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Douglas, Archibald, 4th earl of Douglas

Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of Douglas, 1369–1424, Scottish nobleman, called Tyneman [loser]; 2d son of Archibald Douglas, 3d earl of Douglas. In 1390 he married Margaret Stuart, daughter of Robert III. He held Edinburgh against the English when Henry IV invaded in 1400. In 1402 Douglas was tried and acquitted of the murder of David Stuart, duke of Rothesay, heir apparent to the throne. Later that year Douglas led a Scottish army against the English and was taken prisoner by Sir Henry Percy at Homildon Hill. He was then induced to join the Percy conspiracy against Henry IV, but at the battle of Shrewsbury (1403) he was taken prisoner by Henry and held until ransomed in 1408. From 1412 to 1422, Douglas continued his border warfare against England and was a member of several delegations of Scottish nobles who tried, unsuccessfully, to ransom their young king, James I, from the English. In 1423 he and his Scottish contingent joined the French against the English. He was made lieutenant general of the French army and duke of Touraine. In 1424 the allies were defeated at Verneuil, and Douglas was slain.

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"Douglas, Archibald, 4th earl of Douglas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Douglas, Archibald, 4th earl of Douglas." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-archibald-4th-earl-douglas

Douglas, Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of (S), lord of Galloway and Annandale, duke of Touraine

Douglas, Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of [S], lord of Galloway and Annandale, duke of Touraine (c.1372–1424). Son and heir of Archibald ‘the Grim’, 3rd earl of Douglas [S], and later nicknamed ‘the Tyneman’ (the Loser), perhaps because of his participation in so many battles on the losing side (Homildon, 1402; Shrewsbury, 1403; Verneuil, 1424), in the process losing his liberty, various parts of his anatomy, and ultimately his life. Earl Archibald was none the less a magnate of immense power and influence, the dominating force in southern Scotland and one of the triumvirate (with Albany and Mar) who controlled the country during the captivity of James I.

Latterly Douglas supported the cause of Charles VII of France against the English, and was thus prudently absent from Scotland on James I's return there in the spring of 1424. Created lieutenant-general of the French army and duke of Touraine, Douglas was killed in battle against John, duke of Bedford's forces at Verneuil in Perche (August 1424).

Norman Macdougall

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"Douglas, Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of (S), lord of Galloway and Annandale, duke of Touraine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Jul. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Douglas, Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of (S), lord of Galloway and Annandale, duke of Touraine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 24, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-archibald-douglas-4th-earl-s-lord-galloway-and-annandale-duke-touraine

"Douglas, Archibald Douglas, 4th earl of (S), lord of Galloway and Annandale, duke of Touraine." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved July 24, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/douglas-archibald-douglas-4th-earl-s-lord-galloway-and-annandale-duke-touraine