As peace approached, American leaders lost interest in the alliance. In 1782, Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay began peace negotiations with Britain, without consulting the French. After independence in 1783, many Americans increasingly viewed the French alliance as a dangerous foreign entanglement, particularly after the French Revolution led to a new Anglo‐French war in 1793. President George Washington declared America's neutrality despite the alliance and even allowed Jay to sign a favorable commercial treaty with Britain in 1794. French efforts to bring a more friendly American government to power led Washington to warn against “entangling Alliances” in his farewell address (1796)—words that became the cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy until the twentieth century. The alliance proved an embarrassment in the Undeclared Naval War with France (1798–1800) and was ended with the 1800 Convention of Morfontaine, when Napoleon Bonaparte's government signed it away in return for economic concessions. The United States would not sign another peacetime military alliance until the NATO pact of 1949.
Ronald Hoffman and Peter J. Albert, eds., Diplomacy and Revolution: The Franco‐American Alliance of 1778, 1981.
Lawrence S. Kaplan , Entangling Alliances with None: American Foreign Policy in the Age of Jefferson, 1987.
Jeffrey G. Giauque
"Franco‐American Alliance." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franco-american-alliance
"Franco‐American Alliance." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved September 20, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franco-american-alliance
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.