Skip to main content

Middleton, Charles Middleton, 2nd earl of

Middleton, Charles Middleton, 2nd earl of [S] (c.1650–1719). Middleton's father came from Kincardineshire, fought against Montrose and the royalists, but changed sides and was with Charles II at the battle of Worcester in 1651. At the Restoration he was created earl of Middleton [S]. His son succeeded to the peerage in 1673, was secretary of state in Scotland 1682–4 and in England 1684–8, despite adhering to protestant views. One of James II's chief supporters, he joined him in exile at Saint-Germain in 1693 and was then attainted. He retained much of his influence at the Jacobite court until 1713, and was given a Jacobite English peerage as earl of Monmouth in 1701. Burnet described him as pleasant and conciliatory and in December 1688 he attempted to dissuade James II from fleeing the country. After 1688 he was one of the leading Compounders, who urged compromise on James. But James's declaration of April 1693 offering assurances to his erring subjects was received with suspicion. Macaulay called Middleton ‘one of the wisest and most moderate of the Jacobites’.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Middleton, Charles Middleton, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 26 Sep. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Middleton, Charles Middleton, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 26, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/middleton-charles-middleton-2nd-earl

"Middleton, Charles Middleton, 2nd earl of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved September 26, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/middleton-charles-middleton-2nd-earl

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.