Skip to main content

Tudor, Jasper, 1st earl of Pembroke and 1st duke of Bedford

Tudor, Jasper, 1st earl of Pembroke and 1st duke of Bedford (c.1431–95). The second son of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois, Jasper was created earl of Pembroke in 1452, at the same time as his elder brother Edmund became earl of Richmond. He was one of the few die-hard Lancastrians. Ruling Wales on behalf of Henry VI from 1457, he refused to come to terms with Edward IV after 1461. He led an expedition to Wales in 1468, and returned again in 1470 during the restoration of Henry VI. But after the defeat of the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury in May 1471, he fled once more, taking with him his 13-year-old nephew Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond (later Henry VII). He remained in exile for fourteen years, returning in triumph in 1485. Thereafter, back in Wales, and promoted duke of Bedford, he remained until his death Henry VII's principal lieutenant in the principality and the marches.

Anthony James Pollard

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Tudor, Jasper, 1st earl of Pembroke and 1st duke of Bedford." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Tudor, Jasper, 1st earl of Pembroke and 1st duke of Bedford." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tudor-jasper-1st-earl-pembroke-and-1st-duke-bedford

"Tudor, Jasper, 1st earl of Pembroke and 1st duke of Bedford." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved November 16, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tudor-jasper-1st-earl-pembroke-and-1st-duke-bedford

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.