 2002.

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (also known as O senhor dos aneis: O regresso do rei), EA Games, 2003.

The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-Earth, 2004.

Lord of the Rings: Battle for Middle-Earth II—Rise of the Witch King, EA Games, 2006.

OTHER SOURCES

Books:

Contemporary Musicians, Volume 48, Gale, 2004.

Periodicals:

Entertainment Weekly, May 17, 2004, p. 50.

Playback, June, 2004, pp. 18-19.

Electronic:

Howard Shore,http://www.howardshore.com, August 26, 2007.

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Shore, Howard

Howard Shore

Composer, conductor, saxophonist

As the creator of scores for more than 50 films, Canadian composer and conductor Howard Shore has led several different musical lives. From the horn player in a sixties rock opera band, to leader of the Saturday Night Live band, to providing the epic musical backdrop to adventures in Middle Earth, Howard Shore has done more than most musicians dream of accomplishing. His award-winning success with the scores for the Lord of the Rings film trilogy echoes what John Williams experienced with his Star Wars scores. Here was a longstanding, well respected film composer who, with the help of a young visionary director, had his themes stamped into the minds of all who watched the films. It would be a challenge to find anyone walking out of a Lord of the Rings film who could not hum Shore's heroic theme for the trilogy. This achievement was the culmination of more than 20 years of film composing and of a life surrounded by music.

Shore studied in Boston at the Berklee School of Music for several years, but it was an encounter he had when he was 14 years old that set him on the path he would follow in his career. At summer camp, Shore and his fellow campers performed sketch comedies and musical acts every Saturday night. One of his fellow campers was none other than future Saturday Night Live creator Lorne Michaels. After Michaels became employed by the Canadian Broadcasting Company (CBC), Shore was also hired on as a songwriter and composer. Soon after this, Shore joined the Toronto jazz and rock group Lighthouse. The group's epic rock opera sound allowed Shore to work with orchestras and learn the basics of conducting. Lighthouse released eight albums before finally disbanding in 1976.

As Howard Shore searched for his next musical venture, he once again found himself working with his fellow ex-camper Lorne Michaels. Michaels was now starting up what would become the legendary NBC-TV sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. Shore became musical director for the show's first five seasons from 1975-80, which launched the careers of comedians like John Belushi, Bill Murray and Chevy Chase. Shore also composed the show's memorable, and still used, theme music. Shore had no idea the show would become as popular as it did. According to Shore in an interview with Index, NBC told him at the outset, "You'll be on at 11:30 p.m. Nobody is going to watch your show, so whatever you do is fine."

Toward the end of his time with Saturday Night Live, Shore was approached by another old friend, fellow Canadian and film director David Cronenberg. Cronenberg was directing the 1979 horror film The Brood, and had remembered Shore's work with CBC. Shore had never composed music for a film before. "I had studied music for years," said Shore in Index, "and I was only using a very small percentage of my ability on television and radio shows. I had grand dreams of what could be done musically. I guess I was an artist who hadn't really come out yet." Just as Shore had never scored a film before, Cronenberg had never directed a film before. The two became close friends, and a film and music partnership was soon born.

Shore's work for The Brood was met with critical acclaim, and the score led to more outstanding film work. For his film work, Shore mixed musical styles from different eras and parts of the world, and used electronic instruments and sampled sounds. Scores for films as diverse as Seven, High Fidelity, Silence of the Lambs, Ed Wood, and Dogma soon followed. Yet, it wasn't until filmmaker Peter Jackson sought out Shore's talents for the film version of J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings fantasy novels that Shore's name became instantly connected with the world of film music. Shore researched the project for months, realizing the enormity of his undertakingthe three films, when shown together, would run for more than twelve hours. Shore handled the daunting task with grace, saying in Index, "Music is just one bar at a time. There are ten bars on a page, and then it's another page. It's a huge task, but you can go at it as efficiently as you can with each bar that you're writing, because you know you are creating a rather large work."

Shore's score for the trilogy's first film, The Fellowship of the Ring, was four hours long by itself. Just as Tolkien and Jackson had created new worlds in their work, so did Shore with the films' scores. From the Celtic-inspired sounds of the Hobbits' homeland to the military march sounds depicting the castle of an evil wizard, Shore's music set the mood perfectly for a fantasy epic. "It was a daunting task," said Shore, in an interview on the CTV website. "This is one of the most loved books, printed in 40 languages. We wanted to make a movie for all of us who love Tolkien. We were fans."

For the Record

Born on October 18, 1946, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada; married Elizabeth Ann Cotnoir, August 3, 1990; children: Mae. Education: Attended Berklee School of Music in Boston, MA.

Released six albums as saxophonist with the group Light house, 1969-72; musical director for Saturday Night Live, 1975-80; began film composing work through a partnership with director David Cronenberg; composed scores for popular The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, 2001-03.

Awards: Genie Award, Best Achievement in Music: Original Music Score for Dead Ringers, 1988; Saturn Award, Best Music for Ed Wood, 1994; Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award, Best Score for Ed Wood, 1994; Grammy Award, Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture for Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2001; Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards, Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2001; Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards, Best Composer for Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2002; Chicago Film Critics Association Awards, Best Original Score for Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2002; Flanders International Film Festival, Georges Delerue Prize for Spider, 2002; Grammy Award, Best Score Soundtrack Album for a Motion Picture for Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, 2002; World Soundtrack Awards, Best Original Soundtrack for Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2002; Golden Globe Awards, Best Original Score for Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, Best Original Song for "Into the West" from Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, 2003; Chicago Film Critics Asso ciation Awards, Best Original Score for Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, 2003; Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award, Best Score for Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, 2002; Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards, Best Composer for Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, 2003; Oscar Awards, Best Music (Score) for Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, Best Music (Song) for "Into the West" from Lord of the Rings: Return of the King, 2003.

Addresses: Office Gorfaine/Schwartz Agency, 13245 Riverside Dr., Ste. 450, Sherman Oaks, CA 91423-2172. Website Howard Shore Official Website: http://www.howardshore.com.

After the completion of the trilogy, Shore had the honor of winning numerous awards for his scores, including an Academy Award for his work on The Fellowship of the Ring and two Oscar Awards for The Return of the King. In early 2004 Shore returned home to Canada, where he conducted the Montreal Symphony performing his Lord of the Rings score. Shore has shown no signs of stopping his climb to the top. He is composing scores for highly anticipated works like director Martin Scorsese's Howard Hughes biography film The Aviator, and Peter Jackson's remake of the original monster film King Kong in 2005. For Shore, it's rather simple. In the CTV website interview he said, "The cinematography, the way the actors move, the way they say their lines, the writing, the editingall of that tells me immediately what the music needs to be. The movies I choose not to do are the ones that I watch but don't have any feeling for. That does happen. But the good ones are the ones I watch, and when the movie's over I've already got the whole thing. I know exactly what it's going to sound like. The movie just tells it to me."

Selected discography

With Lighthouse

Lighthouse, RCA, 1969.

Peacing It All Together, RCA, 1970.

Suite Feeling, RCA, 1970.

One Fine Morning, Evolution, 1971.

Thoughts of Movin' On, Evolution, 1972.

Lighthouse Live!, Evolution, 1972.

Sunny Days, Edsel, 1972.

One Fine Light, RCA, 1972.

Can You Feel It, Polydor, 1974.

Good Day, Polydor, 1974.

Sunny Days Again: The Best of Lighthouse, MCA, 1999.

As composer

I Miss You, Hugs and Kisses, Astral, 1978.

The Brood, New World Pictures, 1979.

Scanners, Avco Embassy, 1981.

Silkwood, Rank, 1983.

Videodrome, Universal, 1983.

Places in the Heart, Tri-Star, 1984.

Nothing Lasts Forever, MGM, 1984.

After Hours, Geffen-Warner Brothers, 1985.

Fire with Fire, Paramount, 1986.

The Fly, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1986.

Nadine, Tri-Star, 1987.

Heaven, Island Pictures, 1987

Big, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1988.

Dead Ringers, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1988.

Moving, Warner Brothers, 1988.

Signs of Life, Avenue Entertainment, 1989.

She-Devil, Orion, 1990.

An Innocent Man, Buena Vista, 1990.

Made in Milan, 1990.

The Lemon Sisters, 1990.

Quick Change, Warner Brothers, 1991.

Postcards from the Edge, Columbia, 1991.

Naked Lunch, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1991.

The Silence of the Lambs, Orion, 1991.

A Kiss before Dying, Universal, 1991.

Single White Female, Columbia, 1992.

Prelude to a Kiss, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1992.

Sliver, Paramount, 1993.

Guilty As Sin, Buena Vista, 1993.

M. Butterfly, Warner Bros., 1993.

Mrs. Doubtfire, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1993.

Philadelphia, TriStar, 1993.

Ed Wood, Buena Vista, 1994.

Nobody's Fool, Sogepaq Distribution, 1994.

The Client, Warner Bros., 1994.

Seven, New Line Cinema, 1995.

Moonlight and Valentino, Gramercy, 1995.

White Man's Burden, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1995.

Before and After, Buena Vista, 1996.

The Truth about Cats and Dogs, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

Crash, Fine Line, 1996.

Striptease, Columbia, 1996.

Looking for Richard, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

That Thing You Do!, Twentieth Century-Fox, 1996.

Cop Land, Miramax, 1997.

The Game, Panorama, 1997.

Gloria, Columbia, 1999.

eXistenZ, Dimension Films, 1999.

Analyze This, Warner Bros., 1999.

Dogma, Lions Gate, 1999.

High Fidelity, Buena Vista, 2000.

The Yards, Miramax, 2000.

Esther Kahn, Bac Films, 2000.

The Cell, New Line Cinema, 2000.

Camera, 2000.

The Score, Paramount, 2001.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, New Line Cinema, 2001.

The Colored Star, Warner Bros., 2001.

Spider, 2002.

Panic Room, Tri-Star, 2002.

Gangs of New York, Buena Vista, 2002.

Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, New Line, 2002.

Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, New Line, 2003.

Sources

Periodicals

Entertainment Weekly, April 5, 2002; January 10, 2003.

Index, January/February 2001.

Online

"Howard Shore," All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (February 26, 2004).

"Howard Shore," Internet Movie Database, http://www.imdb.com (February 26, 2004).

Howard Shore Official Website, http://www.howardshore.com (February 26, 2004).

"Lighthouse," All Music Guide, http://www.allmusic.com (February 25, 2004).

"Toronto-born composer wins two Golden Globes," CTV, http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1075125160980_18// (February 26, 2004).

Jason Gibner

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Shore, Howard

HOWARD SHORE

Born: Toronto, Ontario, 18 October 1946

Genre: Soundtrack

Best-selling album since 1990: Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001)


Howard Shore is a film soundtrack composer, arranger, orchestrator, conductor, and music director whose specialty is the sound of other worlds, especially those that are dark or strange. Winner of an Academy Award for his score for The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring (2001), Shore has composed scores for the other two installments of that nearly nine-hour trilogy, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2002) and The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King (2003); in February 2003 he conducted the London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Voices, and the London Oratory School Schola in two of six-movements drawn from the entire work.

Shore is a supremely prolific movie-music maker; while working on The Lord of the Rings, he contributed a concert piece, "Brooklyn Heights," to the soundtrack of Martin Scorsese's Gangs of New York (2002) and prepared the score for Spider (2003), sustaining his three-decade-long collaboration with the Canadian director David Cronenberg.

Shore earned a degree from Boston's Berklee School of Music in the late 1960s and then returned to Canada, where he co-founded the thirteen-piece jazz-rock fusion band Lighthouse. As leader of that ensemble from 1969 through 1972, he played flute, saxophone, trumpet; vocalized; wrote songs and arrangements; and went on concert tours. Lighthouse won several Juno awards (Canadian Grammys). Shore was the first musical director of the television show Saturday Night Live, hired by SNL's Canadian director Lorne Michaels for a tenure that began in 1975 and that continued through his initial film project with Cronenberg, The Brood (1979). Since then he has concentrated on writing for movies, while composing chamber music for personal satisfaction (as such, it has not been heard or recorded). In 1993 he wrote the main title theme for Conan O'Brien's late-night television show.

At first, Shore worked on low-budget horror pictures, although Cronenberg's Scanners (1981), Videodrome (1983), and The Fly (1986) have other ambitions than simply to scare. Shore also scored Scorsese's Kafkaesque comedy about downtown New York, After Hours (1985). One of his most successful early soundtracks was for the sunny Tom Hanks vehicle Big (1988), but Shore returned to the dark genre for Cronenberg's Dead Ringers (1988), for which he won a Genie (Canadian Oscar) in 1989.

In the 1990s, Shore applied himself to a greater range of subjects, including higher-budget suspense films and thrillers (The Silence of the Lambs [1991]; A Kiss Before Dying [1991]; Prelude to a Kiss [1992]; Single White Female [1992]; Sliver [1993]; The Client [1994]; Seven [1995]; Crash [1996]; Cop Land [1997]; The Game [1997]; The Cell [2000]; Panic Room [2002]); off-beat comedies and satires (Mrs. Doubtfire [1993]; Ed Wood [1994]; The Truth About Cats & Dogs [1996]; Striptease [1996]; That Thing You Do! [1996]; Analyze This [1999]; eXistenZ [1999]; Dogma [1999]; High Fidelity [2000]); and the occasional drama (M. Butterfly [1993]; Philadelphia [1993]; Nobody's Fool [1994]; White Man's Burden [1995]; Gloria [1999]; The Yards [2000]). Shore even scored Looking for Richard (1996), Al Pacino's nonfiction film of fragmentary performances of Shakespeare's Richard III.

Shore does not hew to any one style or strategy but allows each film to suggest its own appropriate, if sometimes odd, choices. For instance, in Naked Lunch (1991), Cronenberg's adaptation of the surreal novel by the beat writer William S. Burroughs, Shore had the avant-garde saxophonist Ornette Coleman solo in countermelody to a pre-recorded song by Thelonious Monk. Shore's score for Cronenberg's Crash (1996) employed multiple dissonant guitars, while his addition to Philadelphia was a sad yet comforting instrumental piece that closes the soundtrack album. His score for the first Lord of the Rings movie included vocals by the New Age singer Enya and mystical choral cues; he claimed the second of the three films contained 95 percent new music.

Shore is capable of working with world music, period genres, conventional symphonic forces, and electronic sounds. Far from taking the safe path of lulling the viewer/listener into a comfort zone, his work is unpredictable and often creates a feeling of excitement or surprise.

SELECTIVE DISCOGRAPHY:

Silence of the Lambs (Hannibal, 1991); Naked Lunch (Milan, 1991); Mrs. Doubtfire (Arista, 1993); M. Butterfly (Varese Saraband, 1993); Philadelphia (Epic Soundtrax, 1993); That Thing You Do! (Sony Columbia, 1996); Striptease (EMI, 1996); Crash ( Milan, 1996); Looking for Richard (Angel 1996); Existenze (RCA Victor, 1999); High Fidelity (Universal, 2000); The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring (Warner Bros./Reprise 2001); The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (Warner Bros./Reprise, 2002); The Lord of the Rings: Return of the King (Warner Bros./Reprise 2003).

howard mandel

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