Gettysburg National Military Park
In 1895, in order to forestall railroad lines being built through the battlefield, Congress established the Gettysburg National Military Park. The National Park Service succeeded the War Department in administering the site in 1933. In 1972, a controversial privately owned observation tower was constructed. Many preservationists and Civil War organizations continue to express alarm over the commercialization of parts of the battlefield not under federal control.
Despite its national symbolism, the battlefield retained strong regional and local ties. State governments and veterans’ groups, on both sides, erected commemorative statues, markers, and other memorials. For decades, Civil War veterans gathered at Gettysburg for reunions, which by the 1890s often included ex‐Confederates. In recent years, reenactments have taken place outside the park boundaries, except for the motion picture Gettysburg (1993), which was filmed inside the park.
[See also Battlefields, Encampments, and Forts as Public Sites; Cemeteries, Military Commemoration and Public Ritual.]
John S. Patterson , A Patriotic Landscape: Gettysburg, 1863–1913, Prospects, 7 (1982), pp. 315–33.
Edward Tabor Linenthal , Sacred Ground: Americans and Their Battlefields, 1991.
Garry Wills , Lincoln at Gettysburg, 1992.
G. Kurt Piehler
"Gettysburg National Military Park." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gettysburg-national-military-park
"Gettysburg National Military Park." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 21, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gettysburg-national-military-park
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