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Radcot Bridge, battle of

Radcot Bridge, battle of, 1387. The accession of a 10-year-old king, Richard II, in 1377 led to baronial rivalry. In 1386 five noblemen, Arundel, Derby (the future Henry IV), Gloucester, Nottingham, and Warwick, formed an alliance, the lords appellant, to remove two royal favourites, Michael de la Pole, duke of Suffolk and Oxford (created duke of Ireland in 1386). Suffolk was impeached and forced to flee. De Vere, earl of Oxford, raised an army in Cheshire in December 1387 and marched south to join the king. He was intercepted at Radcot Bridge, just east of Lechlade, on 20 December and trapped between armies led by Derby in front and Gloucester behind. Oxford fled and joined Suffolk in France.

J. A. Cannon

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