Skip to main content

Portal, Charles, 1st Viscount Portal

Portal, Charles, 1st Viscount Portal (1893–1971). Portal came from a Berkshire gentry family of Huguenot ancestry. After Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford, he joined the army at the outbreak of war in 1914 but in 1915 transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, and flew more than 900 sorties before 1918. Promoted air marshal in 1939 he took over Bomber Command in 1940, but after six months became chief of the air staff, which he retained until the end of the war. Tall, hawk-like, and able, he protected Tedder and, like most people, found ‘Bomber’ Harris difficult to work with. After the war he served as controller of the atomic energy establishment at Harwell (1946–51) and as chairman of the British Aircraft Corporation (1960–8). Eisenhower thought Portal the finest of all the war leaders, ‘greater than Churchill’, and Churchill himself remarked that Portal ‘had everything’.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Portal, Charles, 1st Viscount Portal." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Portal, Charles, 1st Viscount Portal." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/portal-charles-1st-viscount-portal

"Portal, Charles, 1st Viscount Portal." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved November 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/portal-charles-1st-viscount-portal

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.