Kibbutz that was the site of an important battle in the Arab–Israel War (1948).
Yad Mordekhai, named for Mordekhai Anilewitz, commander of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, is located between Gaza and Ashkelon on the road to Tel Aviv. Founded in 1943, the kibbutz was attacked by Egypt's army on May 19, 1948. It held out for four days without relief; on the fifth day, the survivors broke through Egypt's lines to the settlement of Gvar Am. The attackers suffered 300 casualties.
Today the kibbutz has 700 inhabitants. The kibbutz supports itself through agriculture; industry, especially bee products from its apiary; and tourism, with visitors to a reconstructed battlefield from the 1948 war and a museum devoted to the Holocaust, Jewish resistance in Europe, the immigration of Holocaust survivors to Palestine during the British Mandate, and Israel's War of Independence.
Allon, Yigal. Shield of David: The Story of Israel's Armed Forces. New York: Random House, 1970.
Elon, Amos. The Israelis: Founders and Sons. New York: Penguin, 1983.
"Yad Mordekhai." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 22, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yad-mordekhai
"Yad Mordekhai." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved September 22, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/yad-mordekhai
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