Skip to main content

Pentland rising

Pentland rising, 1666. Support for the covenant was strong in south-west Scotland and clandestine conventicles continued after the Restoration, the covenanters fined for not attending their parish churches. In November 1666 an incident at Dalry, near New Galloway, sparked off a rising. The covenanters occupied Dumfries and advanced upon Edinburgh by way of Lanark. But their numbers dwindled in the face of heavy rain and fewer than 1,000 of them were intercepted and dispersed at Rullion Green, near Penicuik in the Pentland Hills. Retaliation was severe with 30 executions and many transportations.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Pentland rising." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 11 Dec. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Pentland rising." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pentland-rising

"Pentland rising." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved December 11, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pentland-rising

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.