Skip to main content

Dialogus de Scaccario

Dialogus de Scaccario. The Dialogue of the Exchequer is the earliest administrative handbook in English history and a prime source for historians of royal finance. Written in the 1170s it gives an account of Exchequer practice in the form of a dialogue between pupil and master. Its main concern is with the procedures followed when sheriffs brought their accounts to be audited at the Court of the Upper Exchequer. Its author, Richard FitzNigel (c.1130–98), was, like his father Nigel, bishop of Ely, a long-serving treasurer of the Exchequer, rewarded in 1189 by being made bishop of London.

John Gillingham

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Dialogus de Scaccario." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2017 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Dialogus de Scaccario." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2017). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dialogus-de-scaccario

"Dialogus de Scaccario." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved November 18, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dialogus-de-scaccario

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.