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sinus

sinus From the Latin, meaning a cavity, channel, or hollow. In the body there are several types of sinus, matching these definitions. The air-containing cavities so-named are within the skull bones, enclosed except for openings into the nasal cavity; these are the frontal sinuses (in each side of the forehead), and the maxillary sinuses (in the cheek bones). Their lining can become acutely or chronically infected (sinusitis), causing pain and muco-purulent nasal discharge (catarrh). The channels known as sinuses are blood-containing spaces such as those in the spleen, liver, and bone marrow; they are not shut off from the circulating blood, but their width allows greater stagnation than in capillary blood vessels, for specific functions such as the addition and the removal of blood cells and other constituents. The venous drainage channels of the brain, inside the skull, and that of the heart muscle, also go by this name; likewise dilated regions of some blood vessels, notably the carotid sinuses in the neck, which have stretch receptors important in the regulation of the arterial blood pressure; also dilated parts of lymphatic channels, and of milk channels behind the nipples. The hollows so named are more often like dead-end channels or pits—abnormal connections to the surface of the skin from deeper areas of infection.

Stuart Judge

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"sinus." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

"sinus." The Oxford Companion to the Body. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

sinus

si·nus / ˈsīnəs/ • n. 1. (often sinuses) Anat. & Zool. a cavity within a bone or other tissue, esp. one in the bones of the face or skull connecting with the nasal cavities. ∎  an irregular venous or lymphatic cavity, reservoir, or dilated vessel. ∎  Med. an infected tract leading from a deep-seated infection and discharging pus to the surface. ∎  Bot. a rounded notch between two lobes on the margin of a leaf or petal. 2. [as adj.] Physiol. relating to or denoting the sinoatrial node of the heart or its function as a pacemaker: sinus rhythm sinus tachycardia.

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"sinus." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus-0

"sinus." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus-0

sinus

sinus (sy-nŭs) n.
1. an air cavity within a bone, especially any of the cavities within the bones of the face or skull (see paranasal sinuses).

2. any wide channel containing blood, usually venous blood. s. arrhythmia see arrhythmia. s. rhythm a normal heart rhythm, usually as recorded on an electrocardiogram. s. venosus a chamber in the embryonic heart that becomes part of the right atrium after birth.

3. a pocket or bulge in a tubular organ, especially a blood vessel.

4. (sinus tract) a blind-ending infected tract leading from a focus of infection to the surface of the skin or a hollow organ. See pilonidal sinus.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus

"sinus." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus

sinus

sinus, cavity or hollow space in the body, usually filled with air or blood. In humans the paranasal sinuses, mucus-lined cavities in the bones of the face, are connected by passageways to the nose and probably help to warm and moisten inhaled air. When drainage from them is blocked, as after a cold, these sinuses often become infected, a condition called sinusitis. The accumulation of pus results in pressure, headaches, pain, and general discomfort. In invertebrates one of the spaces among the muscles and viscera through which blood returns to the heart is also known as a sinus.

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"sinus." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

"sinus." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

sinus

sinus A Latin word meaning ‘curve’ or ‘bay’.
1. The word ‘sinus’ was used by Giovanni B. Riccioli in 1651 to designate bay-like features on the lunar maria (see MARE). The best known example is Sinus Iridum, the ‘Bay of Rainbows’, on the north-western margin of the ‘Sea of Rains’ (Mare Imbrium).

2. In certain bivalves (Bivalvia), a recess or embayment in the pallial line; most bivalves with a pallial sinus are burrowers.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Earth Sciences. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus

sinus

sinus Hollow space or cavity, usually in bone. Most often the term refers to the paranasal sinuses, any of the four sets of air-filled cavities in the skull near the nose: the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid, and sphenoid. These may become infected and inflamed (sinusitis), causing pain.

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"sinus." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

"sinus." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sinus

sinus

sinus
1. A space, found e.g. in certain bones of the face of a mammal where they are filled with air and connect with the nasal cavity.

2. In certain Bivalvia, a recess or embayment in the pallial line; forms with a sinus are generally burrowers.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"sinus." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 23, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus-1

"sinus." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus-1

sinus

sinus (path.) abscess, etc. XVI; (bot., anat.) cavity, depression XVII. — L. sinus semicircular fold, bosom, bay.

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"sinus." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"sinus." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus-1

sinus

sinus A saclike cavity or organ in an animal, such as the sinus venosus.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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sinus

sinus A space, found for example between the lobes of a plant leaf.

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"sinus." A Dictionary of Plant Sciences. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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sinus

sinus •pandanus •badness, madness, sadness •Magnus • aptness •fatness, patness •redness • wetness •anus, Coriolanus, heinous, Janus, Punta Arenas, Silvanusgenus, intravenous, Maecenas, Malvinas, Salinas, venous, Venus •Cygnus • proteinous • ruinous •libidinous •multitudinous, platitudinous, pulchritudinous, vicissitudinous •cartilaginous, farraginous, oleaginous •fuliginous, indigenous, oxygenous, polygynous, rubiginous, vertiginous •androgynous, autogenous, endogenous, erogenous, exogenous, homogenous, hydrogenous, misogynous •ferruginous • ominous •bituminous, leguminous, luminous, numinous, voluminous •conterminous, coterminous, terminus, verminous •larcenous • gelatinous • cretinous •mountainous •glutinous, mutinous •resinous •Aquinas, Delphinus, echinus, Linus, Longinus, minus, Plotinus, sinus, vinous •oddness • wanness • hotness •Faunus, rawness •Kaunas •bonus, Cronus, Jonas, lowness, onus, Tithonus •oldness •newness, twoness •fulness •alumnus, rumness •oneness • Oceanus • Eridanus •diaphanous • polyphonous •cacophonous, homophonous •porcellanous • villainous •membranous • tyrannous •synchronous • Uranus • tetanus •monotonous • gluttonous •cavernous, ravenous •treasonous • poisonous • Avernus

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"sinus." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"sinus." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. . Retrieved August 23, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/sinus