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Perth, treaty of

Perth, treaty of, 1266. The failure of Haakon IV's great expedition at Largs in October 1263 led to a vigorous Scottish counter-attack, which subdued the Inner Hebrides. On 2 July 1266 Magnus IV of Norway, Haakon's successor, signed the treaty of Perth with Alexander III of Scotland. In return for four payments of 4,000 marks and a tribute of 100 marks in perpetuity, the Norwegians surrendered sovereignty over all the Western Islands and the Isle of Man. They retained possession of Orkney and Shetland. The Isle of Man had to be subdued and at length fell under English rule, but the Western Islands remained Scottish.

J. A. Cannon

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