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Martin, Dean

Dean Martin

American entertainer Dean Martin (1917–1995) was known for his nonchalant style and breezy wit. Immensely popular in his time, he first became famous as the straight man of the comic duo Martin and Lewis in 1946.

Martin also recorded hit records in his distinctive baritone, starred in motion pictures, and had his own long-running television program. But any snapshot of the multi-talented Martin would be incomplete without mention of his legendary affiliation with Hollywood's Rat Pack and his ever-present, if somewhat exaggerated, cocktail personae.

Early Years

Martin was born Dino Paul Crocetti on June 7, 1917, in Steubenville, Ohio. His parents, Angela and Gaetano (a barber), had emigrated from southern Italy around the turn of the nineteenth century and the young Martin reputedly spoke only Italian until he was five years old. Steubenville was a tough town in those days, known as "Little Chicago" because of its affinity for gambling and other assorted vices, and Martin was not immune to the influences of his environment. He dropped out of high school at 16 and worked for a while as a liquor runner for bootleggers. But even this somewhat less than auspicious beginning could not hide his early tendency to perform. "He was a comedian," Martin's childhood friend Mario Camerlengo told John Soeder of the Houston Chronicle. "He always disturbed the class. When the teacher would say, 'Dino, you'll have to leave,' he'd hit me on the head as he shuffled out."

After his stint running booze, Martin tried his hand at amateur boxing under the name "Kid Crochet." That pursuit did not last long, as, according to Rob Parker of the London Observer, Martin often recalled in later years, "I won all but 11 of my 12 fights." He went on to work variously as a shoeshine boy, gas station attendant, steel mill laborer, and croupier before striking out to make his name as a singer.

Although blessed with a smooth baritone voice, Martin's early career as a singer progressed slowly. He sang with club bands around the Midwest, and made his coast-to-coast radio debut on Cleveland's WTAM (AM) in 1942, but failed to cause much of a stir at first. Bing Crosby's renowned crooning was imitated by most young singers of the day, and Martin was no exception. J.D. Reed of People quoted Martin as saying, "I copied Bing until I had a style of my own." In the 1940s the emulation of his idol accorded Martin sufficient success to make him a regular at New York City nightclubs and on radio, but it was a fateful pairing in nearby Atlantic City, New Jersey, that rocketed him to fame.

Martin and Lewis

In 1946 Martin was booked for a six-week engagement at Atlantic City's 500 Club. A wacky young comedian named Jerry Lewis was also working there, and kismet struck when the illness of another performer put the pair on the same bill. Martin's mildly bemused and effortlessly elegant straight man combined with the wildly frenzied antics of Lewis to become an instant hit with audiences, and formed the basis of a tremendously popular partnership that would last ten years. Indeed, half a century later comedian Alan King told Reed, "I've been around 50 years, and no one ever created the kind of pandemonium they did."

The duo's success led them to the Copacabana in New York, where they gained top billing and the then-princely salary of $5,000 a week. Two years later they conquered the West Coast at Slapsie Maxie Rosenbloom's nightclub in Beverly Hills, and a movie deal with Paramount Pictures soon followed. Martin and Lewis made sixteen films together, starting with 1949's My Friend Irma and ending with Hollywood or Bust in 1956. In between were such crowd pleasers as At War with the Army (1950), The Caddy (1953), and Living It Up (1954). The Caddy was also notable because it clearly established Martin's singing credentials, generating the top ten solo effort and Oscar-nominated hit That's Amore.

Despite one of the most successful partnerships in the history of show business and the resulting fortunes made by both members, Martin and Lewis had a mercurial relationship. Temperamentally disparate, the two had little in common off the screen and stage, and the ongoing volatility reportedly became wearing for Martin. In 1956 things came to a head, and the pair parted company. Few expected Martin's career to survive, but the kid from Steubenville surprised them all.

The Rat Pack

Martin's detractors were hardly shocked when Martin's first solo movie effort, Ten Thousand Bedrooms, was a resounding flop in 1957. They were taken aback, however, when 1958's The Young Lions showcased a heretofore unsuspected dramatic talent in Martin. He followed that up with a critically-acclaimed performance with John Wayne in Rio Bravo and another with Frank Sinatra and Shirley MacLaine in Some Came Running. Thus having beaten the odds and demonstrated his merit as a serious actor, Martin stood ready to reinvent himself yet again.

Martin's newest personae took shape as he aligned himself with an offshoot of a group originated by Humphrey Bogart. By the late 1950s the clan had morphed into Sinatra's infamous "Rat Pack," and Martin was installed as second in command. The core of the Pack consisted of Sinatra, Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Lawford, and Joey Bishop; and as they performed together in movies and, most notoriously, Las Vegas, they came to epitomize an irreverent style of hip sophistication that defined the early 1960s. Amidst all that panache, no one was more urbane, laid back, or surpassingly cool than Martin. Tuxedo-clad, cigarette in one hand and cocktail in the other, Martin's latest role was that of a debonair boozer with a nonchalant wit.

The Rat Pack's slightly risqué focus on sex, liquor, and general carousing made Las Vegas their natural playground. Gambling, drinking, and womanizing were the order of the day (and night); but the group worked hard as well, and their casino nightclub act was hugely popular. While some tongues may have wagged at the level of excess, nobody doubted that Sinatra and his boys were having a great time. As Martin's old friend, actor Debbie Reynolds, told Reed, "A lot of people wished they could have a third as much fun as [the Pack] did." Martin, dubbed the "Clown Prince" of the clan, expressed his satisfaction in a typically offhand manner at a Rat Pack tour press conference by saying, according to Newsweek's Karen Schoemer, "We're happy to be doing this thing. What the hell."

Top Talent Across Media

Martin's association with the Rat Pack did not hamper his solo career. He continued to record as a singer, producing his first number one hit, Memories Are Made Of This, in 1955. He famously repeated that achievement in 1964, when he bumped The Beatles out of the top spot with his recording of Everybody Loves Somebody. According to Schoemer, Martin was spurred to such a feat by frustration with his son's non-stop admiration of the British pop sensation, and reportedly said, "I'm gonna knock your little pallies off the charts." By the end of his recording career, 40 of Martin's singles had hit the charts, including seven in the top ten. He also recorded 11 gold albums.

Martin also made his mark on television. The year 1965 saw the debut of The Dean Martin Show, a variety program that lasted nine years on NBC. The show was such a success that Martin was able to negotiate a lucrative contract that was the largest of its time and earned him a place in the Guinness Book of World Records as the highest paid entertainer of his day.

Nor did Martin neglect the silver screen, although his later reviews never quite equaled those of his early work. His vehicles ranged from light comedy to westerns, including his only musical, 1960's Bells Are Ringing, Kiss Me, Stupid in 1964, Rough Night in Jericho in 1967, and Airport in 1970. He also made four Matt Helm films, which were send-ups of James Bond, in the 1960s. In short, Martin had proved himself a major talent across a variety of venues during the course of his career.

Fade Out and Reprise

With time, Martin began to fade slowly out of the limelight and appeared content to do so on his own terms. His last movie was 1984's kitschy Cannonball Run II. In 1988 he bowed out of a Rat Pack reunion tour after only a short time on the job. Sometime before that, he had stopped making records. He also declined to take part in a 1992 retrospective on Martin and Lewis with his old comedy partner. Instead, Martin played his beloved golf and contented himself with solitary dinners at a favorite Italian restaurant in Beverly Hills.

Part of the self-imposed isolation of Martin's later years was undoubtedly a reflection of his basically solitary personality. He was never much for talking or taking things too seriously. As his son Ricci told Reed, "He joked that it wasn't the chat that bothered him, it was the chit." And director Richard Corliss of Time quoted Vincente Minnelli as saying, "Dean would rather die than have you believed he cared." But care he did, and that caring was widely thought to play a large part in his withdrawal.

Martin had married and divorced three times by 1976, and had fathered seven children. One of those children, Dean Paul Martin (known as Dino Jr.), was tragically killed in a plane crash during a California Air National Guard training mission in 1987, at the age of 35. That tragedy, coupled with the losses of such old friends as his assistant Mack Gray and the Rat Pack's Davis, pierced the studied nonchalance of the aging performer and almost surely contributed to his increasing reclusiveness. Martin's storied drinking, once mainly a stage prop of apple juice, escalated in earnest and he moved further into the very mystique that had made him a star. When he died on Christmas Day in 1995, Martin had long been out of the public eye.

The public remembered Martin nonetheless. As late as 2004, Capitol Records released a compilation called Dino: The Essential Dean Martin, which soared to number 28 on the Billboard 200 chart and became one of iTunes' Top Five Digital Downloads. Musician and actor Steven Van Zandt described his appeal in the liner notes for the CD, as quoted by Soeder: "Dino represented a traditional style that would prove to be timeless…. He was the coolest dude I'd ever seen, period." As Martin might have said, "No question about it, pally."


Billboard, January 6, 1996.

Broadcasting & Cable, November 8, 1999.

Entertainment Weekly, January 12, 1996.

Houston Chronicle, June 20, 2004.

Newsweek, January 8, 1996.

Observer (London, England), April 18, 2004.

People, January 8, 1996.

Plain Dealer, June 4, 2004.

Sunday Times (London, England), December 31, 1995.

Sunday Telegraph, October 31, 2004.

Time, January 8, 1996.

Times (London, England), December 27, 1995.


"Dean Martin," IMDb, (January 4, 2006).

"Dean Martin," NNDB, (January 4, 2006).

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Martin, Dean

Dean Martin


For the Record

Selected discography


Singer Dean Martin has achieved show-business success with an unlikely combinationromantic crooning and low-key comedy. A headliner in both television and movies for thirty years, Martin is admired today for his deep and easy baritone renditions of such favorites as Thats Amore and Everybody Loves Somebody. A Look magazine contributor explains that Martin has appealed to millions of fans in America and abroad because they see him as a very fine person touched only by a few glamorous faultsthat is, the reputation of a drinker, a woman chaser, a swingerand nobody will say a word against him.

That so-called reputation is more fantasy than fact; Martin long ago developed an onstage act of semi-drunkenness as a comic routine, and his personal life is less sensational than many of his fellow crooners. In Newsweek, a reviewer notes that whatever his private style, Martins not-give-a-damn attitude in public is probably the quality that endears him to most fans. Fellow actor Anthony Quinn offered a similar observation in Time.All of us seem to be plagued by responsibility, hemmed in by convention, Quinn said. Dean is the symbol of the guy who can go on, get drunk, have no responsibilities.

Martin was born Dino Crocetti on June 17, 1917. His father was an immigrant from the Abruzzi region of Italy who came to live with his brothers in Steubenville, Ohio. Martin grew up in Steubenville in what he describes in Look as a good measure of comfort. These emigrated Italians were not skilled workers like pharmacists or lawyers, but they knew how to work hard, he said. My father did too. He worked hard as a barber, and he got his own barbershop. He gave us a beautiful home, and a car, and good food, and good Christmases, and we never were poor, my brother and I.

Martin was enthralled by Hollywood from an early age, and he spent most of his free afternoons at Steubenvilles movie theatres. He was particularly influenced by Bing Crosby, as he remembered in Look: When a Bing Crosby movie ever came to Steubenville, I would stay there all day and watch. And thats how I learned to sing, cause its true I dont read a note. I dont. I learned from Crosby, and so did [Frank] Sinatra, and Perry Como. We all started imitatin him; he was the teacher for all of us.

Martin dropped out of school in tenth grade and drifted through a series of odd jobs in the Midwest. He earned the most money by dealing cards in gambling houses, but he also did stints as an amateur boxer, a steel mill worker, and a singer with the Ernie McKay Band in Cleveland. He adopted Dino Martini as a stage name at first, then changed it to the more American Dean Martinfor many of the early years of his career he was

For the Record

Real name, Dino Crocetti; born June 17, 1917, in Steubenville, Ohio; son of Guy (a barber) and Angela Crocetti; married Elizabeth Ann MaDonald, 1940 (divorced, 1949); married Jeanne Bieggers, 1949 (divorced); married Cathy Hawn, 1973; children: (first marriage) Craig, Claudia, Gail, Deanna; (second marriage) Dino (deceased), Ricci, Gina.

Singer, 1940; during 1940s also worked in a steel mill, as a croupier, and as a welterweight boxer; performed in comedy-musical team with Jerry Lewis, 1946-56; actor in numerous feature films, including My Friend Irma Goes West, 1949, At War With the Army, 1950, Jumpin Jacks, 1953, The Caddy, 1953, Rio Bravo, 1959, Some Came Running, 1959, Robin and the Seven Hoods, 1964, The Sons of Katie Elder, 1965, The Silencers, 1966, Airport, 1970, Cannonball Run, 1981, and Cannonball Run ; star of television variety show, The Dean Martin Show, NBC, 1966-70; star of television specials, The Dean Martin Celebrity Roast, 1976-78.

Awards: Academy Award nomination for best song, Thats Amore, 1963; Golden Globe Award, 1967, for The Dean Martin Show; holder of numerous gold records.

Addresses: Home 2002 Loma Vista Dr., Beverly Hills CA 90210. Office c/o Mort Viner, International Creative Management, 8899 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles CA 90048.

sensitive about his ethnic background. Martin moved to New York in the early 1940s to seek work as a club singer. He had several lean years during which he had to drive a cab to support his growing family.

Finally, in 1946, he earned a regular spot at the Rio Bamba club. In the summer of that same year he appeared at the Club 500 in Atlantic City, on the same bill with a young comedian named Jerry Lewis. After-hours, Martin and Lewis began to socialize. We started horsing around with each others acts, he told the Saturday Evening Post.Thats how the team of Martin and Lewis started. Wed do anything that came to our minds. Martin and Lewis tried out their new act on the customers at Club 500. They were a hit, so much so that they were invited to the prestigious Copacabana in New York, where they soon garnered top billing and salaries of $5000 per week.

Martin and Lewis went west to Hollywood as established stars. They signed a long-term movie deal with Paramount Pictures and subsequently made sixteen films for the company. Their film work reflected the same pattern as their stage showwhile Martin played the suave, straight crooner, Lewis perpetrated noisy and disruptive antics. Inevitably both men looked like buffoons, but Martin was the partner who suffered most. I sang a song and never got to finish the song, Martin told Look.The camera would go over [Lewis] doin funny things, then it would come back to me when Id finished. Everythin was Jerry Lewis, Jerry Lewis, and I was the straight man. I was an idiot in every picture. And I was makin a lot of money, you know, but money isnt all, is it, and I knew I could do so much better. And I proved it. Not to the public, not to the country or the world. To myself.

Martins first solo film, Ten Thousand Bedrooms, was a critical failure. New York Times critic Bosley Crowther commented that, without Lewis, Martin was just another nice-looking crooner. Together, the two made a mutually complementary team. Apart, Mr. Martin is a fellow with little humor and a modicum of charm. The ensuing years would prove Crowthers judgment wrong. Martins film career blossomed in the 1960s, with major roles in works like Rio Bravo, Some Came Running, Bells Are Ringing, and the drama Toys in the Attic. By 1970 he was awarded the coveted role of the captain in the first Airport movie, one of the biggest films released that year.

Martin further confounded the critics by becoming one of the most popular television stars of the 1960s. His weekly variety hour, The Dean Martin Show, led the ratings from 1966 until the early 1970s. On that show, unencumbered by Lewis, Martin was able to singseveral songs each weekas well as pursue his affable drunk routine to comic perfection. A Time reviewer called The Dean Martin Show the closest thing on the air to the free and easy spontaneity of old-fashioned live television.

Martin was best known in the 1970s for his celebrity roasts, television specials in which a selected star would endure a string of good-natured insults from his or her peers. He also aired a series of Christmas specials, some of which featured his seven children. More recently Martin has returned to club work in California and Las Vegas; his films of the 1980s include Cannonball Run and Cannonball Run II. Tragedy struck Martin in 1987 when his son, Dean Paul, was killed in an airplane crash; the singer has kept a lower profile since that event.

Where once Martin was somewhat ashamed of being Italianand ashamed of his poor command of Englishhe has come to value his heritage as it relates especially to his singing. Italians are so talented, he told Look. Just take the singers here; 90 percent are Italian. Cause they sing from here, from the heart, the stomach, not the throat. Anybody can sing from the throat, but then you just say words. No one has ever accused Martin of singing from the throathis rolling baritone seems to slide from beneath his ribs. Reflecting on his many years as a superstar of screen and stage, Martin told Newsweek: I never have cared what New York or Hollywood or Las Vegas want. I always plays to de common folk. I guess its just that I seem to have a good time, and I do, and theyd like to do what Im doing.

Selected discography

Thats Amore, Capitol, 1953.

Everybody Loves Somebody, Reprise, 1964.

The Best of Dean Martin, Capitol, 1966.

Dreams and Memories, 1986.

Dino, Capitol.

Also recorded Memories Are Made of This.


Life, December 22, 1958.

Look, November 8, 1960; December 26, 1967.

Newsweek, March 20, 1967.

New York Post Magazine, June 5, 1960.

New York Times, April 4, 1957.

Saturday Evening Post, April 29, 1961.

Time, March 11, 1966.

Anne Janette Johnson

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Martin, Dean


Nationality: American. Born: Dino Paul Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio, 17 June 1917. Education: Left school in 10th grade. Family: Married 1) Elizabeth Ann McDonald, 1940 (divorced 1949), four

children; 2) Jeanne Rieggers, 1949 (divorced 1973), three children; 3) Catherine Mae Hawn, 1973 (divorced 1976), adopted daughter: Sasha. Career: Amateur boxer as "Kid Crocket," then worked in steel mill and as clerk and croupier; singer, as Dino Martino, with Ernie McKay's Band; then singer and dealer in gambling houses; 1946—booked in Rio Bamba, New York; teamed with Jerry Lewis in double act, and worked in clubs, radio, and television; 1949—film debut in My Friend Irma; 1950–55—host, with Lewis, The Colgate Comedy Hour on television; 1956—broke with Lewis, and became solo performer as singer and actor; 1965–74—star of The Dean Martin Show, on television. Died: Of acute respiratory failure, in Beverly Hills, California, 25 December 1995.

Films as Actor:


My Friend Irma (George Marshall) (as Steve Baird)


My Friend Irma Goes West (Walker) (as Steve Baird); At War with the Army (Walker) (as Sgt. Puccinelli)


That's My Boy (Walker) (as Bill Baker); Sailor Beware (Walker) (as Al Crowthers)


Jumping Jacks (Taurog) (as Chick Allen); Road to Bali (Walker) (as himself)


The Stooge (Taurog) (as Bill Miller); Scared Stiff (George Marshall) (as Larry Todd); The Caddy (Taurog) (as Joe Anthony); Money from Home (George Marshall) (as Honey Talk Nelson)


Living It Up (Taurog) (as Steve); Three-Ring Circus (Pevney) (as Pete Nelson)


You're Never Too Young (Taurog) (as Bob Miles); Artists and Models (Tashlin) (as Rick Todd)


Pardners (Taurog) (as Slim Mosely, Jr.); Hollywood or Bust (Tashlin) (as Steve Wiley)


Ten Thousand Bedrooms (Thorpe) (as Ray Hunter)


The Young Lions (Dmytryk) (as Michael Whiteacre); Some Came Running (Minnelli) (as Bama Dillert)


Rio Bravo (Hawks) (as Dude); Career (Anthony) (as Maury Novak)


Who Was That Lady? (Sidney) (as Michael Haney); Bells Are Ringing (Minnelli) (as Jeffrey Moss); Ocean's Eleven (Milestone) (as Sam Harmon); Pepe (Sidney) (as himself)


All in a Night's Work (Anthony) (as Tony Ryder); Ada (Daniel Mann) (as Bo Gillis)


Sergeants 3 (John Sturges) (as Sgt. Chip Deal); The Road to Hong Kong (Panama) (as himself); Who's Got the Action (Daniel Mann) (as Steve Flood)


Come Blow Your Horn (Yorkin) (as the Bum); Toys in the Attic (Hill) (as Julian Berniers); Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed? (Daniel Mann) (as Jason Steel); Four for Texas (Aldrich) (as Joe Jarrett)


What a Way to Go! (Thompson) (as Leonard Crawley); Robin and the Seven Hoods (Douglas) (as Little John); Kiss Me, Stupid (Wilder) (as Dino)


The Sons of Katie Elder (Hathaway) (as Tom Elder); Marriage on the Rocks (Donohue) (as Ernie Brewer)


The Silencers (Karlson) (as Matt Helm); Texas across the River (Gordon) (as Sam Hollis); Murderer's Row (Levin) (as Matt Helm)


Rough Night in Jericho (Laven) (as Alex Flood); The Ambushers (Levin) (as Matt Helm)


Bandolero! (McLagen) (as Dee Bishop); How to Save a Marriage—and Ruin Your Life (Cook) (as David Sloane); Five Card Stud (Hathaway) (as Van Morgan); The Wrecking Crew (Karlson) (as Matt Helm)


Airport (Seaton) (as Vernon Demerest)


Something Big (McLagen) (as Joe Baker)


Showdown (Seaton) (as Billy Massey)


Mr. Ricco (Bogart) (as Joe Ricco)


Cannonball Run (Needham) (as Jamie Blake)


Bonjour, Monsieur Lewis (Benayoun—doc)


Cannonball Run II (Needham) (as Jamie Blake)


Half-Nelson (Bilson—for TV)


On MARTIN: books—

Parish, James Robert, and William T. Leonard, The Funsters, New Rochelle, New York, 1979.

Wallis, Hal, and Charles Higham, Starmaker, New York, 1980.

Freedland, Michael, Dino: The Dean Martin Story, London, 1984.

Tosches, Nick, Dino: Living High in the Dirty Business of Dreams, New York, 1992.

Durk & others, Dean Martin: A Complete Guide to the "Total Entertainer", Exeter, 1998.

Levy, Shawn, Rat Pack Confidential: Frank, Dean, Sammy, Peter, Joey & the Last Great Showbiz Party, New York, 1998.

Stanley, Alessandra, Dean Martin Plays Moscow, New York, 1998.

Quirk, Lawrence J., The Rat Pack: The Hey-Hey Days of Frank & the Boys, Dallas, 1998.

Schoell, William, Martini Man: The Life of Dean Martin, Dallas, 1999.

Quirk, Lawrence J., The Rat Pack: Neon Lights with the Kings of Cool, New York, 1999.

On MARTIN: articles—

Ciné Revue (Paris), 12 March 1981.

Barth, J., "Kino Dino," in Premiere, February 1992.

Murphy, Mary, "The Days and Nights of Dean Martin," in TV Guide, 16 July 1994.

Krutnik, Frank, "The Handsome Man and His Monkey: The Comic Bondage of Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis," in Journal of Popular Film and Television (Washington, D.C.), Spring 1995.

Obituary, in New York Times, 26 December 1995.

Obituary, in Variety (New York), 1 January 1996.

Obituary, in Classic Images (Muscatine), February 1996.

Legrand, Gérard, "Dean Martin ou Les surprises du nonchaloir," in Positif (Paris), March 1996.

Wolcott, J., "When They Were Kings," in Vanity Fair (New York), May 1997.

Whiteside, J., "Rat Pack 'Hey-Hey' Days Link Vegas to H'w'd Excess," in Variety (New York), 11/17 August 1997.

* * *

Like no other act of the late 1940s, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis burst onto and dominated the American show business scene. An immediate hit in nightclubs, the duo was signed by producer Hal Wallis for Paramount Pictures. With their third film, At War with the Army, released in 1951, Martin and Lewis began a six-year run as major movie stars. In 1952, they moved into first place in the annual Motion Picture Herald listing of top ten ranking stars. Only Artists and Models and Hollywood or Bust (both directed by Frank Tashlin), however, are remembered today except by hardcore Martin and Lewis fans.

In 1956 Martin and Lewis split. Lewis continued in the movies, going on to produce and direct his own pictures, and for a time Martin's career seemed to flounder. Ironically, in retrospect, it was during this period of the late 1950s in which Martin produced his most significant work as a motion picture actor. He was good in The Young Lions, but superb in Howard Hawks's Rio Bravo, in which his reforming drunk demonstrated that in the right part Martin could be a great actor.

Also during this period, Martin shifted away from movies toward other media, principally popular music. In 1958, he produced a pair of million-selling singles in "Return to Me," and "Volare." At that time he also linked up with Frank Sinatra and became a charter member of the so-called "Rat Pack." Sinatra-led films followed: Ocean's Eleven, Sergeants 3, and Robin and the Seven Hoods. This work led Martin to a revitalized film career in the mid-1960s and so he reemerged back onto the ranking of top stars because of a dismal but popular spoof of James Bond in The Silencers. Martin again played Matt Helm in the sequel, Murderer's Row, but at that point moved to television complete with a popular NBC variety show. This led to gigs in Las Vegas and later Atlantic City so that alone Rio Bravo, sadly, will remain the lone monument to an acting talent wasted.

—Douglas Gomery

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