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York, treaty of

York, treaty of, 1237. The kings of Scotland had long-standing ambitions to acquire Cumberland, Westmorland, and Northumberland. In the 12th cent. David I ruled at Newcastle and died at Carlisle. But in 1237 at York, under papal auspices, Alexander II and his brother-in-law Henry III reached agreement. The Scottish king abandoned any claim to the northern counties in exchange for estates within them, notably in Tynedale and at Penrith, to be held of the king of England and subject to English jurisdiction. The arrangement had to be repeated at a meeting of the two kings at Newcastle in 1244.

J. A. Cannon

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