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Dendrite

Dendrite

Nerve cell fibers that receive signals from other cells.

Dendrites are one of two types of short, threadlike fibers that extend from the cell body of a nerve cell, or neuron . The other type are called axons. Dendrites receive electrochemical signals, which are known as postsynaptic potentials, from the axons of other neurons, and the information contained in these signals is fired across a synaptic gap or cleft about 0.02 microns or about 8 millionths of an inch wide and transmitted toward the cell body, with the signals fading as they approach their destination. A single neuron can have many dendrites, each composed of numerous branches; together, they comprise the greater part of the neuron's receptive surface.

The number of axons and dendrites increases dramatically during infancy and childhoodpossibly to facilitate the rapid development experienced during this periodand decrease in early adolescence . A child of six or seven has more dendrites than an adult.

See also Synapse

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"Dendrite." Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Dendrite." Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dendrite

"Dendrite." Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dendrite

dendrite

den·drite / ˈdendrīt/ • n. 1. Physiol. a short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impulses received from other cells at synapses are transmitted to the cell body. Compare with axon. 2. a crystal or crystalline mass with a branching, treelike structure. ∎  a natural treelike or mosslike marking on a piece of rock or mineral.

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"dendrite." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

"dendrite." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

dendrite

dendrite Any of the slender branching processes that arise from the dendrons of the cell body of a motor neuron. A dendrite forms connections (see synapse) with the axons of other neurons and transmits nerve impulses from these to the cell body.

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"dendrite." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Biology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite-0

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Biology. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite-0

dendrite

dendrite (den-dryt) n. one of the shorter branching processes of the cell body of a neurone, which makes contact with other neurones at synapses and carries nerve impulses from them into the cell body.

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"dendrite." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Nursing. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/caregiving/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

dendrite

dendrite tree-like form in stone or mineral. XVIII. — F. — Gr. dendrī́tēs pert. to a tree, f. déndron tree; see -ITE.

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"dendrite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite-0

"dendrite." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite-0

dendrite

dendrite A many-branched process, arising from the cell body of a neuron, that receives impulses from other neurons.

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"dendrite." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

"dendrite." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dendrite

dendrite

dendrite: see nervous system; synapse.

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"dendrite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 May. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"dendrite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dendrite

"dendrite." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved May 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dendrite