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Spoleto Festival

Spoleto Festival, also called Festival of the Two Worlds, annual summer arts festival held in Spoleto, Italy. Founded by the composer Gian-Carlo Menotti and the conductor Thomas Schippers, the festival has been held annually since 1958. It features the works of composers, singers, and musicians, as well as writers, actors, painters, and sculptors from all over the world. In 1999 Francis Menotti, the founder's adopted son, became its artistic director and in 2007 Giorgio Ferrara, an Italian film and theater director, succeeded him as the festival's director. The Spoleto Festival U.S.A., an American version of the festival also instituted by Menotti, has been held in Charleston, S.C., since 1977. Although Menotti broke with the American festival in 1993, it continues to be an active musical institution.

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"Spoleto Festival." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Spoleto Festival." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spoleto-festival

"Spoleto Festival." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 13, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spoleto-festival

Festival of Two Worlds

Festival of Two Worlds: see Spoleto Festival.

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"Festival of Two Worlds." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 13 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Festival of Two Worlds." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/festival-two-worlds

"Festival of Two Worlds." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 13, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/festival-two-worlds