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Stijl, De

Stijl, De. Literally The Style. Supposedly derived from Semper's Der Stil (1861–3), erroneously believed to advocate Materialism and Functionalism, it was a Dutch artistic movement and name of a journal founded by van Doesburg in 1917. Other members included the painter Piet Mondrian (1872–1944), Rietveld, Oud, and van't Hoff. It was influenced by Cubism, by Neo-Plasticism, and by a Calvinistic concern with objectivity, simplicity, and truth, and, like many C20 movements, was antihistorical and antagonistic to tradition. It proposed an abstracted clarity of expression, wholly divorced from Nature, advocated straight lines, pure planes, right angles, primary colours, and decomposed cubes, and was one of the most powerful influences on architecture between the World Wars, especially on the Bauhaus and the International Modern Movement. Early architectural works of the De Stijl group included van't Hoff's Huis ter Heide, Utrecht (1916—clearly influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright's work), Oud's projected but unrealized distillery at Purmerend (1919), and van Eesteren's and van Doesburg's axonometric studies for a house (1923). However, the paradigm of De Stijl architecture was the celebrated Schröder House, Utrecht, by Rietveld (1921–4), with its slab-like elements, flat roof, primary colours, and angular construction. Other architects influenced by De Stijl were Mies van der Rohe (especially his Barcelona Pavilion of 1928–9), Eisenman, and Portoghesi.

Bibliography

M. Friedman (ed.) (1982);
Jaffé (1956);
Overy (1969);
Overy et al. (1988);
Padovan (2002);
Petersen (ed.) (1968);
Stijl (1998);
Jane Turner (1996);
Troy (1983);
Warncke (1994);
Zevi (1974)

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"Stijl, De." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"Stijl, De." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/stijl-de

Stijl, de

de Stijl (də stīl) [Du.,=the style], Dutch nonfigurative art movement, also called neoplasticism. In 1917 a group of artists, architects, and poets was organized under the name de Stijl, and a journal of the same name was initiated. The leaders of the movement were the artists Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian. They advocated a purification of art, eliminating subject matter in favor of vertical and horizontal elements, and the use of primary colors and noncolors. Their austerity of expression influenced architects, principally J. J. P. Oud and Gerrit Rietveld. The movement lasted until 1931; in architecture a few de Stijl principles are still applied.

See study by H. L. C. Jaffé (1968).

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"Stijl, de." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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Stijl, De

Stijl, De (Dutch, ‘The Style’) Group of modern artists that originated in the Netherlands in 1917. They were associated with the eponymous art periodical co-founded by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg. De Stijl's aesthetic was an austere use of bold, vertical and horizontal lines, often breaking up primary colours. It was especially influential in architecture, informing the work of Gerrit Rietveld.

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De Stijl

De Stijl. See stijl.

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De Stijl

De Stijlaisle, Argyle, awhile, beguile, bile, Carlisle, Carlyle, compile, De Stijl, ensile, file, guile, I'll, interfile, isle, Kabyle, kyle, lisle, Lyle, Mikhail, mile, Nile, pile, rank-and-file, resile, rile, Ryle, Sieg Heil, smile, spile, stile, style, tile, vile, Weil, while, wile, worthwhile •labile, stabile •immobile, mobile •nubile • aedile • crocodile • cinephile •profile • audiophile • bibliophile •Francophile • Anglophile •technophile • necrophile •Russophile •paedophile (US pedophile) •agile, fragile •chamomile •penile, senile •juvenile • stockpile • isopropyl •woodpile • sterile • febrile • virile •puerile • facile • decile • flexile •extensile, prehensile, tensile •fissile, missile •domicile • docile • reconcile

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