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New Brunswick

New Brunswick was detached from Nova Scotia to form a separate colony when 14,000 loyalist refugees arrived from the USA in 1784. The economy boomed from 1809 after Napoleon had blocked timber supplies from the Baltic. Self-government was introduced in 1848 and in 1865–6 New Brunswick was the crucial battleground between supporters and opponents of the union of British North America. British Prime Minister Andrew Bonar Law and newspaper magnate Lord Beaverbrook were New Brunswickers. French-speaking Acadians make up one-third of the population: in 1969, New Brunswick became Canada's only officially bilingual province. In 1987 the incumbent Conservative government lost all 58 seats in the legislature.

Ged Martin

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