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Leslie, Alexander

Leslie, Alexander (c.1580–1661). Leslie was a good professional soldier, who served for many years with great distinction in the Swedish army and fought alongside Gustav Adolf at Lützen in 1632. When the Scottish presbyterians began armed resistance in 1639, Leslie was placed in command of the covenanting army. In 1640 he brushed aside royalist resistance at Newburn and occupied Newcastle. During the armed truce before the outbreak of the Civil War, he was created earl of Leven [S] in 1641. He remained at the head of the Scottish forces in alliance with the English Parliament and fought at Marston Moor. When Charles II, after the execution of his father, reached an understanding with the Scottish presbyterians, Leslie once more commanded their forces, but was badly beaten by Cromwell at Dunbar in 1650. Captured in 1651, he spent some time in the Tower of London. Leslie was a competent experienced man with unusual gifts of conciliation and tact.

J. A. Cannon

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"Leslie, Alexander." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Leslie, Alexander." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leslie-alexander

"Leslie, Alexander." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved September 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leslie-alexander

Leven, Alexander Leslie, 1st earl of

Alexander Leslie Leven, 1st earl of (lĕv´ən), 1580?–1661, Scottish general. He served in the Swedish army some 30 years, being knighted by Gustavus II and fighting in the Thirty Years War. Returning to Scotland in 1638, he led the army of the Covenanters in the Bishops' Wars. Charles I made him earl in 1641, hoping to gain his support. Nevertheless, following the conclusion of the Solemn League and Covenant between the Scots and the English Parliament (see English civil war), Leven led (1644) an army into England and took part in the defeat of the king at Marston Moor. When Charles surrendered to the Scottish army in 1646, Leven had charge of him until the royal prisoner was handed over to the English in 1647. Although Leven resigned actual command of the army to his nephew David Leslie before the Scottish Covenanters (by then royalists) were defeated (1650) at Dunbar, he was twice imprisoned briefly in the Tower of London.

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"Leven, Alexander Leslie, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Leven, Alexander Leslie, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leven-alexander-leslie-1st-earl

"Leven, Alexander Leslie, 1st earl of." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leven-alexander-leslie-1st-earl