Skip to main content

Pyrenees, battle of the

Pyrenees, battle of the, 1813. Following Wellington's offensive in the spring of 1813, Marshal Soult's army of 88,000 men attempted to lift the siege of the French-held towns of San Sebastián and Pamplona in northern Spain. The series of actions that resulted are known as the battle of the Pyrenees. Soult achieved surprise and forced small British forces to retire from the key mountain passes at Maya and Roncesvalles on 25 July. Wellington met Soult at Sorauren near Pamplona on 28 and again on 30 July and won hard-fought victories. On 2 August the French retreated, ceding the initiative to Wellington.

Gary Sheffield

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Pyrenees, battle of the." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pyrenees, battle of the." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 17, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pyrenees-battle

"Pyrenees, battle of the." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved December 17, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pyrenees-battle

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.