Hamburger Hill, Battle of
Long the scene of fierce battles between U.S. and their South Vietnamese allies and North Vietnamese forces, the A Shau closely parallels the Vietnam‐Laos border. This made it easy for North Vietnamese units to cross from their Laotian sanctuary, lure allied units into battle, inflict heavy casualties, then vanish into sanctuary. On Hamburger Hill, the North Vietnamese strategy was again effective: 56 Americans died, and 420 were wounded; South Vietnamese losses were also high. An estimated 600 North Vietnamese soldiers died and many more were wounded. Over 270 close air support sorties and 22,000 rounds of artillery were delivered to support a poorly coordinated piecemeal ground assault by about ten battalions—four of them U.S. Both sides abandoned the fight—and the hill.
The newly installed Nixon administration was severely criticized for announcing the beginning of “Vietnamization”—a policy of turning the war over to the South Vietnamese, then wasting U.S. lives attacking an entrenched enemy on what appeared useless terrain. The controversy seemed to stiffen President Richard M. Nixon's determination to remove U.S. forces from Vietnam quickly.
[See also Vietnam War: Military and Diplomatic Course.]
Guenter Lewy , America in Vietnam, 1978.
Phillip B. Davidson , Vietnam at War, 1988.
Donn A. Starry
"Hamburger Hill, Battle of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hamburger-hill-battle
"Hamburger Hill, Battle of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved January 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hamburger-hill-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.