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Edmund

Edmund (d. 870), king of East Anglia, known as ‘the Martyr’. More famous in legend and because of the grotesque method of his martyrdom than in his life and works, Edmund, the last effective king of the East Angles of native stock, was killed by the Danes, probably under their leaders, Ingware and Ubba, on 20 November 870. Stories quickly grew concerning his sanctity, his refusal to forswear Christianity, and the nature of his death (tied to a tree and shot to death by Danish arrows). His burial place at Bury St Edmunds became a shrine of special veneration, and the great abbey founded there helped to perpetuate his memory. Even in Scandinavia his memory was later held in great esteem.

Henry Loyn

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"Edmund." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Edmund." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved June 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edmund

Edmund

Edmund, 921–46, king of Wessex (939–46), half-brother and successor of Athelstan. Immediately after his accession he had to face an invasion of Irish vikings led by Olaf Guthfrithson. He was forced to cede to them the territory between Watling Street and the Northumbrian border (already occupied partly by Danes), and he succeeded in recapturing it in 944 only because of the quarrels among the Norse leaders. In 945 he invaded Strathclyde, which he then turned over to the Scottish king Malcolm I. Edmund was killed in a brawl and was succeeded by his brother Edred.

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"Edmund." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Edmund." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved June 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edmund

Edmund

Edmund, son of Malcolm Canmore by Margaret, daughter of Edward the Atheling, is said to have shared the throne of Scotland with his uncle Donald III from 1094 to 1097, taking the southern part. They were then ousted by Edmund's brother Edgar, supported by William Rufus. Edmund is reported to have become a monk in England, where his sister Matilda was queen to Henry I, and to have died in the Cluniac priory at Montacute in Somerset.

J. A. Cannon

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Edmund

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"Edmund." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Jun. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Edmund." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved June 25, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/edmund