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Huntly, George Gordon, 2nd marquis of

Huntly, George Gordon, 2nd marquis of [S] (1592–1649). Huntly played a curiously ineffective role in Scotland during the Civil War. He spent much of his early life at the court of James I and then in France. In 1632 he was created Viscount Aboyne [S] and succeeded his father as 2nd marquis in 1636. His vast influence in the north-east made Charles I appoint him king's lieutenant in the north. But he was proud, moody, and irresolute. In the skirmishes of 1639 he was overwhelmed by Montrose, then acting for the covenanters. The hatred Huntly entertained for Montrose seriously weakened the royal cause in Scotland. Though his sons George and Lewis fought alongside Montrose when he waged his great campaign, and George was killed at Alford, Huntly remained aloof. He was arrested in 1647 and beheaded in March 1649. His son Lewis was restored to the family honours by Charles II in 1651 and his grandson was created duke of Gordon [S] in 1684.

J. A. Cannon

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