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syncope

syncope The technical term for fainting. The immediate cause of loss of consciousness is failure of oxygen supply to the brain, because of failure of adequate blood flow, due in turn to a severe fall in blood pressure. Syncope usually refers to a ‘vaso–vagal’ episode, in which the heart is slowed by parasympathetic stimulation (via the vagus nerves), perhaps as a result of fear or disgust, and the blood pressure falls, causing first faintness and then loss of consciousness. Standing or sitting still for a long time can also contribute — gravity tends to ‘pool’ blood in the legs, causing inadequate return to the heart. In quite different circumstances, a person may ‘pass out’ due to blood loss, again because of a fall in blood pressure, but in this instance the heart rate is fast. Fainting, with a slow heart rate, occurs also with heart block

Stuart Judge


See fainting; shock.

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"syncope." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"syncope." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncope

syncope

syn·co·pe / ˈsingkəpē/ • n. 1. Med. temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure. 2. Gram. the omission of sounds or letters from within a word, e.g., when probably is pronounced / ˈpräblē/ . DERIVATIVES: syn·co·pal / -pəl/ adj.

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"syncope." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syncope." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncope-0

"syncope." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncope-0

SYNCOPE

SYNCOPE [Stress: ‘SING-ko-py’]. A traditional term for CONTRACTION in the middle of a word through the loss of a sound or letter, commonly marked (especially in verse) by an apostrophe: ever reduced to e'er, even to e'en, taken to ta'en. The process or act of making such a contraction is syncopation.

See ELISION, STRINE.

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"SYNCOPE." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"SYNCOPE." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncope

syncope

syncope (fainting) (sink-ŏ-pi) n. loss of consciousness due to a sudden drop in blood pressure, resulting in a temporarily insufficient flow of blood to the brain. It commonly occurs in otherwise healthy people and may be caused by an emotional shock, by standing for prolonged periods, or by injury and profuse bleeding.

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"syncope." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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syncope

syncope (path.) failure of the heart's action; grammatical syncopation. XVI (XV †syncopis). — late L. syncopē — Gr. sugkopḗ, f. SYN- + kop- strike, cut off.

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"syncope." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"syncope." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncope-1

syncope

syncope See fainting

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"syncope." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syncope." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncope

"syncope." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/syncope

syncope

syncopecroupy, droopy, goopy, groupie, loopy, pupae, roupy, snoopy, soupy, Tupi •whoopee •duppy, guppy, puppy, yuppie •gulpy, pulpy •bumpy, clumpy, dumpy, frumpy, grumpy, humpy, jumpy, lumpy, plumpy, rumpy-pumpy, scrumpy, stumpy •hiccupy • chirrupy • calliope •pericope • syncope •colonoscopy, horoscopy, microscopy, stereoscopy •Penelope • canopy • satrapy •lycanthropy, misanthropy, philanthropy •aromatherapy, chemotherapy, hypnotherapy, physiotherapy, psychotherapy, radiotherapy, therapy •entropy • syrupy (US sirupy) • chirpy

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"syncope." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"syncope." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncope

"syncope." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved October 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/syncope