Independent Labour Party
The end of the war saw the ILP lose its seat on the NEC and much of its influence, as individuals could now join a Labour Party constituency association. However, under the skilful Clifford Allen, the ILP developed into a significant socialist pressure group. Its most important document was Socialism in our Time, which anticipated many of the later Attlee government reforms.
Disappointment over the second Labour government (1929–31) accelerated the leftward drift of the ILP and made many of its members rebellious in Parliament. As a result the party, under the Clydeside firebrand Jimmy Maxton, disaffiliated from Labour in 1932. The consequences of disaffiliation were far reaching. By 1935 the ILP, which assumed a neo-Marxist character, had fewer than 5,000 members, only a quarter of the previous figure. However, the party still played an important role in the Unity Campaign, hunger marches, and anti-fascist activities. In 1939 the party opposed an ‘imperialist war’ and its decline continued after 1945. Yet the ILP continued to exist and rejoined the Labour Party in 1975.
"Independent Labour Party." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/independent-labour-party
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